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MetaCyc Reaction: 4.1.99.1

Superclasses: Reactions Classified By Conversion TypeSimple ReactionsChemical ReactionsComposite Reactions
Reactions Classified By Conversion TypeSimple ReactionsChemical Reactions
Reactions Classified By SubstrateSmall-Molecule Reactions

EC Number: 4.1.99.1

Enzymes and Genes:

Enterobacter aerogenes: tryptophanase: tnaA
Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655: tryptophanase / L-cysteine desulfhydrase: tnaA
Paenibacillus alvei: tryptophanase
Symbiobacterium thermophilum: tryptophanase: tna1

The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.

Mass balance status: Balanced.

Enzyme Commission Primary Name: tryptophanase

Enzyme Commission Synonyms: L-tryptophanase, L-tryptophan indole-lyase (deaminating)

Taxonomic Range: Bacteria , Archaea

Sub-reactions:
L-tryptophan ↔ indole + 2-aminoprop-2-enoate + H+,
2-aminoprop-2-enoate → 2-iminopropanoate,
2-iminopropanoate + H+ + H2O → pyruvate + ammonium

Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG): 5.1028786 kcal/molInferred by computational analysis [Latendresse13]

Enzyme Commission Summary:
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein, requiring K+. Also catalyses 2,3-elimination and β-replacement reactions of some indole-substituted tryptophan analogues of L-cysteine, L-serine and other 3-substituted amino acids.

Citations: [Newton65, Burns62]

Unification Links: KEGG:R00673, Rhea:19553

Relationship Links: BRENDA:EC:4.1.99.1, ENZYME:EC:4.1.99.1, IUBMB-ExplorEnz:EC:4.1.99.1, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P0A853, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P28796, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P31014, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P31015


References

Burns62: Burns RO, Demoss RD (1962). "Properties of tryptophanase from Escherichia coli." Biochim Biophys Acta 65;233-44. PMID: 14017164

Latendresse13: Latendresse M. (2013). "Computing Gibbs Free Energy of Compounds and Reactions in MetaCyc."

Newton65: Newton WA, Morino Y, Snell EE (1965). "Properties of crystalline tryptophanase." J Biol Chem 240;1211-8. PMID: 14284727


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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