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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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for maintenance.
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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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MetaCyc Organism: Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655

Synonyms: Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655

Rank: strain

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms , Bacteria , Proteobacteria , Gammaproteobacteria , Enterobacteriales , Enterobacteriaceae , Escherichia , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli K-12

Direct sub-taxa of Escherichia coli: Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli, (+ 2 more...)

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:511145


Citations: : [Keseler13]

Comments:
EcoCyc is a model-organism database for Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655. For more information, see URL EcoCyc.org.

The E. coli genome sequence used in EcoCyc is GenBank accession number U00096.2. Despite the involvement of EcoCyc staff in ongoing updates to the U00096 record, some annotation differences may be found between U00096 and EcoCyc, such as due to recent updates to EcoCyc.

Pathways present in Escherichia coli or one of its sub-taxa (429).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
1,2-propanediol biosynthesis from lactate (engineered) ,
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis ,
2'-deoxy-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle I ,
2-O-α-mannosyl-D-glycerate degradation ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxopentenoate degradation ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis ,
3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
3-phenylpropionate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation II ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II ,
5-(carboxymethoxy)uridine biosynthesis ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA I ,
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA) ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism I ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage V ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation III ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobalamin ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide I ,
ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
alanine biosynthesis I ,
alanine biosynthesis II ,
alanine biosynthesis III ,
alanine degradation I ,
allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic) ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis II ,
aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
anhydromuropeptides recycling ,
arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine) ,
arginine degradation II (AST pathway) ,
arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway) ,
arginine dependent acid resistance ,
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin) ,
asparagine biosynthesis I ,
asparagine biosynthesis II ,
asparagine degradation I ,
aspartate biosynthesis ,
aspartate superpathway ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I ,
β-alanine biosynthesis III ,
β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin biosynthesis I ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis I ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis III ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
chitobiose degradation ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
cinnamate and 3-hydroxycinnamate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
cis-dodecenoyl biosynthesis ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
citrate lyase activation ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis I ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis ,
conversion of succinate to propionate ,
curcumin degradation ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis I ,
cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
D-allose degradation ,
D-arabinose degradation I ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
D-fructuronate degradation ,
D-galactarate degradation I ,
D-galactonate degradation ,
D-galacturonate degradation I ,
D-glucarate degradation I ,
D-gluconate degradation ,
di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
D-lactate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transport ,
D-malate degradation ,
D-mannose degradation ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation II ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis I ,
dTDP-N-acetylthomosamine biosynthesis ,
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis ,
enterobactin biosynthesis ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
ethanolamine utilization ,
ethanol degradation I ,
ethylene glycol biosynthesis ,
ethylene glycol degradation ,
fatty acid activation ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation III ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
formate to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
formate to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
fructose degradation ,
fructoselysine and psicoselysine degradation ,
fucose degradation ,
galactitol degradation ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate biosynthesis I ,
glutamate biosynthesis III ,
glutamate degradation II ,
glutamate dependent acid resistance ,
glutamine biosynthesis I ,
glutamine degradation I ,
glutamine degradation II ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer ,
glycerol and glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria) ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation I ,
glycogen degradation III ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation I ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
guanine and guanosine salvage ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
guanylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
histidine biosynthesis ,
homoserine and methionine biosynthesis ,
homoserine biosynthesis ,
hydrogen production V ,
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis I ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
(KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis I ,
KDO transfer to lipid IVA I ,
ketogluconate metabolism ,
lactose degradation III ,
L-arabinose degradation I ,
L-ascorbate degradation I (bacterial, anaerobic) ,
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic) ,
L-carnitine degradation I ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
leucine biosynthesis ,
L-galactonate degradation ,
L-idonate degradation ,
Lipid A-core biosynthesis ,
lipid IVA biosynthesis ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II ,
lipoate salvage I ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (aerobic) ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (anaerobic) ,
L-lyxose degradation ,
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis for microdiesel production ,
L-rhamnose degradation I ,
L-serine degradation ,
lysine biosynthesis I ,
lysine degradation I ,
mannitol degradation I ,
melibiose degradation ,
menaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
methionine biosynthesis I ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway I ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation IV ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methylphosphonate degradation I ,
mixed acid fermentation ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
muropeptide degradation ,
N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II ,
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transport II ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer II ,
NADH to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
NADH to fumarate electron transfer ,
NADH to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation I ,
NAD salvage pathway I ,
NAD salvage pathway II ,
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory) ,
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
oleate β-oxidation ,
ornithine biosynthesis ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis I ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis I ,
phenylethylamine degradation I ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phospholipid biosynthesis I ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis (engineered) ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polymyxin resistance ,
ppGpp biosynthesis ,
preQ0 biosynthesis ,
proline biosynthesis I ,
proline degradation ,
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
propionyl CoA degradation ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
PRPP biosynthesis II ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine degradation I ,
putrescine degradation II ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate oxidation pathway ,
queuosine biosynthesis ,
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis ,
ribose degradation ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
serine biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation IV ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer ,
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
sulfoglycolysis ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway of 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acetate utilization and formation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of alanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine and ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of arginine and polyamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine, putrescine, and 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of aspartate and asparagine biosynthesis; interconversion of aspartate and asparagine ,
superpathway of β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of chorismate metabolism ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of D-glucarate and D-galactarate degradation ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fucose and rhamnose degradation ,
superpathway of GDP-mannose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of glycol metabolism and degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass ,
superpathway of glyoxylate bypass and TCA ,
superpathway of guanine and guanosine salvage ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III ,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria) ,
superpathway of hexuronide and hexuronate degradation ,
superpathway of histidine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (transsulfuration) ,
superpathway of methylglyoxal degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylmannosamine and N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylalanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sulfate assimilation and cysteine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of taurine degradation ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of threonine metabolism ,
superpathway of tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of unsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
taurine degradation IV ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic) ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiamin salvage I ,
thiamin salvage II ,
thiazole biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
threonine biosynthesis ,
threonine biosynthesis from homoserine ,
threonine degradation I ,
threonine degradation II ,
threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal) ,
threonine degradation IV ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
trehalose biosynthesis I ,
trehalose degradation II (trehalase) ,
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity) ,
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic) ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA processing ,
tryptophan biosynthesis ,
tryptophan degradation II (via pyruvate) ,
two-component alkanesulfonate monooxygenase ,
tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-mannosaminouronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis I (meso-DAP-containing) ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
uracil degradation III ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
valine biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
xylose degradation I

