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discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
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Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
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Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
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MetaCyc Taxon: Poaceae

Synonyms: grass family, Gramineae

Rank: family

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms , Eukaryota , Viridiplantae , Streptophyta , Streptophytina , Embryophyta , Tracheophyta , Euphyllophyta , Spermatophyta , Magnoliophyta , Mesangiospermae , Liliopsida , Petrosaviidae , commelinids , Poales

Direct sub-taxa of Poaceae: Anomochlooideae, BOP clade , environmental samples , PACMAD clade , Pharoideae, Poaceae incertae sedis, Puelioideae, Tribes, unclassified Poaceae

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:4479


Pathways present in Poaceae or one of its sub-taxa (174).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis III (Spirodela polyrrhiza) ,
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis ,
(3E)-4,8-dimethylnona-1,3,7-triene biosynthesis ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
5-deoxystrigol biosynthesis ,
6-gingerol analog biosynthesis ,
7'-hydroxyabscisate biosynthesis ,
9-lipoxygenase and 9-allene oxide synthase pathway ,
9-lipoxygenase and 9-hydroperoxide lyase pathway ,
abscisic acid biosynthesis shunt ,
acetaldehyde biosynthesis I ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway) ,
ammonia assimilation cycle I ,
ammonia assimilation cycle II ,
apigeninidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
avenacin A-1 biosynthesis ,
avenacin A-2 biosynthesis ,
avenacin biosynthesis, initial reactions ,
benzoyl-β-D-glucopyranose biosynthesis ,
bergamotene biosynthesis I ,
β-alanine biosynthesis I ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-caryophyllene biosynthesis ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type ,
callose biosynthesis ,
carotenoid cleavage ,
ceramide degradation ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis I ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis II ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis III ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis I ,
chlorophyll a degradation I ,
chlorophyll cycle ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
choline degradation I ,
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis II (from D-arabinose 5-phosphate) ,
cutin biosynthesis ,
cyanide detoxification I ,
cytokinin-O-glucosides biosynthesis ,
cytokinins degradation ,
daphnetin modification ,
des-methyl avenacin A-1 biosynthesis ,
dhurrin biosynthesis ,
dhurrin degradation ,
DIBOA-glucoside biosynthesis ,
DIMBOA-glucoside activation ,
DIMBOA-glucoside biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis II (Spartina) ,
diterpene phytoalexins precursors biosynthesis ,
D-serine metabolism ,
ent-kaurene biosynthesis I ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
fructan degradation ,
galactose degradation III ,
GDP-L-galactose biosynthesis ,
geraniol and geranial biosynthesis ,
geranyl acetate biosynthesis ,
gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis I (non C-3, non C-13 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis V ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin inactivation III (epoxidation) ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis IV (plant cytosol) ,
gramine biosynthesis ,
hordatine biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamate sugar acid ester biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamic acid serotonin amides biosynthesis ,
hydroxylated mugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate activation II ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis I ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II ,
indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis II ,
indole-3-acetate degradation I ,
indole-3-acetyl-ester conjugate biosynthesis ,
indole degradation to anthranil and anthranilate ,
iron reduction and absorption ,
isoprene biosynthesis I ,
kauralexin biosynthesis ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis II (L-gulose pathway) ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (L-galactose pathway) ,
L-asparagine degradation I ,
linoleate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
L-lysine biosynthesis VI ,
L-methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
L-methionine salvage cycle II (plants) ,
L-nicotianamine biosynthesis ,
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
L-proline biosynthesis III ,
L-tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
L-tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
luteolin biosynthesis ,
luteolinidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
luteolin triglucuronide biosynthesis ,
luteolin triglucuronide degradation ,
maysin biosynthesis ,
momilactone A biosynthesis ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation ,
N-methylanthraniloyl-β-D-glucopyranose biosynthesis ,
O -methylation of tricetin ,
oryzalexin A, B, and C biosynthesis ,
oryzalexin D and E biosynthesis ,
oryzalide A biosynthesis ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis II (plants) ,
pentacyclic triterpene biosynthesis ,
phaseic acid biosynthesis ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
phytate degradation I ,
phytocassanes biosynthesis, shared reactions ,
phytochelatins biosynthesis ,
pinobanksin biosynthesis ,
plant sterol biosynthesis ,
putrescine biosynthesis IV ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants) ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
Rubisco shunt ,
sakuranetin biosynthesis ,
seed germination protein turnover ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization II ,
