Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Compound: Mn2+

Synonyms: manganese ion, Mn(II), Mn+2, Mn++, manganese (II) ion

Superclasses: an ion a cation

Component of:
manganese sulfate pentahydrate
manganese chloride
MnSO4

Chemical Formula: Mn

Molecular Weight: 54.938 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 54.9380496 Daltons

SMILES: [Mn++]

InChI: InChI=1S/Mn/q+2

InChIKey: InChIKey=WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Unification Links: CAS:7439-96-5 , CAS:16397-91-4 , ChEBI:29035 , ChemSpider:25916 , HMDB:HMDB01333 , IAF1260:33594 , KEGG:C19610 , PubChem:27854

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): -1.2482376 Inferred by computational analysis [Latendresse13]

Reactions known to consume the compound:

manganese oxidation I :
2 Mn2+ + hydrogen peroxide + 2 H+ → 2 Mn+3 + 2 H2O

manganese oxidation II :
4 Mn2+ + oxygen + 4 H+ → 4 Mn+3 + 2 H2O

In Transport reactions:
Mn2+[extracellular space] + ATP + H2O ↔ Mn2+[cytosol] + ADP + phosphate + H+ ,
Mn2+[cytosol]Mn2+[periplasmic space] ,
Mn2+[periplasmic space]Mn2+[cytosol] ,
Mn2+[periplasmic space] + H+[periplasmic space]Mn2+[cytosol] + H+[cytosol]

Enzymes activated by Mn2+, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Allosteric) of: L-fucose isomerase [Boulter73] , saturated archaetidylserine synthase [Morii03] , dimethylallyltranstransferase [Chen93a] , ω,E,E-farnesyl diphosphate synthase [Chen93a] , ω,E,E,E-geranyl-geranyl diphosphate synthase [Chen93a] , pseudaminic acid synthetase [Chou05] , phosphatidylserine synthase [Okada94] , unsaturated archaetidylserine synthase [Morii03] , phosphoglycerol geranylgeranyltransferase [Chen93b] , UDP-glucose:tetrahydrobiopterin glucosyltransferase [Chung00a] , α-D-glucose-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [Thorson94] , (R)-citramalyl-CoA lyase [Friedmann07] , malyl-CoA lyase [Meister05] , phosphomannose isomerase [Shinabarger91] , GDP-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase [Shinabarger91] , 2-nitrobenzoate nitroreductase [Iwaki07] , 2-nitrophenol 2-monooxygenase [Zeyer88] , inositol-1-phosphate synthase [Chen00c] , glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [Park93] , diacetyl reductase [Takusagawa01] , pyruvate carboxylase [Mukhopadhyay00b] , carnitine monooxygenase [Ditullio94] , α-acetolactate decarboxylase [Phalip94] , arginase [Ikemoto89] , 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase [vanderOost02] , D-arabinose isomerase [Boulter73] , N-methylhydantoin amidohydrolase [Ogawa95a] , nitrite-cytochrome c oxidoreductase [Tanaka83] , pyruvate kinase [Schramm00] , glucose dehydrogenase [Bonete96] , GDP-glucose trehalose-6-phosphate synthase [Elbein68] , glucokinase [Porter82] , β-phosphoglucomutase [Belocopitow74] , glucokinase [Hansen03] , (S)-acetoin reductase [(S,S)-2,3-butanediol forming] [Takusagawa01] , F420-0-glutamyl ligase [Li03e] , F420-1:γ-glutamyl ligase [Li03e] , γ-F420-2:α-L-glutamate ligase [Li03a] , arginase [Schrell89] , cob(I)yrinic acid a,c-diamide adenosyltransferase [Suh95] , UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanine--D-glutamate ligase [Nathenson64] , 4-ureido-5-imidazolecarboxylate amidohydrolase [Rabinowitz56a] , pyruvate kinase [Abbe83] , tartrate dehydrogenase [Kohn68] , D-xylose isomerase [Kawai94] , 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase [Powlowski93]