Additional pathways which may be present in Escherichia coli and all its sub-taxa (873)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
(+)-camphor degradation ,
1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2,4-trichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichloroethane degradation ,
(1,3)-β-D-xylan degradation ,
1,3-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,4-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis II ,
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation ,
1,8-cineole degradation ,
2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate degradation ,
2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4,6-trichlorophenol degradation ,
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,4-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2,5-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,6-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to 2-oxopentenoate ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation I ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation II ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation III ,
2-aminophenol degradation ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation I ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation II ,
2-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
2-hydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2-hydroxyphenazine biosynthesis ,
2-isopropylphenol degradation ,
2-keto-L-gulonate biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle II ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation II ,
2-nitrophenol degradation ,
2-nitrotoluene degradation ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
2-propylphenol degradation ,
3,3'-dithiodipropionate degradation ,
3,3'-thiodipropionate degradation ,
3,4,6-trichlorocatechol degradation ,
3,4-dichlorobenzoate degradation ,
3,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
3-(4-sulfophenyl)butyrate degradation ,
3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol degradation ,
3,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation III (via gentisate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation II (via protocatechuate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation I (via chlorocatechol) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation III (meta pathway) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation II (ortho) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation I (ortho) ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation I ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation II ,
3-methylarginine biosynthesis ,
3-methylquinoline degradation ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
3-oxoadipate degradation ,
3-phenylpropionate degradation ,
4,4'-diapolycopenedioate biosynthesis ,
4,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation III ,
4-aminophenol degradation ,
4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetate degradation ,
4-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
4-chlorocatechol degradation ,
4-chloronitrobenzene degradation ,
4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-ethylphenol degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxyacetophenone degradation ,
4-hydroxymandelate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylacetate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
4-methyl-5(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole salvage (yeast) ,
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage) ,
4-nitrobenzoate degradation ,
4-nitrophenol degradation I ,
4-nitrophenol degradation II ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation I ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation II ,
(4R)-carveol and (4R)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
(4S)-carveol and (4S)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
4-sulfocatechol degradation ,
4-toluenecarboxylate degradation ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation I ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation II ,
5,5'-dehydrodivanillate degradation ,
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis ,
5-chloro-3-methyl-catechol degradation ,
5-dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucuronate degradation ,
5-hydroxymethylfurfural degradation ,
5-nitroanthranilate degradation ,
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III ,
acetan biosynthesis ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
acetoin degradation ,
acetone degradation II (to acetoacetate) ,
acetylene degradation ,
achromobactin biosynthesis ,
acrylate degradation ,
acrylonitrile degradation I ,
acrylonitrile degradation II ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
adamantanone degradation ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage IV ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide II ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide II ,
aerobactin biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway) ,
agarose degradation ,
alanine degradation IV ,
aldoxime degradation ,
alginate biosynthesis I ,
alginate biosynthesis II ,
alginate degradation ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis I ,
ammonia oxidation I (aerobic) ,
ammonia oxidation III ,
anaerobic aromatic compound degradation (Thauera aromatica) ,
androstenedione degradation ,
aniline degradation ,
anthranilate degradation I (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation II (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation III (anaerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline) ,
arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria) ,
arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation IX (arginine:pyruvate transaminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway) ,
arginine degradation VIII (arginine oxidase pathway) ,