serinol biosynthesis ,
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
sorgoleone biosynthesis ,
spermine and spermidine degradation II ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants) ,
starch biosynthesis ,
starch degradation I ,
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis) ,
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase) ,
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase) ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway avenacin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ammonia assimilation (plants) ,
superpathway of anaerobic sucrose degradation ,
superpathway of benzoxazinoid glucosides biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cytosolic glycolysis (plants), pyruvate dehydrogenase and TCA cycle ,
superpathway of gibberellin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of gibberellin GA12 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipoxygenase ,
superpathway of L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phospholipid biosynthesis II (plants) ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
thymine degradation ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) ,
trans-zeatin biosynthesis ,
tuberonate glucoside biosynthesis ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from myo-inositol) ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-xylose) ,
UDP-sugars interconversion ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
vernolate biosynthesis III ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocotrienols) ,
vitexin and derivatives biosynthesis ,
xylan biosynthesis ,
zealexin biosynthesis

Additional pathways which may be present in Poaceae and all its sub-taxa (703)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
(+)-camphor biosynthesis ,
(+)-secoisolariciresinol diglucoside biosynthesis ,
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis II (plants) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis V (from Ins(1,3,4)P3) ,
2,3-cis-flavanols biosynthesis ,
2,3-trans-flavanols biosynthesis ,
2,4,6-trinitrotoluene degradation ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-O-acetyl-3-O-trans-coutarate biosynthesis ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
3,4-dihydroxymandelonitrile β-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
3,5-dimethoxytoluene biosynthesis ,
3β-hydroxysesquiterpene lactone biosynthesis ,
3-carene biosynthesis ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutanoate degradation I ,
4-aminobutanoate degradation IV ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis IV ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis V ,
4-hydroxycoumarin and dicoumarol biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
(5Z)-icosenoate biosynthesis ,
6'-deoxychalcone metabolism ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
(7Z,10Z,13Z)-hexadecatrienoate biosynthesis ,
abscisic acid biosynthesis ,
abscisic acid glucose ester metabolism ,
acacetin biosynthesis ,
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II ,
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis III (from citrate) ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
acylated cyanidin galactoside biosynthesis ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism II (mammalian) ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage VI ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation I ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
afrormosin conjugates interconversion ,
ajugose biosynthesis II (galactinol-independent) ,
alkane biosynthesis II ,
alkane oxidation ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate II ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
aloesone biosynthesis I ,
α-amyrin biosynthesis ,
α-eleostearate biosynthesis ,
α-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants and red algae) ,
anthocyanidin 3-malylglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
anthocyanidin modification (Arabidopsis) ,
anthocyanidin sophoroside metabolism ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
apigenin glycosides biosynthesis ,
arabidiol biosynthesis ,
arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase) ,
arctigenin and isoarctigenin biosynthesis ,
ascorbate glutathione cycle ,
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification) ,
baicalein metabolism ,
barbaloin biosynthesis ,
baruol biosynthesis ,
benzoate biosynthesis I (CoA-dependent, β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis III (CoA-dependent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
bergamotene biosynthesis II ,
beta-carboline biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-cubebene biosynthesis ,
betulinate biosynthesis ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis ,
bixin biosynthesis ,
brassinosteroid biosynthesis I ,
brassinosteroid biosynthesis II ,
caffeoylglucarate biosynthesis ,
calendate biosynthesis ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
(-)-camphor biosynthesis ,
canthaxanthin biosynthesis ,
capsanthin and capsorubin biosynthesis ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis II ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
ceramide de novo biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I ,
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis II ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis II ,
chlorophyll a degradation II ,
choline biosynthesis I ,
choline biosynthesis II ,
choline biosynthesis III ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
chrysoeriol biosynthesis ,
chrysophanol biosynthesis ,
cichoriin interconversion ,
cinnamate esters biosynthesis ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
cis-zeatin biosynthesis ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