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: D-altronate dehydratase [Dreyer87] , glutaminase B [Prusiner76] , D-mannonate oxidoreductase [Portalier72a] , D-mannonate dehydratase [RobertBaudouy73, Dreyer87] , adenosylmethionine decarboxylase [Lu07] , threonine dehydrogenase [Comment 1] , proline aminopeptidase [Yoshimoto89] , cysteinylglycine dipeptidase [Suzuki01a] , polyphosphate kinase [Ahn90, Haeusler92, Comment 2] , cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase [Lacey10] , 3-benzyl-3,6 -bis(cysteinylglycine)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-diketopiperazine dipeptidase [Scharf13] , 1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxynaphthalene monooxygenase (quinone-forming) [Funa05] , 5'-demethoxy-6-methoxypodophyllotoxin 7-O-glucosyltransferase [Berim08] , 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin 7-O-glucosyltransferase [Berim08] , podophyllotoxin 7-O-glucosyltransferase [Berim08] , maleylpyruvate hydrolase [Liu13c] , cyanidin 3-O-glucoside 6"-O-rhamnosyltransferase [Kamsteeg80] , delphinidin 3-O-glucoside 6"-O-rhamnosyltransferase [Kamsteeg80] , 1,4-β-mannanase [Kawaguchi14] , (4R)-limonene synthase [Bouwmeester98] , synephrine dehydratase [Manne86] , NADH kinase [Shi05d] , NAD(+) kinase [Shi05d] , NADH kinase [Kawai01a] , NAD(+) kinase [Kawai01a] , saturated archaetidylinositol phosphate synthase [Morii09] , phosphoenolpyruvate phosphatase [Veljanovski06] , geraniol synthase [Iijima04] , hydroxyanthraquinone oxidative coupling protein [Bais03] , UDPG:ginsenoside Rd glucosyltransferase [Yue05] , [BtrI acyl-carrier protein]--L-glutamate ligase [Li05c] , 4-amino butanoyl-[BtrI acyl-carrier protein]--L-glutamate ligase [Li05c] , D-xylulose-5-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [Wang12d] , trehalose-6-phosphate synthase [Chaudhuri09] , farnesoic acid carboxyl methyltransferase [Yang06d] , exotrigalacturonate lyase [Shevchik99] , digalacturonate lyase [Shevchik99] , peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase [Barrett05] , diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , bis(diphospho)inositol tetrakisphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , adenosine tetraphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , adenosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , diadenosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , diadenosine hexaphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , diadenosine hexaphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , diadenosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , adenosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , adenosine tetraphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate phosphohydrolase [Leslie02] , guanine deaminase [Yuan99] , phosphatidylinositol synthase [Antonsson94] , phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase [Volinia95] , unsaturated archaetidylinositol phosphate synthase [Morii09] , 2-phosphinomethylmalate synthase [Shimotohno88] , carboxyphosphonoenolpyruvate phosphonomutase [Hidaka90] , homogalacturonan methyltransferase [Goubet99] , imidazoleglycerolphosphate dehydratase [Tada95] , fagopyritol B1 synthase [Ueda05] , fagopyritol A1 synthase [Ueda05] , galactinol synthase [Ueda05] , UDP-galactose:myo-inositol 3-α-D-galactosyltransferase [Ueda05] , fagopyritol synthase [Ueda05] , 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate-9-phosphate synthase [Angata99] , vitexin β-glucosyltransferase [Heinsbroek80] , streptomycin 6-kinase [Sugiyama83] , 3-hydroxymethylcephem O-carbamoyltransferase [Brewer80] , histidinol dehydrogenase [Nagai91] , glucuronokinase [Neufeld59] , glycerol dehydrogenase [Daniel95a] , feruloyl-CoA:tyramine N-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase [Hohlfeld95] , 1,3-propanediol dehydrogenase [VeigadaCunha92] , 1,3-propanediol dehydrogenase [VeigadaCunha92] , 1,3-propanediol dehydrogenase [Daniel95] , acetylpyruvate hydrolase [Davey75] , DL-methylmalonyl-CoA racemase [Stabler85] , UDP-D-glucose pyrophosphorylase [Kotake04] , UDP-L-arabinose pyrophosphorylase [Kotake04] , mandelate racemase [WeilMalherbe66] , 1,3-propanediol dehydrogenase [Johnson87] , galactokinase [Dey83] , amorpha-4,11-diene synthase [Mercke00] , 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase [Rohdich00a] , tyrosine 3-monooxygenase [Yamamoto01b] , cis-4-hydroxy-D-proline dehydrogenase [Yoneya61] , D-galactonate dehydratase [Szumilo81] , arabinose kinase [Neufeld60] , UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase [Szumilo96] , pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside-6''-O-rhamnosyltransferase [Kamsteeg80] , 3-keto-5-aminohexanoate cleavage enzyme [Yorifuji77] , myo-inosose-2 dehydratase [Berman66] , caffeoyl-CoA:delphinidin-3,5-diglucoside 5-O-glucoside-6-O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase [Fujiwara97] , caffeoyl-CoA:delphinidin-3,5,3'-triglucoside 5-O-glucoside-6-O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase [Fujiwara97] , galactinol synthase [Liu95b] , 2-ketogluconokinase [NARROD56]

