Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Taxon: Proteobacteria

Synonyms: purple photosynthetic bacteria and relatives, purple photosynthetic bacteria, purple non-sulfur bacteria, purple bacteria and relatives, purple bacteria, proteobacteria, proteobacteria

Rank: phylum

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms , Bacteria

Direct sub-taxa of Proteobacteria: Alphaproteobacteria , Betaproteobacteria , delta/epsilon subdivisions , environmental samples , Gammaproteobacteria , unclassified Proteobacteria , Zetaproteobacteria

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:1224


Pathways present in Proteobacteria or one of its sub-taxa (1090).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
(+)-camphor degradation ,
1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2,4-trichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichloroethane degradation ,
1,2-propanediol biosynthesis from lactate (engineered) ,
(1,3)-β-D-xylan degradation ,
1,3-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
1,4-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis II ,
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation ,
2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate degradation ,
2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4,6-trichlorophenol degradation ,
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,4-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2,5-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,6-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to 2-oxopentenoate ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation I ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation II ,
2-aminophenol degradation ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation I ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation II ,
2-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
2'-deoxy-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
2-hydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2-hydroxyphenazine biosynthesis ,
2-isopropylphenol degradation ,
2-keto-L-gulonate biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle I ,
2-methylcitrate cycle II ,
2-methylisoborneol biosynthesis ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation II ,
2-nitrophenol degradation ,
2-nitrotoluene degradation ,
2-O-α-mannosyl-D-glycerate degradation ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
2-oxopentenoate degradation ,
2-propylphenol degradation ,
3,3'-dithiodipropionate degradation ,
3,3'-thiodipropionate degradation ,
3,4,6-trichlorocatechol degradation ,
3,4-dichlorobenzoate degradation ,
3,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
3-(4-sulfophenyl)butyrate degradation ,
3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol degradation ,
3,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation III (via gentisate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation II (via protocatechuate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation I (via chlorocatechol) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation III (meta pathway) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation I (ortho) ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation I ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation II ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
3-methylarginine biosynthesis ,
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis ,
3-methylquinoline degradation ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
3-oxoadipate degradation ,
3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
3-phenylpropionate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate degradation ,
4,4'-diapolycopenedioate biosynthesis ,
4,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate degradation ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation II ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation III ,
4-aminophenol degradation ,
4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetate degradation ,
4-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
4-chlorocatechol degradation ,
4-chloronitrobenzene degradation ,
4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-ethylphenol degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxyacetophenone degradation ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
4-hydroxymandelate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylacetate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage) ,
4-nitrobenzoate degradation ,
4-nitrophenol degradation I ,
4-nitrophenol degradation II ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation I ,
4-sulfocatechol degradation ,
4-toluenecarboxylate degradation ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation I ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation II ,
5,5'-dehydrodivanillate degradation ,
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II ,
5-(carboxymethoxy)uridine biosynthesis ,
5-chloro-3-methyl-catechol degradation ,
5-dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucuronate degradation ,
5-hydroxymethylfurfural degradation ,
5-nitroanthranilate degradation ,
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III ,
acetan biosynthesis ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA I ,
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA) ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
acetoin degradation ,
acetone degradation II (to acetoacetate) ,
acetylene degradation ,
achromobactin biosynthesis ,
acrylate degradation ,
acrylonitrile degradation I ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism I ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adamantanone degradation ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage IV ,
adenine and adenosine salvage V ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation III ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide II ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobalamin ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide II ,
ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
aerobactin biosynthesis ,
agarose degradation ,
alanine biosynthesis I ,
alanine biosynthesis II ,
alanine biosynthesis III ,
alanine degradation I ,
alanine degradation IV ,
alcaligin biosynthesis ,
aldoxime degradation ,
alginate biosynthesis I ,
alginate biosynthesis II ,
alginate degradation ,
allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic) ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis I ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis II ,
aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
ammonia oxidation I (aerobic) ,
ammonia oxidation III ,
ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers) ,
anaerobic aromatic compound degradation (Thauera aromatica) ,
androstenedione degradation ,
anhydromuropeptides recycling ,
aniline degradation ,