CMP-N-glycoloylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic) ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
coniferin metabolism ,
coniferyl alcohol 9-methyl ester biosynthesis ,
cornusiin E biosynthesis ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate) ,
coumarin metabolism (to melilotic acid) ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
crepenynate biosynthesis ,
curcumene biosynthesis ,
curcumin glucoside biosynthesis ,
cuticular wax biosynthesis ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyanide degradation ,
cyanidin 3,7-diglucoside polyacylation biosynthesis ,
cyanidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
cytokinins 7-N-glucoside biosynthesis ,
cytokinins 9-N-glucoside biosynthesis ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
daphnin interconversion ,
dehydroscoulerine biosynthesis ,
delphinidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
δ-carotene biosynthesis ,
δ-guaiene biosynthesis ,
detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts ,
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis ,
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed) ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dihydroconiferyl alcohol biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
dimorphecolate biosynthesis ,
diphthamide biosynthesis (eukaryotes) ,
diphyllin biosynthesis ,
divinyl ether biosynthesis I ,
divinyl ether biosynthesis II ,
D-mannose degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (3,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism ,
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (mammals) ,
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes) ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation II ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis II ,
(E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyltrideca-1,3,7,11-tetraene biosynthesis ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
esculetin biosynthesis ,
esculetin modification ,
esterified suberin biosynthesis ,
ethanol degradation II ,
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants) ,
eudesmol biosynthesis ,
eugenol and isoeugenol biosynthesis ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
extended VTC2 cycle ,
farnesylcysteine salvage pathway ,
fatty acid α-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation II (peroxisome) ,
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis (plant mitochondria) ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
fenchol biosynthesis I ,
fenchone biosynthesis ,
ferulate and sinapate biosynthesis ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
flavonoid biosynthesis ,
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum) ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis III - quercetin derivatives ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis II - isorhamnetin derivatives ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis I - kaempferol derivatives ,
flavonol biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
folate transformations II ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
free phenylpropanoid acid biosynthesis ,
furcatin degradation ,
GA12 biosynthesis ,
galactolipid biosynthesis I ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
galloylated catechin biosynthesis ,
γ-coniciene and coniine biosynthesis ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
genistin gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
gentiodelphin biosynthesis ,
geodin biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
germacrene biosynthesis ,
gibberellin biosynthesis II (early C-3 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin inactivation II (methylation) ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glutamate removal from folates ,
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione-mediated detoxification II ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis III (plants) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycogen degradation I (bacterial) ,
glycolipid desaturation ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
gossypetin metabolism ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation II ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme degradation ,
heptadecane biosynthesis ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hinokiresinol biosynthesis ,
homogalacturonan biosynthesis ,
homogalacturonan degradation ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis ,
hydroxyjasmonate sulfate biosynthesis ,
hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants) ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
hyperxanthone E biosynthesis ,
hypoglycin biosynthesis ,
hypusine biosynthesis ,
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (Δ8 desaturase) ,
indican biosynthesis ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate activation I ,
indole-3-acetate degradation II ,
indole-3-acetate degradation III ,
indole-3-acetate degradation IV ,
indole-3-acetate degradation V ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VI ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VII ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
inositol pyrophosphates biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
isovitexin and isovitexin glycosides biosynthesis ,
jasmonic acid biosynthesis ,
jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis I ,
jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis II ,
juniperonate biosynthesis ,
justicidin B biosynthesis ,
kaempferol diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific) ,
kaempferol gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
(Kdo)2-lipid A biosynthesis I ,
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA I ,
lactucaxanthin biosynthesis ,
L-alanine biosynthesis II ,
L-alanine biosynthesis III ,
