|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 18.104.22.168
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: anthocyanin 5-(6′′′-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase)
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): -80.63678 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Isolated from the plant Gentiana triflora. Transfers the hydroxycinnamoyl group only to the C-5 glucoside of anthocyanin. Caffeoyl-CoA, but not malonyl-CoA, can substitute as an acyl donor.
Unification Links: KEGG:R05163
Fujiwara97: Fujiwara H, Tanaka Y, Fukui Y, Nakao M, Ashikari T, Kusumi T (1997). "Anthocyanin 5-aromatic acyltransferase from Gentiana triflora. Purification, characterization and its role in anthocyanin biosynthesis." Eur J Biochem 249(1);45-51. PMID: 9363752
Fujiwara98a: Fujiwara H, Tanaka Y, Yonekura-Sakakibara K, Fukuchi-Mizutani M, Nakao M, Fukui Y, Yamaguchi M, Ashikari T, Kusumi T (1998). "cDNA cloning, gene expression and subcellular localization of anthocyanin 5-aromatic acyltransferase from Gentiana triflora." Plant J 16(4);421-31. PMID: 9881162
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