anthranilate degradation I (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation II (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation III (anaerobic) ,
arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline) ,
arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine) ,
arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
arginine degradation II (AST pathway) ,
arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway) ,
arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation IX (arginine:pyruvate transaminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway) ,
arginine degradation VIII (arginine oxidase pathway) ,
arginine dependent acid resistance ,
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria) ,
aromatic compounds degradation via β-ketoadipate ,
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin) ,
arsenate reduction (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation II (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory) ,
asparagine biosynthesis I ,
asparagine biosynthesis II ,
asparagine degradation I ,
aspartate biosynthesis ,
aspartate degradation I ,
aspartate superpathway ,
astaxanthin biosynthesis ,
atrazine degradation I (aerobic) ,
aurachin A, B, C and D biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-1 biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis II (Vibrio) ,
bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
benzene degradation ,
benzenesulfonate degradation ,
benzoate degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoate degradation II (aerobic and anaerobic) ,
benzoate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation II (anaerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation III (anaerobic) ,
β-alanine biosynthesis III ,
β-alanine degradation II ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine biosynthesis ,
β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
β myrcene degradation ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin biosynthesis I ,
biotin biosynthesis II ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
bisucaberin biosynthesis ,
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation) ,
caffeine degradation IV (bacteria, via demethylation and oxidation) ,
caffeine degradation V (bacteria, via trimethylurate) ,
(-)-camphor degradation ,
carbazole degradation ,
carbon disulfide oxidation I (anaerobic) ,
carbon disulfide oxidation II (aerobic) ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation I ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation II ,
cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis (Xanthomonas) ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis I ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis III ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation II (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate II ,
catechol degradation to β-ketoadipate ,
CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
CDP-abequose biosynthesis ,
CDP-ascarylose biosynthesis ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III ,
CDP-paratose biosynthesis ,
CDP-tyvelose biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chitin derivatives degradation ,
chitobiose degradation ,
chlorate reduction ,
chlorinated phenols degradation ,
chlorobenzene degradation ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) ,
chlorosalicylate degradation ,
choline degradation I ,
choline degradation III ,
choline-O-sulfate degradation ,
chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial) ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
cinnamate and 3-hydroxycinnamate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
cis-dodecenoyl biosynthesis ,
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
citrate degradation ,
citrate lyase activation ,
citronellol degradation ,
citrulline degradation ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis I ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis II ,
CMP-N-acetyl-7-O-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria) ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
CMP-pseudaminate biosynthesis ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
coenzyme M biosynthesis I ,
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis ,
conversion of succinate to propionate ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
creatinine degradation I ,
creatinine degradation II ,
creatinine degradation III ,
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
curcumin degradation ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyanide degradation ,
cyanophycin metabolism ,
cyanurate degradation ,
cyclohexane-1-carboxylate degradation (anaerobic) ,
cyclohexanol degradation ,
cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis I ,
cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
D-allose degradation ,
D-arabinose degradation I ,
D-arabinose degradation II ,
D-arabitol degradation ,
D-arginine degradation ,
D-carnitine degradation I ,
D-carnitine degradation II ,
dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol degradation ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis III ,
demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
D-fructuronate degradation ,
D-galactarate degradation I ,
D-galactarate degradation II ,
D-galactonate degradation ,
D-galactosamine and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
D-galacturonate degradation I ,
D-galacturonate degradation II ,
D-glucarate degradation I ,
D-glucarate degradation II ,
D-gluconate degradation ,
D-glucosaminate degradation ,
D-glucuronate degradation II ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dibenzofuran degradation ,
dibenzo-p-dioxin degradation ,
diethylphosphate degradation ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation I ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation III (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation II (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfone degradation ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation II (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation III (demethylation) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
diphenylamine degradation ,
di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
D-lactate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transport ,
D-malate degradation ,
D-mannose degradation ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation I ,
D-sorbitol degradation II ,
dTDP-D-β-fucofuranose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis I ,
dTDP-N-acetylthomosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-N-acetylviosamine biosynthesis ,
ectoine biosynthesis ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis ,
enterobactin biosynthesis ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis ,
ethanedisulfonate degradation ,
ethanolamine utilization ,
ethanol degradation I ,
ethylbenzene degradation (anaerobic) ,
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis IV ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
