|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
In Pathway: wax esters biosynthesis I
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3, and some reactions have been computationally balanced for hydrogen by adding free protons. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: alcohol-forming fatty acyl-CoA reductase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: FAR (gene name)
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): 294.2744 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
The enzyme has been characterized from the plant Simmondsia chinensis (jojoba). The alcohol is formed by a four-electron reduction of fatty acyl-CoA. Although the reaction proceeds through an aldehyde intermediate, a free aldehyde is not released. The recombinant enzyme was shown to accept saturated and mono-unsaturated fatty acyl-CoAs of 16 to 22 carbons.
Metz00: Metz JG, Pollard MR, Anderson L, Hayes TR, Lassner MW (2000). "Purification of a jojoba embryo fatty acyl-coenzyme A reductase and expression of its cDNA in high erucic acid rapeseed." Plant Physiol 2000;122(3);635-44. PMID: 10712526
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