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria) ,
aromatic compounds degradation via β-ketoadipate ,
arsenate detoxification III (mycothiol) ,
arsenate reduction (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation II (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory) ,
arsonoacetate degradation ,
asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent) ,
aspartate degradation I ,
astaxanthin biosynthesis ,
atrazine degradation I (aerobic) ,
atrazine degradation II ,
aurachin A, B, C and D biosynthesis ,
aurachin RE biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-1 biosynthesis ,
bacillithiol biosynthesis ,
base-degraded thiamin salvage ,
benzene degradation ,
benzenesulfonate degradation ,
benzoate degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoate degradation II (aerobic and anaerobic) ,
benzoate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation II (anaerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation III (anaerobic) ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
β-alanine degradation II ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine biosynthesis ,
β myrcene degradation ,
biotin biosynthesis II ,
biphenyl degradation ,
bisucaberin biosynthesis ,
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
butirosin biosynthesis ,
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation) ,
caffeine degradation IV (bacteria, via demethylation and oxidation) ,
caffeine degradation V (bacteria, via trimethylurate) ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
(-)-camphor degradation ,
carbazole degradation ,
carbon disulfide oxidation I (anaerobic) ,
carbon disulfide oxidation II (aerobic) ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation I ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation II ,
cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis (Xanthomonas) ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation II (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate II ,
catechol degradation to β-ketoadipate ,
CDP-2-glycerol biosynthesis ,
CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
CDP-abequose biosynthesis ,
CDP-ascarylose biosynthesis ,
CDP-D-arabitol biosynthesis ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III ,
CDP-D-mannitol biosynthesis ,
CDP-paratose biosynthesis ,
CDP-tyvelose biosynthesis ,
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome) ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
cellulose degradation I (cellulosome) ,
cephamycin C biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chlorate reduction ,
chlorinated phenols degradation ,
chlorobenzene degradation ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) ,
chlorosalicylate degradation ,
cholate degradation (bacteria, anaerobic) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
choline degradation I ,
choline degradation III ,
choline-O-sulfate degradation ,
chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial) ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation ,
citrate degradation ,
citronellol degradation ,
citrulline degradation ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis II (from D-arabinose 5-phosphate) ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis II ,
CMP-N-acetyl-7-O-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria) ,
CMP-pseudaminate biosynthesis ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
coenzyme M biosynthesis I ,
coniferin metabolism ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
creatinine degradation I ,
creatinine degradation II ,
creatinine degradation III ,
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
cyanide degradation ,
cyanophycin metabolism ,
cyanurate degradation ,
cyclohexane-1-carboxylate degradation (anaerobic) ,
cyclohexanol degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis/homocysteine degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
daidzin and daidzein degradation ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
D-arabinose degradation II ,
D-arabitol degradation ,
D-arginine degradation ,
D-carnitine degradation I ,
D-carnitine degradation II ,
deacetylcephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
deethylsimazine degradation ,
dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol degradation ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis III ,
demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
D-galactarate degradation II ,
D-galactosamine and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
D-galacturonate degradation II ,
D-glucarate degradation II ,
D-glucosaminate degradation ,
D-glucuronate degradation II ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dibenzofuran degradation ,
dibenzo-p-dioxin degradation ,
diethylphosphate degradation ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation III (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation II (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfone degradation ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation II (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation III (demethylation) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis ,
diphenylamine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation I ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-allose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-β-fucofuranose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-olivose, dTDP-D-oliose and dTDP-D-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-megosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-olivose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-N-acetylviosamine biosynthesis ,
ectoine biosynthesis ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
erythromycin A biosynthesis ,
erythromycin D biosynthesis ,
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis ,
ethanedisulfonate degradation ,
ethanol degradation II ,
ethylbenzene degradation (anaerobic) ,