ethylene glycol biosynthesis ,
ethylene glycol degradation ,
ethylmalonyl pathway ,
fatty acid activation ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation III ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
fatty acid salvage ,
Fe(II) oxidation ,
ferulate degradation ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
fluorene degradation II ,
fluoroacetate degradation ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
formaldehyde assimilation II (RuMP Cycle) ,
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway) ,
formaldehyde oxidation I ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation IV (thiol-independent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation V (H4MPT pathway) ,
formate oxidation to CO2 ,
formate reduction to 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate ,
formate to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
formate to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
fructose degradation ,
fructoselysine and psicoselysine degradation ,
fucose degradation ,
furfural degradation ,
galactitol degradation ,
galactose degradation II ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
galena oxidation ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
gallate degradation I ,
gallate degradation II ,
γ-butyrobetaine degradation ,
γ-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation ,
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
gentisate degradation I ,
gentisate degradation II ,
geosmin biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glucose degradation (oxidative) ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate biosynthesis I ,
glutamate biosynthesis III ,
glutamate degradation II ,
glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate) ,
glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate) ,
glutamate dependent acid resistance ,
glutamine biosynthesis I ,
glutamine degradation I ,
glutamine degradation II ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione amide metabolism ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer ,
glycerol and glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation II ,
glycerol degradation III ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria) ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis IV (from glycine) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation I ,
glycogen degradation III ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation I ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation III ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether degradation ,
guanine and guanosine salvage ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
guanylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis III (from siroheme) ,
heme d1 biosynthesis ,
hentriaconta-3,6,9,12,15,19,22,25,28-nonaene biosynthesis ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
histidine biosynthesis ,
histidine degradation I ,
histidine degradation II ,
histidine degradation IV ,
homocysteine biosynthesis ,
homoserine and methionine biosynthesis ,
homoserine biosynthesis ,
homotaurine degradation ,
hopanoid biosynthesis (bacteria) ,
hydrogen oxidation I (aerobic) ,
hydrogen oxidation II (aerobic, NAD) ,
hydrogen oxidation III (anaerobic, NADP) ,
hydrogen production V ,
hydrogen production VI ,
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis I ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
hypotaurine degradation ,
imidazole-lactate degradation ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi) ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VIII (bacterial) ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
ι-carrageenan degradation ,
isethionate degradation ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
isoleucine biosynthesis III ,
isoleucine biosynthesis IV ,
isoleucine degradation I ,
isopropanol biosynthesis ,
isopropylamine degradation ,
itaconate degradation ,
κ-carrageenan degradation ,
(KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis I ,
KDO transfer to lipid IVA I ,
ketogluconate metabolism ,
L-1,2-propanediol degradation ,
lactose degradation II ,
lactose degradation III ,
λ-carrageenan degradation ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-arabinose degradation I ,
L-arabinose degradation III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway) ,
L-ascorbate degradation I (bacterial, anaerobic) ,
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic) ,
L-carnitine degradation I ,
L-carnitine degradation II ,
L-carnitine degradation III ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
leucine biosynthesis ,
leucine degradation I ,
L-galactonate degradation ,
L-glucose degradation ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent) ,
L-idonate degradation ,
limonene degradation III (to perillate) ,
linuron degradation ,
Lipid A-core biosynthesis ,
lipid IVA biosynthesis ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II ,
lipoate salvage I ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (aerobic) ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (anaerobic) ,
L-lyxonate degradation ,
L-lyxose degradation ,
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis for microdiesel production ,
L-rhamnose degradation I ,
L-rhamnose degradation II ,
L-rhamnose degradation III ,
L-serine degradation ,
L-sorbose degradation ,
lysine biosynthesis I ,
lysine biosynthesis III ,
lysine degradation I ,
lysine degradation IV ,
lysine degradation V ,
lysine degradation VI ,
lysine degradation VIII ,
lysine degradation X ,
malonate decarboxylase activation ,
malonate degradation I (biotin-independent) ,
malonate degradation II (biotin-dependent) ,
maltose degradation ,
mandelate degradation I ,
mandelate degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
manganese oxidation I ,
manganese oxidation II ,
mannitol degradation I ,
mannosylfructose biosynthesis ,
m-cresol degradation ,
melamine degradation ,
melibiose degradation ,
menaquinol-6 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis I ,
meta cleavage pathway of aromatic compounds ,
methane oxidation to methanol I ,
methane oxidation to methanol II ,
methanesulfonate degradation ,
methanol and methylamine oxidation to formaldehyde ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde I ,
methionine biosynthesis I ,
methionine degradation II ,
methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
methylamine degradation I ,
methylamine degradation II ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway I ,
methylgallate degradation ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation IV ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methyl parathion degradation ,
methylphosphonate degradation I ,
methylsalicylate degradation ,
methylthiopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
mevalonate degradation ,
mixed acid fermentation ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
muropeptide degradation ,