Enzymes inhibited by Mn2+, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Competitive) of: L-lysine monooxygenase [Nakazawa72] , glycine formimidoyltransferase [Uyeda65]

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: phosphoglucomutase [Joshi64] , imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase [Klem93] , methylmalonyl-CoA mutase [Bobik03] , glutaminase [Brown08] , glutaminase [Brown08] , N-acetylglutamylphosphate reductase [Vogel74] , D-glucarate dehydratase [Comment 3] , D-aminopropanol dehydrogenase [Kelley84, Campbell78] , Rnase [Goedken01] , biotin sulfoxide reductase [Del79] , diacylglycerol pyrophosphate phosphatase [Dillon96] , L-α-amino acid ligase [Kino10] , L-α-amino acid ligase [Kino10] , L-α-amino acid ligase [Kino09] , L-α-amino acid ligase [Kino09] , cellobiose 2-epimerase [Taguchi08] , dihydropterin oxidase [Unnasch82] , GTP cyclohydrolase [Weisberg86] , glycerophosphocholine cholinephosphodiesterase [Sugimori13] , UDP-glucose:cyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase [Ogata98] , 3,7,4'-trimethylquercetagetin 6-O-methyltransferase [De85] , 3,7-dimethylquercetagetin 6-O-methyltransferase [De85] , 3,7,3'-methylquercetagetin 6-O-methyltransferase [De85] , 7'-O-demethylcephaeline 7'-O-methyltransferase [Cheong11] , omega-hydroxypalmitate O-feruloyl transferase [Rautengarten12] , thiobenzoate-S-methyltransferase [Zhao12a] , fumigaclavine A dimethylallyltransferase [Unsold06] , o-dihydric phenol O-methyltransferase (para-methylation) [Tsang79] , esculetin 6-O-methyltransferase (meta-methylation) [Tsang79] , phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate lipase C [Melin92] , 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase [Orii06] , 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase [Orii06] , 2-amino-5-carboxymuconic 6-semialdehyde deaminase [Orii04] , 3-phosphonopyruvate hydrolase [Kulakova03] , poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase [Handrick01] , phosphatidate phosphatase [Wu96] , putrescine N-methyltransferase [Hibi92] , inositolphosphorylceramide synthase [Bromley03] , UDP-glucose:acetone cyanohydrin β-glucosyltransferase [Hahlbrock70] , homogalacturonan methyltransferase [Goubet99] , 2-aminophenol 1,6-dioxygenase [Takenaka97] , ε-N-trimethyllysine hydroxylase [Sachan80] , indole-3-acetate carboxyl methyltransferase [Zhao07b] , iminodiacetate dehydrogenase [Uetz93] , carboxynorspermidine decarboxylase [Nakao90] , tetrahydroprotoberberine cis-N-methyltransferase [Liscombe07] , desoxyhemigossypol-6-O-methyltransferase [Liu99] , deacetoxycephalosporin C hydroxylase [Baker91] , deacetoxycephalosporin C hydroxylase [Dotzlaf87] , deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase [Dotzlaf87] , isopenicillin N synthase [Castro88] , S-adenosyl-L-methionine:norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase [Sato94] , 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate hydrolase [Kersten82] , pyruvic oxime dioxygenase [Ono96] , L-lysine-α-ketoglutarate reductase [Hutzler75] , phospho-β-galactosidase [Hengstenberg70] , lysine N6-acetyltransferase [Bode93] , L-lactate dehydrogenase [Wrba90a] , L-carnitine dehydrogenase [Mori88] , adenylosuccinate synthetase [Ryzhova98] , S-adenosyl-L-methionine: coclaurine N-methyltransferase [Choi01] , choline dehydrogenase [Nagasawa76] , S-adenosyl-L-methionine:isoeugenol-O-methyltransferase [Wang98h] , S-adenosyl-L-methionine:eugenol-O-methyltransferase [Wang98h] , UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase [Harper02] , methenyl-H4MPT cyclohydrolase [DiMarco86] , DIMBOA-glucoside 4-O-methyltransferase [Oikawa02] , 1-sucrose:sucrose fructosyltransferase [Koops96] , pectin methyltransferase [Ishikawa00] , 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate hydrolase [Maruyama83] , S-adenosyl-L-methionine: (S)-scoulerine-9-O-methyltransferase [Sato93] , naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase [Rakwal00] , Δ1-piperideine-2-carboxylate reductase [Payton82] , L-sorbosone dehydrogenase [Asakura99] , glutamate synthase [Schreier84] , L-lysine:pyruvate aminotransferase [Schmidt87a] , α-D-galactosyl-(1-3)-1D-myo-inositol:raffinose galactosyltransferase [Peterbauer98] , α-D-galactosyl-(1-3)-1D-myo-inositol:raffinose galactosyltransferase [Gaudreault81]