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis IV ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
ethylmalonyl pathway ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
fatty acid salvage ,
Fe(II) oxidation ,
ferulate degradation ,
flaviolin dimer and mompain biosynthesis ,
fluorene degradation II ,
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate degradation ,
formaldehyde assimilation II (RuMP Cycle) ,
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway) ,
formaldehyde oxidation I ,
formaldehyde oxidation IV (thiol-independent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation V (H4MPT pathway) ,
formate oxidation to CO2 ,
formate reduction to 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate ,
fosfomycin biosynthesis ,
FR-900098 and FR-33289 antibiotics biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
furfural degradation ,
galactose degradation II ,
galena oxidation ,
gallate degradation I ,
gallate degradation II ,
γ-butyrobetaine degradation ,
γ-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation ,
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis ,
gellan degradation ,
gentisate degradation I ,
gentisate degradation II ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
ginsenoside degradation II ,
glucose degradation (oxidative) ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
glucuronoarabinoxylan degradation ,
glutamate biosynthesis II ,
glutamate degradation I ,
glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate) ,
glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate) ,
glutamate degradation X ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione amide metabolism ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glycerol degradation II ,
glycerol degradation III ,
glycerol degradation to butanol ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis IV (from glycine) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycocholate metabolism (bacteria) ,
glycogenolysis II ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation III ,
glycolysis III (from glucose) ,
guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether degradation ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
heme biosynthesis III (from siroheme) ,
heme d1 biosynthesis ,
hentriaconta-3,6,9,12,15,19,22,25,28-nonaene biosynthesis ,
heptadecane biosynthesis ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
histidine degradation I ,
histidine degradation II ,
histidine degradation IV ,
homocysteine biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
homotaurine degradation ,
hopanoid biosynthesis (bacteria) ,
hydrogen oxidation I (aerobic) ,
hydrogen oxidation II (aerobic, NAD) ,
hydrogen oxidation III (anaerobic, NADP) ,
hydrogen production I ,
hydrogen production II ,
hydrogen production III ,
hydrogen production VI ,
hypotaurine degradation ,
imidazole-lactate degradation ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi) ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VIII (bacterial) ,
intra-aerobic nitrite reduction ,
ι-carrageenan degradation ,
isethionate degradation ,
isoleucine biosynthesis III ,
isoleucine biosynthesis IV ,
isoleucine biosynthesis V ,
isoleucine degradation I ,
isopenicillin N biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
isopropanol biosynthesis ,
isopropylamine degradation ,
itaconate degradation ,
kanosamine biosynthesis I ,
kanosamine biosynthesis II ,
κ-carrageenan degradation ,
kojibiose degradation ,
L-1,2-propanediol degradation ,
lactate biosynthesis (archaea) ,
lactose degradation II ,
λ-carrageenan degradation ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-arabinan degradation ,
L-arabinose degradation III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway) ,
L-carnitine degradation II ,
L-carnitine degradation III ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis V ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
leucine degradation I ,
L-glucose degradation ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent) ,
L-homophenylalanine biosynthesis ,
limonene degradation I (D-limonene) ,
limonene degradation III (to perillate) ,
limonene degradation II (L-limonene) ,
lincomycin biosynthesis ,
linezolid resistance ,
linuron degradation ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus) ,
lipoate salvage II ,
L-lyxonate degradation ,
L-rhamnose degradation II ,
L-rhamnose degradation III ,
L-sorbose degradation ,
lysine biosynthesis III ,
lysine biosynthesis V ,
lysine degradation IV ,
lysine degradation V ,
lysine degradation VI ,
lysine degradation VIII ,
lysine degradation X ,
lysine fermentation to acetate and butyrate ,
malonate decarboxylase activation ,
malonate degradation I (biotin-independent) ,
malonate degradation II (biotin-dependent) ,
maltose degradation ,
mandelate degradation I ,
mandelate degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
manganese oxidation I ,
manganese oxidation II ,
mannan degradation ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
m-cresol degradation ,
megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
melamine degradation ,
menaquinol-6 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis I ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis II ,
meta cleavage pathway of aromatic compounds ,
methane oxidation to methanol I ,
methane oxidation to methanol II ,
methanesulfonate degradation ,
methanol and methylamine oxidation to formaldehyde ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde I ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde III ,
methionine biosynthesis III ,
methionine degradation II ,
methionine degradation I (to homocysteine) ,
methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
methylamine degradation I ,
methylamine degradation II ,
methylgallate degradation ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methyl parathion degradation ,
methylphosphonate degradation II ,
methylsalicylate degradation ,
