This view shows enzymes only for those organisms listed below, in the list of taxa known to possess the pathway. If an enzyme name is shown in bold, there is experimental evidence for this enzymatic activity.
|Superclasses:||Degradation/Utilization/Assimilation → Carboxylates Degradation|
Some taxa known to possess this pathway include : Homo sapiens, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas Sp. K172, Pseudomonas sp. KB 740, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Syntrophus aciditrophicus, Syntrophus buswellii, Syntrophus gentianae, Thauera aromatica
Glutaryl-CoA is a common intermediate in the degradation of many different compounds, such as benzoate and benzoyl-CoA, L-lysine, L-tryptophan and many more. In this pathway glutaryl-CoA is degraded by β-oxidation to 2 molecules of acetyl-CoA and one molecule of CO2.
Westover01: Westover JB, Goodman SI, Frerman FE (2001). "Binding, hydration, and decarboxylation of the reaction intermediate glutaconyl-coenzyme A by human glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase." Biochemistry 40(46);14106-14. PMID: 11705404
Alber06: Alber BE, Spanheimer R, Ebenau-Jehle C, Fuchs G (2006). "Study of an alternate glyoxylate cycle for acetate assimilation by Rhodobacter sphaeroides." Mol Microbiol 61(2);297-309. PMID: 16856937
Beatrix90: Beatrix B, Bendrat K, Rospert S, Buckel W (1990). "The biotin-dependent sodium ion pump glutaconyl-CoA decarboxylase from Fusobacterium nucleatum (subsp. nucleatum). Comparison with the glutaconyl-CoA decarboxylases from gram-positive bacteria." Arch Microbiol 154(4);362-9. PMID: 2244788
Bendrat93: Bendrat K, Buckel W (1993). "Cloning, sequencing and expression of the gene encoding the carboxytransferase subunit of the biotin-dependent Na+ pump glutaconyl-CoA decarboxylase from Acidaminococcus fermentans in Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 1993;211(3);697-702. PMID: 8382157
Bennett84: Bennett MJ, Hosking GP, Smith MF, Gray RG, Middleton B (1984). "Biochemical investigations on a patient with a defect in cytosolic acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, associated with mental retardation." J Inherit Metab Dis 7(3);125-8. PMID: 6150136
Buckel83: Buckel W, Semmler R (1983). "Purification, characterisation and reconstitution of glutaconyl-CoA decarboxylase, a biotin-dependent sodium pump from anaerobic bacteria." Eur J Biochem 1983;136(2);427-34. PMID: 6628393
Chen91: Chen GL, Balfe A, Erwa W, Hoefler G, Gaertner J, Aikawa J, Chen WW (1991). "Import of human bifunctional enzyme into peroxisomes of human hepatoma cells in vitro." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 178(3);1084-91. PMID: 1651711
Chen94: Chen D, Swenson RP (1994). "Cloning, sequence analysis, and expression of the genes encoding the two subunits of the methylotrophic bacterium W3A1 electron transfer flavoprotein." J Biol Chem 269(51);32120-30. PMID: 7798207
Colby92: Colby GD, Chen JS (1992). "Purification and properties of 3-hydroxybutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase from Clostridium beijerinckii ("Clostridium butylicum") NRRL B593." Appl Environ Microbiol 58(10);3297-302. PMID: 1444364
Dekishima11: Dekishima Y, Lan EI, Shen CR, Cho KM, Liao JC (2011). "Extending Carbon Chain Length of 1-Butanol Pathway for 1-Hexanol Synthesis from Glucose by Engineered Escherichia coli." J Am Chem Soc 133(30);11399-401. PMID: 21707101
Ferdinandusse04: Ferdinandusse S, Denis S, Van Roermund CW, Wanders RJ, Dacremont G (2004). "Identification of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes involved in the degradation of long-chain dicarboxylic acids." J Lipid Res 45(6);1104-11. PMID: 15060085
Fiedler02: Fiedler S, Steinbuchel A, Rehm BH (2002). "The role of the fatty acid beta-oxidation multienzyme complex from Pseudomonas oleovorans in polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis: molecular characterization of the fadBA operon from P. oleovorans and of the enoyl-CoA hydratase genes phaJ from P. oleovorans and Pseudomonas putida." Arch Microbiol 178(2);149-60. PMID: 12115060
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