L-alanine degradation III ,
L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate) ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine) ,
L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) ,
L-ascorbate degradation III ,
L-ascorbate degradation IV ,
L-ascorbate degradation V ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis I ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis II ,
L-asparagine degradation II ,
L-aspartate biosynthesis ,
L-aspartate degradation I ,
L-carnitine biosynthesis ,
L-citrulline degradation ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis I ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
leucodelphinidin biosynthesis ,
leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin biosynthesis ,
L-glutamate and L-glutamine biosynthesis ,
L-glutamate biosynthesis I ,
L-glutamate biosynthesis IV ,
L-glutamate biosynthesis V ,
L-glutamate degradation I ,
L-glutamate degradation IV ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis I ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis III ,
L-glutamine degradation I ,
L-histidine biosynthesis ,
L-homocysteine and L-cysteine interconversion ,
L-homoserine biosynthesis ,
linalool biosynthesis I ,
linalool biosynthesis II ,
linear furanocoumarin biosynthesis ,
linustatin bioactivation ,
lipid IVA biosynthesis ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
L-isoleucine degradation I ,
L-leucine biosynthesis ,
L-leucine degradation I ,
L-lysine degradation XI (mammalian) ,
L-methionine biosynthesis II ,
L-methionine degradation II ,
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine) ,
L-Nδ-acetylornithine biosynthesis ,
long-chain fatty acid activation ,
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis III (cytosolic, plants) ,
L-phenylalanine degradation V ,
L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine) ,
L-proline biosynthesis IV ,
L-proline degradation ,
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes) ,
L-serine biosynthesis ,
L-sorbose degradation ,
L-threonine biosynthesis ,
L-tryptophan biosynthesis ,
L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
lupeol biosynthesis ,
lutein biosynthesis ,
luteolin glycosides biosynthesis ,
L-valine biosynthesis ,
L-valine degradation I ,
magnoflorine biosynthesis ,
mannitol biosynthesis ,
mannitol degradation II ,
mannosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases ,
marneral biosynthesis ,
matairesinol biosynthesis ,
melibiose degradation ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methylquercetin biosynthesis ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast) ,
monolignol glucosides biosynthesis ,
monoterpene biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myricetin gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NADH repair ,
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered) ,
neolinustatin bioactivation ,
neophaseic acid biosynthesis ,
neoxanthin biosynthesis ,
nevadensin biosynthesis ,
N-glucosylnicotinate metabolism ,
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
nitric oxide biosynthesis (plants) ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
noscapine biosynthesis ,
octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast) ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
o-diquinones biosynthesis ,
oleanolate biosynthesis ,
oleate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
oligomeric urushiol biosynthesis ,
oxalate biosynthesis ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
oxygenic photosynthesis ,
palmatine biosynthesis ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II (plants and bacteria) ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis III ,
papaverine biosynthesis ,
patchoulol biosynthesis ,
pelargonidin conjugates biosynthesis ,
pelargonidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
pentagalloylglucose biosynthesis ,
pentaketide chromone biosynthesis ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) ,
petroselinate biosynthesis ,
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phenylethanol glycoconjugate biosynthesis ,
phenylethyl acetate biosynthesis ,
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis ,
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions ,
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant) ,
phloridzin biosynthesis ,
phosphate utilization in cell wall regeneration ,
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis IV ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis II (eukaryotes) ,
phospholipases ,
phospholipid desaturation ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast) ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis II ,
photorespiration ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
phytate degradation II ,
phytochromobilin biosynthesis ,
phytol salvage pathway ,
phytyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
pinitol biosynthesis I ,
pinitol biosynthesis II ,
pinolenate and coniferonate biosynthesis ,
pinosylvin metabolism ,
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I ,
plaunotol biosynthesis ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
pluviatolide biosynthesis ,
podophyllotoxin and 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin biosynthesis ,
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
proanthocyanidin biosynthesis from flavanols ,
propanoyl CoA degradation I ,
propanoyl-CoA degradation II ,
protein N-glycosylation (eukaryotic, high mannose) ,
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation ,
protein ubiquitylation ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
pterostilbene biosynthesis ,
punicate biosynthesis ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation I (plants) ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine degradation IV ,