m-xylene degradation (anaerobic) ,
m-xylene degradation to m-toluate ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol degradation I ,
N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II ,
N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide biosynthesis ,
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NAD biosynthesis III ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transport II ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer II ,
NADH to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
NADH to fumarate electron transfer ,
NADH to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation I ,
NAD salvage pathway I ,
NAD salvage pathway II ,
naphthalene degradation (aerobic) ,
naphthalene degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
N-cyclopropylmelamine degradation ,
neurosporene biosynthesis ,
nicotinate degradation I ,
nicotine degradation II ,
nicotine degradation V ,
nitrate reduction I (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory) ,
nitrifier denitrification ,
nitrilotriacetate degradation ,
nitrite oxidation ,
nitrobenzene degradation I ,
nitrobenzene degradation II ,
nitrogen fixation ,
nitroglycerin degradation ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nopaline degradation ,
norspermidine biosynthesis ,
nostoxanthin biosynthesis ,
nylon-6 oligomer degradation ,
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
octane oxidation ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
octopine degradation ,
oleate β-oxidation ,
orcinol degradation ,
ornithine biosynthesis ,
ornithine degradation I (proline biosynthesis) ,
ornithine lipid biosynthesis ,
orthanilate degradation ,
oxalate degradation II ,
oxalate degradation III ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis I ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
paraoxon degradation ,
parathion degradation ,
p-cumate degradation ,
p-cumate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
p-cymene degradation ,
p-cymene degradation to p-cumate ,
pectin degradation I ,
pectin degradation II ,
pentachlorophenol degradation ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
perchlorate reduction ,
petrobactin biosynthesis ,
phenazine-1-carboxylate biosynthesis ,
phenol degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenol degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis I ,
phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylethylamine degradation I ,
phenylethylamine degradation II ,
phenylmercury acetate degradation ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VI ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VII ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phospholipid biosynthesis I ,
phosphonoacetate degradation ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis (engineered) ,
polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthesis ,
polyhydroxydecanoate biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polymyxin resistance ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
ppGpp biosynthesis ,
preQ0 biosynthesis ,
prodigiosin biosynthesis ,
proline biosynthesis I ,
proline degradation ,
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
propionyl CoA degradation ,
propylene degradation ,
protocatechuate degradation II (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
PRPP biosynthesis II ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
putrebactin biosynthesis ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine degradation I ,
putrescine degradation II ,
putrescine degradation V ,
p-xylene degradation to p-toluate ,
pyochelin biosynthesis ,
pyocyanin biosynthesis ,
pyoverdine I biosynthesis ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III ,
pyrrolnitrin biosynthesis ,
pyrroloquinoline quinone biosynthesis ,
pyrrolysine biosynthesis ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to propionate I ,
pyruvate oxidation pathway ,
queuosine biosynthesis ,
quinate degradation I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis II ,
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis ,
(R)-cysteate degradation ,
reductive TCA cycle I ,
resorcinol degradation ,
rhamnolipid biosynthesis ,
rhizobactin 1021 biosynthesis ,
rhodoquinone-10 biosynthesis ,
ribitol degradation ,
ribose degradation ,
ricinine degradation ,
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S)-acetoin biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate degradation I ,
salicylate degradation II ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
serine biosynthesis ,
shikimate degradation I ,
siroheme amide biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation III ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation IV ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation II ,
sorbitol biosynthesis II ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermidine biosynthesis II ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
spheroidene and spheroidenone biosynthesis ,
spirilloxanthin and 2,2'-diketo-spirilloxanthin biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol degradation ,
stachydrine degradation ,
styrene degradation ,
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer ,
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
sucrose biosynthesis III ,
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase) ,
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction III (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction V (dissimilatory) ,
sulfide oxidation III (sulfur dioxygenase) ,
sulfide oxidation II (sulfide dehydrogenase) ,
sulfide oxidation I (sulfide-quinone reductase) ,
sulfite oxidation II ,
sulfite oxidation III ,
sulfite oxidation I (sulfite oxidoreductase) ,
sulfite oxidation V (SoeABC) ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation I ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation II ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation III ,
sulfoacetate degradation ,
sulfoglycolysis ,
sulfolactate degradation I ,
sulfolactate degradation II ,
sulfolactate degradation III ,
sulfur disproportionation I (anaerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation I (aerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation II (Fe+3-dependent) ,
sulfur oxidation IV (intracellular sulfur) ,
sulfur reduction I ,
sulfur reduction II (via polysulfide) ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acetate utilization and formation ,
superpathway of acrylonitrile degradation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of aerobic toluene degradation ,
superpathway of alanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine and ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of arginine and polyamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine, putrescine, and 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 3-oxoadipate ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of aspartate and asparagine biosynthesis; interconversion of aspartate and asparagine ,
