|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 188.8.131.52
Enzymes and Genes:
|Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655:||tyrosine lyase: thiH|
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: 2-iminoacetate synthase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: thiH (gene name)
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): -47.847656 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Binds a [4Fe-4S] cluster that is coordinated by 3 cysteines and an exchangeable S-adenosyl-L-methionine molecule. The first stage of catalysis is reduction of the S-adenosyl-L-methionine to produce methionine and a 5-deoxyadenosin-5-yl radical that is crucial for the conversion of the substrate. Part of the pathway for thiamine biosynthesis.
Kriek07: Kriek M, Martins F, Leonardi R, Fairhurst SA, Lowe DJ, Roach PL (2007). "Thiazole synthase from Escherichia coli: an investigation of the substrates and purified proteins required for activity in vitro." J Biol Chem 282(24);17413-23. PMID: 17403671
Kriek07a: Kriek M, Martins F, Challand MR, Croft A, Roach PL (2007). "Thiamine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli: identification of the intermediate and by-product derived from tyrosine." Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 46(48);9223-6. PMID: 17969213
Leonardi03: Leonardi R, Fairhurst SA, Kriek M, Lowe DJ, Roach PL (2003). "Thiamine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli: isolation and initial characterisation of the ThiGH complex." FEBS Lett 539(1-3);95-9. PMID: 12650933
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