methylthiolincosamide biosynthesis ,
methylthiopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
methylthiopropionate degradation II (demethylation) ,
mevalonate degradation ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
mithramycin biosynthesis ,
m-xylene degradation (anaerobic) ,
m-xylene degradation to m-toluate ,
mycocyclosin biosynthesis ,
myo-, chiro- and scillo-inositol degradation ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol degradation I ,
myo-inositol degradation II ,
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide biosynthesis ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NAD biosynthesis III ,
NADH repair ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
naphthalene degradation (aerobic) ,
naphthalene degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
N-cyclopropylmelamine degradation ,
neomycin biosynthesis ,
neurosporene biosynthesis ,
nicotinate degradation I ,
nicotine degradation II ,
nicotine degradation V ,
nitrate reduction I (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification) ,
nitrifier denitrification ,
nitrilotriacetate degradation ,
nitrite oxidation ,
nitrobenzene degradation I ,
nitrobenzene degradation II ,
nitrogen fixation ,
nitroglycerin degradation ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nopaline degradation ,
nostoxanthin biosynthesis ,
nylon-6 oligomer degradation ,
octane oxidation ,
octopine degradation ,
oleandomycin activation/inactivation ,
oleandomycin biosynthesis ,
orcinol degradation ,
ornithine degradation I (proline biosynthesis) ,
ornithine lipid biosynthesis ,
orthanilate degradation ,
oxalate degradation I ,
oxalate degradation II ,
oxalate degradation III ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
oxalate degradation V ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II ,
paraoxon degradation ,
parathion degradation ,
paromamine biosynthesis II ,
paromomycin biosynthesis ,
p-cumate degradation ,
p-cumate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
p-cymene degradation ,
p-cymene degradation to p-cumate ,
pectin degradation I ,
pectin degradation II ,
pectin degradation III ,
pentachlorophenol degradation ,
perchlorate reduction ,
petrobactin biosynthesis ,
phenazine-1-carboxylate biosynthesis ,
phenol degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenol degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phenylethylamine degradation II ,
phenylmercury acetate degradation ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VI ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VII ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phospholipases ,
phosphonoacetate degradation ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phthalate degradation ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthesis ,
polyhydroxydecanoate biosynthesis ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
porphyran degradation ,
prodigiosin biosynthesis ,
propylene degradation ,
protocatechuate degradation III (para-cleavage pathway) ,
protocatechuate degradation II (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
pulcherrimin biosynthesis ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine degradation V ,
p-xylene degradation to p-toluate ,
pyochelin biosynthesis ,
pyocyanin biosynthesis ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III ,
pyrrolnitrin biosynthesis ,
pyrroloquinoline quinone biosynthesis ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetone ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
pyruvate fermentation to propionate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to propionate II (acrylate pathway) ,
quinate degradation I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis II ,
(R)-cysteate degradation ,
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway ,
reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle ,
reductive TCA cycle I ,
resorcinol degradation ,
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation II (bacteria) ,
rhamnolipid biosynthesis ,
rhizobactin 1021 biosynthesis ,
rhizocticin A and B biosynthesis ,
ribitol degradation ,
ribostamycin biosynthesis ,
ricinine degradation ,
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol degradation ,
(S)-acetoin biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
salicylate degradation I ,
salicylate degradation II ,
salicylate degradation IV ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
selenate reduction ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
serine racemization ,
shikimate degradation I ,
siroheme amide biosynthesis ,
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation III ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation II ,
sorbitol biosynthesis II ,
spermidine biosynthesis II ,
spermidine biosynthesis III ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
spheroidene and spheroidenone biosynthesis ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
spirilloxanthin and 2,2'-diketo-spirilloxanthin biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol degradation ,
stachydrine degradation ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals) ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
styrene degradation ,
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase) ,
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase) ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction III (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction V (dissimilatory) ,
sulfide oxidation III (sulfur dioxygenase) ,
sulfide oxidation II (sulfide dehydrogenase) ,
sulfide oxidation I (sulfide-quinone reductase) ,
sulfite oxidation II ,
sulfite oxidation III ,
sulfite oxidation I (sulfite oxidoreductase) ,
sulfite oxidation V (SoeABC) ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation I ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation II ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation III ,