superpathway of atrazine degradation ,
superpathway of bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
superpathway of β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of C1 compounds oxidation to CO2 ,
superpathway of CDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of chorismate metabolism ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of D-glucarate and D-galactarate degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfone degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fucose and rhamnose degradation ,
superpathway of GDP-mannose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of glycerol degradation to 1,3-propanediol ,
superpathway of glycol metabolism and degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass ,
superpathway of glyoxylate bypass and TCA ,
superpathway of guanine and guanosine salvage ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III ,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria) ,
superpathway of hexuronide and hexuronate degradation ,
superpathway of histidine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (transsulfuration) ,
superpathway of methylglyoxal degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylmannosamine and N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of nicotinate degradation ,
superpathway of ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylalanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis III ,
superpathway of purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of quinolone and alkylquinolone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of salicylate degradation ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfate assimilation and cysteine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (phototrophic sulfur bacteria) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Starkeya novella) ,
superpathway of sulfolactate degradation ,
superpathway of sulfur metabolism (Desulfocapsa sulfoexigens) ,
superpathway of taurine degradation ,
superpathway of testosterone and androsterone degradation ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium) ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans) ,
superpathway of threonine metabolism ,
superpathway of trimethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of unsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of vanillin and vanillate degradation ,
syringate degradation ,
taurine degradation I ,
taurine degradation II ,
taurine degradation III ,
taurine degradation IV ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic) ,
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers) ,
TCA cycle VIII (helicobacter) ,
TCA cycle VI (obligate autotrophs) ,
testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione ,
tetrachloroethene degradation ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydromethanopterin biosynthesis ,
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
tetrathionate oxidation ,
tetrathionate reduction I (to thiosulfate) ,
tetrathionate reductiuon II (to trithionate) ,
theophylline degradation ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiamin salvage I ,
thiamin salvage II ,
thiazole biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiocyanate degradation I ,
thiocyanate degradation II ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation II (non thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation I (thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate oxidation III (multienzyme complex) ,
thiosulfate oxidation II (to tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation I (to tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation IV (multienzyme complex) ,
threonine biosynthesis ,
threonine biosynthesis from homoserine ,
threonine degradation I ,
threonine degradation II ,
threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal) ,
threonine degradation IV ,
thymine degradation ,
toluene degradation I (aerobic) (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation III (aerobic) (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation IV (aerobic) (via catechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation to benzoate ,
toluene degradation to benzoyl-CoA (anaerobic) ,
toluene degradation to protocatechuate (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation V (aerobic) (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation VI (anaerobic) ,
trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline degradation ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation II ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
trehalose biosynthesis I ,
trehalose biosynthesis IV ,
trehalose biosynthesis V ,
trehalose degradation II (trehalase) ,
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity) ,
trehalose degradation IV ,
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic) ,
triclosan resistance ,
trimethylamine degradation ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA processing ,
tryptophan biosynthesis ,
tryptophan degradation II (via pyruvate) ,
tryptophan degradation I (via anthranilate) ,
tryptophan degradation IX ,
tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
tryptophan degradation VII (via indole-3-pyruvate) ,
tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway) ,
two-component alkanesulfonate monooxygenase ,
tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
tyrosine degradation I ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-α-D-mannuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-xylose) ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-mannosaminouronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis I (meso-DAP-containing) ,
UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine biosynthesis ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
undecaprenyl-diphosphate-linked di- and trisaccharide biosynthesis ,
undecaprenyl diphosphate-linked heptasaccharide biosynthesis ,
uracil degradation III ,
uracil degradation II (oxidative) ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urate degradation to allantoin II ,
urea degradation I ,
urea degradation II ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
valine biosynthesis ,
valine degradation I ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation I ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation II ,
vibriobactin biosynthesis ,
violacein biosynthesis ,
vitamin B6 degradation ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
xanthan biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
xylitol degradation ,
xylose degradation I ,
yersiniabactin biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin-β-D-diglucoside biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis

Additional pathways which may be present in Proteobacteria and all its sub-taxa (238)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,8-cineole degradation ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation III ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation II (ortho) ,