Inhibitor (Other types) of: xylan 1,3-β-xylosidase [Umemoto08] , β-alanine amide amidase [Komeda04] , cobinamide adenosyltransferase [Buan06] , geranylgeranyl diphosphate diphosphatase [Nualkaew06] , raffinose synthase [Lehle73]

This compound has been characterized as a cofactor or prosthetic group of the following enzymes: 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase , histidinol dehydrogenase , histidinal dehydrogenase , 3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase , xylose isomerase , L-ascorbate 6-phosphate lactonase , 5-phospho-α-D-ribosyl 1,2-cyclic phosphate phosphodiesterase , L-arabinose isomerase , 2-keto-3-deoxygluconokinase , 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate synthase , acyl carrier protein phosphodiesterase , glutamine synthetase , guanosine-3',5'-bis(diphosphate) 3'-diphosphatase , α-D-ribose 1,5-phosphomutase , deoxyribose 1,5-phosphomutase , L-rhamnose isomerase , α-galactosidase , D-arabinose isomerase , L-fucose isomerase , agmatinase , coproporphyrinogen III oxidase , isocitrate dehydrogenase , allantoate amidohydrolase , S-ureidoglycine aminohydrolase , 2-oxopent-4-enoate hydratase , phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase , peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase , UDP-N-acetylmuramate-alanine ligase , transketolase , transketolase , 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase , fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase , fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase , 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase , 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase , 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate synthase , malate dehydrogenase, NAD-requiring , malate dehydrogenase , superoxide dismutase , tRNA nucleotidyltransferase , adenine deaminase , aminopeptidase , NADH pyrophosphatase , proline aminopeptidase , pyrimidine nucleotidase , Rnase , RNase , 3' to 5' proofreading exonuclease , 2-deoxyglucose-6-phosphatase , RNase T exonuclease , oligoribonuclease , phosphoglycerol transferase , phosphoglycerol transferase , examinopeptidase , ThDP adenylyl transferase , dGMP 5'-phosphate phosphohydrolase , cytidine 3'-phosphate phosphohydrolase , adenosine 3'-phosphate phosphohydrolase , 3'-nucleotidase , 5'-nucleotidase , RNA 3'-terminal phosphate cyclase , diacylglycerol kinase , p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate hydrolase , ribonuclease , RNA ligase , protein kinase , 8-oxo-dGTP diphosphatase , phenylhydantoinase , phosphodiesterase, c-di-GMP-specific , glutamine synthetase deadenylase , 6-phospho-β-D-glucosyl-(1,4)-D-glucose glucohydrolase , monoacetylchitobiose-6-phosphate hydrolase , Cys-Gly metallodipeptidase , undecaprenyldiphospho-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-β-galactosyltransferase , 7-O-acetyl-N-acetylneuraminate synthase , 3-sulfinopropionyl-CoA synthetase , succinyl-CoA synthetase (ADP-forming) , acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase , 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase , CDP-ethanolamine:ceramide ethanolamine phosphotransferase , NAD+-dependent malate dehydrogenase , oxaloacetate decarboxylase , phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) , pyruvate kinase , GDP-Fuc:β-D-Gal-1,3-α-D-GalNAc-1,3-α-GalNAc-diphosphoundecaprenol α-1,2-fucosyltransferase , UDP-Gal:α-D-GalNAc-1,3-α-D-GalNAc-diphosphoundecaprenol β-1,3-galactosyltransferase , L-noviosyl transferase , α-glucuronidase , D-psicose 3-epimerase , D-psicose 3-epimerase , D-tagatose 3-epimerase , scyllo-inosose epimerase/isomerase , nucleoside triphosphate phosphatase , thiamine diphosphate phosphatase , UTP phosphatase , ADP phosphatase , CTP diphosphatase , ATP phosphatase , 3-amino-4-hydroxybenzoic acid synthase , malic enzyme (NAD) , (+)-germacrene D synthase , patchoulol synthase , β-farnesene synthase , 5-nitroanthranilate aminohydrolase , (+)-camphor 6-exo-hydroxylase , chitin synthase , lipoamidase , hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase , phosphoenolpyruvate mutase , UDP phosphatase , CTP triphosphatase , CDP-diacylglycerol:myo-inositol phosphatidyltransferase , phosphoprotein phosphatase , glucan 1,3-β-glucosidase , rhamnogalacturonan exolyase , cyclodextrin glucanotransferase , rhamnogalacturonan endolyase , β-methylmalyl-CoA lyase , (S)-malyl-CoA lyase , 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-rhamnoate aldolase , oxaloacetate acetylhydrolase , oxalate decarboxylase , oxalate oxidase , protein-S-thiocysteine sulfate hydrolase , 3-O-α-D-mannopyranosyl-α-D-mannopyranose xylosylphosphotransferase , D-erythro-3-hydroxyaspartate aldolase , D-threo-3-hydroxyaspartate aldolase , D-threo-3-hydroxyaspartate ammonia-lyase , FAD-AMP lyase (cyclizing) , adenine deaminase , glucuronosyl-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase , N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase , glucuronosyl-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase , N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase , galactosylxylosylprotein 3-β-galactosyltransferase , UDP-galactose:β-xylose β-1,4-galactosyltransferase , UDP-D-xylose:β-D-glucoside α-1,3-D-xylosyltransferase , allantoate amidohydrolase , ureidoglycine aminohydrolase , D-arabitol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase , 3-dehydroshikimate dehydratase , 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase , 2-chloro-4-fluoromuconate cycloisomerase , 2-fluoromuconate cycloisomerase , 2-chloromuconate cycloisomerase , cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetylneuraminate synthetase , N-acetylneuraminate synthase , cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetylneuraminate synthetase , N-acetylneuraminate 9-phosphate synthase , (+)-5-chloromuconolactone lyase (decyclizing) , kanosamine 6-kinase , dTDP-L-dihydrostreptose:streatidine-6-phosphate dihydrostreptosyltransferase , ATP:inosamime phosphotransferase , NAD-dependent ATP dehydrogenase , cis-1,4-polyisoprene:isopentenyl-diphosphate cis-1,4-isoprenetransferase , 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate synthase , O-succinylbenzoate synthase , allantoate amidohydrolase , ureidoglycolate lyase , allantoate amidohydrolase , allantoicase , (R)-linalool synthase , acetone carboxylase , gluconolactonase , 2-methyl-3-hydroxypyridine-4,5-dicarboxylate 4-decarboxylase , β-phosphoglucomutase , β-phosphoglucomutase , geraniol synthase , muconate cycloisomerase , 2-(2'-methylthio)ethylmalate synthase , cardiolipin synthase , phosphatidylglycerolphosphate synthase , phosphatidylglycerolphosphate synthase , CDP-diacylglycerol glycerol-3-phosphate 3-phosphatidyltransferase , 4-hydroxyglutamate transaminase , p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate oxidase , malate synthase , isocitrate lyase , α-ketobutyrate synthase , 2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate dehydratase , 2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylvalerate hydro-lyase , allantoate amidohydrolase , ureidoglycolate urea-lyase , indole-3-acetyl-ala hydrolase , ureidoglycolate amidohydrolase , arginase , agmatinase , indole-3-acetyl-ala hydrolase , indole-3-acetyl-leu hydrolase , ATP-citrate lyase , enolase , acetate kinase , benzoate-CoA ligase , 4-carboxy-4-hydroxy-2-oxoadipate aldolase , 3-hydroxybenzoate-Coenzyme A ligase , hexulose-6-phosphate synthase , arginase , ATP synthase , 3-dehydroquinate synthase , formiminoglutamate formiminohydrolase , acetate kinase , creatininase , nicotineamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase , ADP-dependent phosphofructokinase , ADP-dependent glucokinase , UDP-α-D-glucose:glycogenin α-D-glucosyltransferase , UDP-α-D-glucose:glucosyl-glycogenin α-D-glucosyltransferase , S-adenosylmethionine synthetase , L-arginine decarboxyoxidase , 2-oxoarginine decarboxylase , guanidinobutyrase , guanidinobutyrase , arginase


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