sulfoacetate degradation ,
sulfolactate degradation I ,
sulfolactate degradation II ,
sulfolactate degradation III ,
sulfur disproportionation I (anaerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation I (aerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation II (Fe+3-dependent) ,
sulfur oxidation IV (intracellular sulfur) ,
sulfur reduction I ,
sulfur reduction II (via polysulfide) ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acrylonitrile degradation ,
superpathway of aerobic toluene degradation ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 3-oxoadipate ,
superpathway of atrazine degradation ,
superpathway of butirocin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C1 compounds oxidation to CO2 ,
superpathway of CDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfone degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis (without sugar biosynthesis) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation ,
superpathway of glycerol degradation to 1,3-propanediol ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of hydrogen production ,
superpathway of megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of neomycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of nicotinate degradation ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of quinolone and alkylquinolone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of salicylate degradation ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Starkeya novella) ,
superpathway of sulfolactate degradation ,
superpathway of sulfur metabolism (Desulfocapsa sulfoexigens) ,
superpathway of testosterone and androsterone degradation ,
superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium) ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans) ,
superpathway of trimethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of vanillin and vanillate degradation ,
syringate degradation ,
taurine biosynthesis ,
taurine degradation I ,
taurine degradation II ,
taurine degradation III ,
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase) ,
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase) ,
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers) ,
TCA cycle VIII (helicobacter) ,
TCA cycle VI (obligate autotrophs) ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione ,
tetrachloroethene degradation ,
tetramethylpyrazine degradation ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
tetrathionate oxidation ,
tetrathionate reduction I (to thiosulfate) ,
tetrathionate reductiuon II (to trithionate) ,
theophylline degradation ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Staphylococcus) ,
thiamin salvage III ,
thiamin salvage IV (yeast) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thiazole biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thiocyanate degradation I ,
thiocyanate degradation II ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
thiosulfate disproportionation II (non thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation I (thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate oxidation III (multienzyme complex) ,
thiosulfate oxidation II (to tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation I (to tetrathionate) ,
thymine degradation ,
toluene degradation I (aerobic) (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation III (aerobic) (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation IV (aerobic) (via catechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation to benzoate ,
toluene degradation to benzoyl-CoA (anaerobic) ,
toluene degradation to protocatechuate (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation V (aerobic) (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation VI (anaerobic) ,
trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline degradation ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation II ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
trehalose biosynthesis IV ,
trehalose biosynthesis V ,
trehalose degradation IV ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
triclosan resistance ,
triethylamine degradation ,
trimethylamine degradation ,
tryptophan degradation I (via anthranilate) ,
tryptophan degradation IX ,
tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
tryptophan degradation VII (via indole-3-pyruvate) ,
tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway) ,
tryptophan degradation XII (Geobacillus) ,
tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
tyrosine degradation I ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-α-D-mannuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine biosynthesis ,
uracil degradation II (oxidative) ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urate degradation to allantoin II ,
urea cycle ,
urea degradation I ,
urea degradation II ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
valine degradation I ,
valine degradation II ,
vancomycin resistance I ,
vancomycin resistance II ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation I ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation II ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
violacein biosynthesis ,
vitamin B6 degradation ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
xanthan biosynthesis ,
xylitol degradation ,
xylose degradation III ,
zeaxanthin-β-D-diglucoside biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis


References

Keseler13: Keseler IM, Mackie A, Peralta-Gil M, Santos-Zavaleta A, Gama-Castro S, Bonavides-Martinez C, Fulcher C, Huerta AM, Kothari A, Krummenacker M, Latendresse M, Muniz-Rascado L, Ong Q, Paley S, Schroder I, Shearer AG, Subhraveti P, Travers M, Weerasinghe D, Weiss V, Collado-Vides J, Gunsalus RP, Paulsen I, Karp PD (2013). "EcoCyc: fusing model organism databases with systems biology." Nucleic Acids Res 41(Database issue);D605-12. PMID: 23143106


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sat Dec 20, 2014, BIOCYC14B.