Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Organism: Xenopus laevis

Synonyms: platanna, common platanna, clawed frog , clawed frog, Xenopus leavis, Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802), Bufo laevis, African clawed frog

Rank: species

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms , Eukaryota , Opisthokonta , Metazoa , Eumetazoa , Bilateria , Deuterostomia , Chordata , Craniata , Vertebrata , Gnathostomata , Teleostomi , Euteleostomi , Sarcopterygii , Dipnotetrapodomorpha , Tetrapoda , Amphibia , Batrachia , Anura , Pipoidea , Pipidae , Xenopodinae , Xenopus , Xenopus

Direct sub-taxa of Xenopus laevis: Xenopus laevis, Xenopus laevis, Xenopus laevis

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:8355


Pathways present in Xenopus laevis or one of its sub-taxa (2).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
melatonin degradation II ,
superpathway of melatonin degradation

Additional pathways which may be present in Xenopus laevis and all its sub-taxa (421)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to glutaryl-CoA ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate biosynthesis ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-methylbutyrate biosynthesis ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis III (from citrate) ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism II (mammalian) ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
alanine biosynthesis II ,
alanine biosynthesis III ,
alanine degradation III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
α-tocopherol degradation ,
anandamide degradation ,
androgen biosynthesis ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) ,
ascorbate recycling (cytosolic) ,
asparagine biosynthesis I ,
asparagine biosynthesis II ,
asparagine degradation I ,
aspartate biosynthesis ,
aspartate degradation I ,
aspartate degradation II ,
beta-carboline biosynthesis ,
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis II ,
carotenoid cleavage ,
catecholamine biosynthesis ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
ceramide degradation ,
ceramide de novo biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chitin degradation to ethanol ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
cholesterol biosynthesis I ,
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol) ,
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol) ,
choline degradation I ,
chondroitin and dermatan biosynthesis ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
chondroitin sulfate degradation (metazoa) ,
chrysophanol biosynthesis ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
citrulline degradation ,
citrulline-nitric oxide cycle ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
CMP-N-glycoloylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
creatine biosynthesis ,
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis/homocysteine degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
dermatan sulfate degradation (metazoa) ,
D-glucuronate degradation I ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
diphthamide biosynthesis (eukaryotes) ,
D-mannose degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (3,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism ,
docosahexanoate biosynthesis I ,
docosahexanoate biosynthesis II ,
dolichol and dolichyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis ,
dopamine degradation ,
D-serine degradation ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (metazoa) ,
ent -kaurene biosynthesis II ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
estradiol biosynthesis II ,
estradiol biosynthesis I (via estrone) ,
ethanol degradation II ,
ethanol degradation IV ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
fatty acid activation ,
fatty acid α-oxidation II ,
fatty acid α-oxidation III ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation VI (peroxisome) ,
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
flavin biosynthesis IV (mammalian) ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
GABA shunt ,
γ-glutamyl cycle ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals) ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
geodin biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
glucocorticoid biosynthesis ,
gluconeogenesis III ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate biosynthesis II ,
glutamate biosynthesis III ,
glutamate degradation I ,
glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutyrate) ,
glutamate degradation X ,
glutamate removal from folates ,
glutamine biosynthesis I ,
glutamine degradation I ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione-mediated detoxification I ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine biosynthesis II ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycoaminoglycan-protein linkage region biosynthesis ,
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation I ,
glycogen degradation III ,
glycogenolysis II ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis VI (metazoan) ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme degradation ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
histamine degradation ,
histidine degradation V ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hypusine biosynthesis ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
inositol pyrophosphates biosynthesis ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
isoleucine degradation I ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
itaconate degradation ,
ketogenesis ,
ketolysis ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV ,
L-carnitine biosynthesis ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
L-dopa degradation ,
leucine degradation I ,
leukotriene biosynthesis ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent) ,
linalool biosynthesis I ,
linalool biosynthesis II ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
lipoate salvage I ,
L-Nδ-acetylornithine biosynthesis ,
L-serine degradation ,
lysine degradation II (mammalian) ,
mannosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases ,
melatonin degradation I ,
melatonin degradation III ,
melibiose degradation ,
methionine degradation I (to homocysteine) ,
methionine salvage cycle III (animals) ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast) ,
mRNA capping I ,
mRNA capping II ,
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation ,
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NADH repair ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation I ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
neurosporaxanthin biosynthesis ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation ,
octanoyl-ACP biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast) ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi) ,
ornithine de novo biosynthesis ,
oxidative ethanol degradation III ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
palmitate biosynthesis I (animals and fungi) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I ,
phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain) ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phenylethylamine degradation I ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phospholipases ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast) ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
pregnenolone biosynthesis ,
progesterone biosynthesis ,
proline biosynthesis I ,
proline biosynthesis II (from arginine) ,
proline degradation ,
propionyl CoA degradation ,
protein citrullination ,
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation ,
protein ubiquitination ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
raspberry ketone biosynthesis ,
resveratrol degradation ,
retinoate biosynthesis I ,
retinoate biosynthesis II ,
retinol biosynthesis ,
ricinine degradation ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes) ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
serine biosynthesis ,
serine racemization ,
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis ,
serotonin degradation ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermine and spermidine degradation I ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals) ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals) ,
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfite oxidation IV ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of citrulline metabolism ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
TCA cycle III (animals) ,
terminal O-glycans residues modification ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis II ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
the visual cycle I (vertebrates) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
threonine degradation II ,
thyroid hormone biosynthesis ,
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation) ,
thyroid hormone metabolism I (via deiodination) ,
thyronamine and iodothyronamine metabolism ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation I ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA methylation (yeast) ,
tRNA splicing ,
tryptophan degradation III (eukaryotic) ,
tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
tyrosine biosynthesis IV ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urea cycle ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
valine biosynthesis ,
valine degradation I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
vitamin D3 biosynthesis ,
wybutosine biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
xylitol degradation ,
zymosterol biosynthesis


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Wed Nov 26, 2014, biocyc13.