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants) ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
quercetin diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific) ,
quercetin gentiotetraside biosynthesis ,
quercetin glucoside biosynthesis (Allium) ,
quercetin glucoside degradation (Allium) ,
quercetin sulfate biosynthesis ,
raspberry ketone biosynthesis ,
(R)-canadine biosynthesis ,
reactive oxygen species degradation ,
resveratrol biosynthesis ,
ricinine degradation ,
ricinoleate biosynthesis ,
ricinoleate biosynthesis ,
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I ,
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II ,
rubber biosynthesis ,
rutin biosynthesis ,
rutin degradation (plants) ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis IV ,
salidroside biosynthesis ,
salvianin biosynthesis ,
salvigenin biosynthesis ,
sanguinarine and macarpine biosynthesis ,
santalene biosynthesis I ,
sapienate biosynthesis ,
saponin biosynthesis II ,
saponin biosynthesis III ,
saponin biosynthesis IV ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
scopoletin biosynthesis ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
selenate reduction ,
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization I ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization III ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
sesamin biosynthesis ,
sesquiterpenoid phytoalexins biosynthesis ,
shisonin biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
S-methyl-L-methionine cycle ,
soybean saponin I biosynthesis ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermidine hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
spermine and spermidine degradation III ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis ,
stachyose biosynthesis ,
stachyose degradation ,
starch degradation II ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
sterculate biosynthesis ,
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast) ,
steviol biosynthesis ,
steviol glucoside biosynthesis (rebaudioside A biosynthesis) ,
suberin monomers biosynthesis ,
sucrose biosynthesis II ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfite oxidation IV ,
sulfolipid biosynthesis ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathway of 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis (plants) ,
superpathway of acetyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in plants ,
superpathway of Allium flavor precursors ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of branched amino acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C28 brassinosteroid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of carotenoid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of choline biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation ,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis II (plant) ,
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) ,
superpathway of flavones and derivatives biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides degradation (plants) ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of hydrolyzable tannin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds ,
superpathway of jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-citrulline metabolism ,
superpathway of linalool biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-isoleucine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of L-lysine degradation ,
superpathway of L-lysine, L-threonine and L-methionine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of L-serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of L-threonine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes ,
superpathway of phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of purines degradation in plants ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
syringetin biosynthesis ,
t-anethole biosynthesis ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
taxiphyllin bioactivation ,
taxiphyllin biosynthesis ,
TCA cycle II (plants and fungi) ,
terminal O-glycans residues modification ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
ternatin C3 biosynthesis ,
ternatin C5 biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from 3-hydroxybenzoate) ,
tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from benzoate) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (eukaryotes) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thiazole biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
trichloroethylene degradation ,
trigonelline biosynthesis ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA methylation (yeast) ,
tRNA splicing ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-apiose biosynthesis (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis II (from L-arabinose) ,
UDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II ,
umbelliferone biosynthesis ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
unsaturated, even numbered fatty acid β-oxidation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urea cycle ,
urea degradation II ,
ursolate biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
vernolate biosynthesis I ,
vernolate biosynthesis II ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
vestitol and sativan biosynthesis ,
vicianin bioactivation ,
violdelphin biosynthesis ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols) ,
volatile benzenoid biosynthesis I (ester formation) ,
volatile cinnamoic ester biosynthesis ,
volatile esters biosynthesis (during fruit ripening) ,
VTC2 cycle ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
wogonin metabolism ,
wound-induced proteolysis I ,
wybutosine biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
xylogalacturonan biosynthesis ,
xyloglucan biosynthesis ,
yatein biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Sat Aug 29, 2015, biocyc14.