|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions → Composite Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3, and some reactions have been computationally balanced for hydrogen by adding free protons. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: [histone-H3]-lysine-36 demethylase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: JHDM1A, JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase 1A, H3-K36-specific demethylase, histone-lysine (H3-K36) demethylase, histone demethylase, protein-6-N,6-N-dimethyl-L-lysine,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase
a [protein] N6,N6-dimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen = a [protein] N6-methyl-L-lysine + succinate + formaldehyde + CO2 ,
a [protein] N6-methyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + H+ → a [protein]-L-lysine + succinate + formaldehyde + CO2
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): -164.16656 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Requires iron(II). Of the seven potential methylation sites in histones H3 (K4, K9, K27, K36, K79) and H4 (K20, R3) from HeLa cells, the enzyme is specific for Lys-36. Lysine residues exist in three methylation states (mono-, di- and trimethylated). The enzyme preferentially demethylates the dimethyl form of Lys-36 (K36me2), which is its natural substrate, to form the monomethyl and unmethylated forms of Lys-36. It can also demethylate the monomethyl- but not the trimethyl form of Lys-36.
Tsukada06: Tsukada Y, Fang J, Erdjument-Bromage H, Warren ME, Borchers CH, Tempst P, Zhang Y (2006). "Histone demethylation by a family of JmjC domain-containing proteins." Nature 439(7078);811-6. PMID: 16362057
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