This view shows enzymes only for those organisms listed below, in the list of taxa known to possess the pathway. If an enzyme name is shown in bold, there is experimental evidence for this enzymatic activity.
|Superclasses:||Degradation/Utilization/Assimilation → Alcohols Degradation|
Expected Taxonomic Range: Bacteria
Ethylene glycol has many applications commercially. It is used in antifreeze solutions and for the chemical synthesis of glyoxal, glycolate and glyoxylate. Glyoxylate is a building block for a variety of molecules of industrial interest. While Escherichia coli encodes the enzymes shown in this pathway by which it can degrade ethylene glycol to glyoxylate and subsequently 3-phosphoglycerate which can enter central metabolism through glycolysis, wild type cannot metabolize this alcohol at a sufficient rate to support growth. However, certain mutant strains with altered patterns of gene expression, can grow on ethylene glycol as a total source of carbon and energy. Some strains of Pseudomonas putida may also express all or part of this pathway and are hence able to metabolize ethylene glycol to glyoxylate or further [Muckschel12].
Unification Links: EcoCyc:GLYCOL-GLYOXDEG-PWY
Muckschel12: Muckschel B, Simon O, Klebensberger J, Graf N, Rosche B, Altenbuchner J, Pfannstiel J, Huber A, Hauer B (2012). "Ethylene Glycol Metabolism of Pseudomonas putida." Appl Environ Microbiol. PMID: 23023748
Anstrom03: Anstrom DM, Kallio K, Remington SJ (2003). "Structure of the Escherichia coli malate synthase G:pyruvate:acetyl-coenzyme A abortive ternary complex at 1.95 A resolution." Protein Sci 12(9);1822-32. PMID: 12930982
Autieri07: Autieri SM, Lins JJ, Leatham MP, Laux DC, Conway T, Cohen PS (2007). "L-fucose stimulates utilization of D-ribose by Escherichia coli MG1655 DeltafucAO and E. coli Nissle 1917 DeltafucAO mutants in the mouse intestine and in M9 minimal medium." Infect Immun 75(11);5465-75. PMID: 17709419
Badia91: Badia J, Gimenez R, Baldoma L, Barnes E, Fessner WD, Aguilar J (1991). "L-lyxose metabolism employs the L-rhamnose pathway in mutant cells of Escherichia coli adapted to grow on L-lyxose." J Bacteriol 1991;173(16);5144-50. PMID: 1650346
Baldoma88: Baldoma L, Aguilar J (1988). "Metabolism of L-fucose and L-rhamnose in Escherichia coli: aerobic-anaerobic regulation of L-lactaldehyde dissimilation." J Bacteriol 170(1);416-21. PMID: 3275622
Boldt05: Boldt R, Edner C, Kolukisaoglu U, Hagemann M, Weckwerth W, Wienkoop S, Morgenthal K, Bauwe H (2005). "D-glycerate 3-kinase, the last unknown enzyme in the photorespiratory cycle in Arabidopsis, belongs to a novel kinase family." Plant Cell 17(8);2413-20. PMID: 15980259
Boronat79: Boronat A, Aguilar J (1979). "Rhamnose-induced propanediol oxidoreductase in Escherichia coli: purification, properties, and comparison with the fucose-induced enzyme." J Bacteriol 1979;140(2);320-6. PMID: 40956
Caballero83: Caballero E, Baldoma L, Ros J, Boronat A, Aguilar J (1983). "Identification of lactaldehyde dehydrogenase and glycolaldehyde dehydrogenase as functions of the same protein in Escherichia coli." J Biol Chem 1983;258(12);7788-92. PMID: 6345530
Cabiscol90: Cabiscol E, Hidalgo E, Badia J, Baldoma L, Ros J, Aguilar J (1990). "Oxygen regulation of L-1,2-propanediol oxidoreductase activity in Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 172(9);5514-5. PMID: 2203757
Cabiscol92: Cabiscol E, Badia J, Baldoma L, Hidalgo E, Aguilar J, Ros J (1992). "Inactivation of propanediol oxidoreductase of Escherichia coli by metal-catalyzed oxidation." Biochim Biophys Acta 1118(2);155-60. PMID: 1730033
Cabiscol94: Cabiscol E, Aguilar J, Ros J (1994). "Metal-catalyzed oxidation of Fe2+ dehydrogenases. Consensus target sequence between propanediol oxidoreductase of Escherichia coli and alcohol dehydrogenase II of Zymomonas mobilis." J Biol Chem 269(9);6592-7. PMID: 8120011
Chang93: Chang YY, Wang AY, Cronan JE (1993). "Molecular cloning, DNA sequencing, and biochemical analyses of Escherichia coli glyoxylate carboligase. An enzyme of the acetohydroxy acid synthase-pyruvate oxidase family." J Biol Chem 1993;268(6);3911-9. PMID: 8440684
Chen83: Chen YM, Lin EC, Ros J, Aguilar J (1983). "Use of operon fusions to examine the regulation of the L-1,2-propanediol oxidoreductase gene of the fucose system in Escherichia coli K12." J Gen Microbiol 129(11);3355-62. PMID: 6319547
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