Species: Secale cereale
The biosynthesis of luteolin 7-O-[β-D-glucuronosyl-(1,2)-β-D-glucuronide]-4'-O-β-D-glucuronide is carried out by three position specific flavone glucuronosyltransferases namely luteolin 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase (LGT), luteolin 7-O-glucuronide-glucuronosyltransferase (LMT) and luteolin 7-O-diglucuronide-glucuronosyltransferase (LDT). Enzymatic assays using partially purified enzymes from Secale cereale (rye) primary leaves revealed that they are not only position specific but also substrate specific. Further these enzymes did not show significant activity towards UDP-glucose, UDP-galactose, or UDP-xylose as sugar donors. The luteolin 7-O-diglucuronide-glucuronosyltransferase (LDT) was shown to catalyze the glucuronidation of luteolin 7-O-β-D-diglucuronide to form luteolin 7-O-[β-D-glucuronosyl-(1,2)-β-D-glucuronide]-4'-O-β-D-glucuronide [Schulz88]. Using cellular fractionation LMT could be localized to the vacuole [Anhalt92].
Locations: vacuolar lumen
Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 29.0 kD (experimental) [Schulz88 ]
pI: 4.75 [Schulz88]
|Cellular Component:||GO:0005775 - vacuolar lumen [Anhalt92]|
Enzymatic reaction of: luteolin-7-O-diglucuronide 4'-O-glucuronosyltransferase
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
The reaction is favored in the direction shown.
In Pathways: luteolin triglucuronide biosynthesis
T(opt): 40 °C [Schulz88]
pH(opt): 7 [Schulz88]
©2014 SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493