3-phenylpropionate degradation ,
4-methyl-5(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole salvage (yeast) ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation II ,
(4R)-carveol and (4R)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
(4S)-carveol and (4S)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acrylonitrile degradation II ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria) ,
arsenate detoxification III (mycothiol) ,
arsonoacetate degradation ,
asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent) ,
atrazine degradation II ,
aurachin RE biosynthesis ,
bacillithiol biosynthesis ,
base-degraded thiamin salvage ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
biphenyl degradation ,
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
butirosin biosynthesis ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
CDP-2-glycerol biosynthesis ,
CDP-D-arabitol biosynthesis ,
CDP-D-mannitol biosynthesis ,
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome) ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
cellulose degradation I (cellulosome) ,
cephamycin C biosynthesis ,
cholate degradation (bacteria, anaerobic) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis II (from D-arabinose 5-phosphate) ,
coniferin metabolism ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis/homocysteine degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
daidzin and daidzein degradation ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
deacetylcephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
deethylsimazine degradation ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-allose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-olivose, dTDP-D-oliose and dTDP-D-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-megosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-olivose biosynthesis ,
erythromycin A biosynthesis ,
erythromycin D biosynthesis ,
ethanol degradation II ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
flaviolin dimer and mompain biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis ,
fosfomycin biosynthesis ,
FR-900098 and FR-33289 antibiotics biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
gellan degradation ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
ginsenoside degradation II ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
glucuronoarabinoxylan degradation ,
glutamate biosynthesis II ,
glutamate degradation I ,
glutamate degradation X ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glycerol degradation to butanol ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycocholate metabolism (bacteria) ,
glycogenolysis II ,
glycolysis III (from glucose) ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
heptadecane biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hydrogen production I ,
hydrogen production II ,
hydrogen production III ,
intra-aerobic nitrite reduction ,
isoleucine biosynthesis V ,
isopenicillin N biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
kanosamine biosynthesis I ,
kanosamine biosynthesis II ,
kojibiose degradation ,
lactate biosynthesis (archaea) ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
L-arabinan degradation ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis V ,
L-homophenylalanine biosynthesis ,
limonene degradation I (D-limonene) ,
limonene degradation II (L-limonene) ,
lincomycin biosynthesis ,
linezolid resistance ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus) ,
lipoate salvage II ,
lysine biosynthesis V ,
lysine fermentation to acetate and butyrate ,
mannan degradation ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis II ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde III ,
methionine biosynthesis III ,
methionine degradation I (to homocysteine) ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methylphosphonate degradation II ,
methylthiolincosamide biosynthesis ,
methylthiopropionate degradation II (demethylation) ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
mithramycin biosynthesis ,
mycocyclosin biosynthesis ,
myo-, chiro- and scillo-inositol degradation ,
myo-inositol degradation II ,
NADH repair ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
neomycin biosynthesis ,
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory) ,
oleandomycin activation/inactivation ,
oleandomycin biosynthesis ,
oxalate degradation I ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
oxalate degradation V ,
paromamine biosynthesis II ,
paromomycin biosynthesis ,
pectin degradation III ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phospholipases ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phthalate degradation ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
porphyran degradation ,
protocatechuate degradation III (para-cleavage pathway) ,
pulcherrimin biosynthesis ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetone ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
pyruvate fermentation to propionate II (acrylate pathway) ,
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway ,
reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle ,
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation II (bacteria) ,
rhizocticin A and B biosynthesis ,
ribostamycin biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol degradation ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
salicylate degradation IV ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
selenate reduction ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
serine racemization ,
spermidine biosynthesis III ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals) ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of butirocin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis (without sugar biosynthesis) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation ,
superpathway of hydrogen production ,
superpathway of megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of neomycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
taurine biosynthesis ,
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase) ,
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase) ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
tetramethylpyrazine degradation ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Staphylococcus) ,
thiamin salvage III ,
thiamin salvage IV (yeast) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thiazole biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
triethylamine degradation ,
tryptophan degradation XII (Geobacillus) ,
tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
urea cycle ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
valine degradation II ,
vancomycin resistance I ,
vancomycin resistance II ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
xylose degradation III


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Fri Nov 21, 2014, BIOCYC13B.