MetaCyc Compound Class: a polysaccharide

Superclasses: all carbohydratesa carbohydratea glycan

a polysaccharide compound structure

Child Classes: 4-deoxy-α-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranoside (0), a (1,4)-α-D-galacturonan methyl ester (0), a branching glycogen (0), a feruloyl-polysaccharide (0), a fructan (9), a galactan (25), a galactogen (0), a galacturonan (2), a glucan (14), a glucuronan (0), a large-branched glucan (0), a lipopolysaccharide (45), a mannan (1), a polymannuronate (0), a polysialic acid (0), a structural polysaccharide (5), a sulfated polysaccharide (0), an arabinan (2), an arabinogalactan (5), an exopolysaccharide (5), an exposed unphosphorylated, (α-1,6)-branched malto-oligosaccharide tail on amylopectin (0), an exposed unphosphorylated, unbranched malto-oligosaccharide tail on amylopectin (0), an O-antigen (0), an oligosaccharide with 4-deoxy-6-O-methyl-α-D-galact-4-enuronate end (0), carboxymethyl cellulose (0), gellan (1), hemicellulose (4), heteroglycan (0), polysaccharides containing a terminal α-L-guluronate group (0), polysaccharides containing β-D-mannuronate residues (0), ulvan (0), [D-GlcA-β-(1→4)-2-O-Ac-D-GlcA-β-(1→4)-D-Glc-β-(1→4)-[3-O-CH3-CH2CH(OH)C(O)-D-Gal-β-(1→3)-D-Glc-β-(1→4)-D-Glc-β-(1→4)-D-Glc-β-(1→6)]-2-O-Ac-D-Glc-α-(1→4)]n (0)

SMILES: [a polysaccharideH]

Unification Links: KEGG:C00420

Reactions known to consume the compound:

cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome) :
a feruloyl-polysaccharide + H2O → ferulate + a polysaccharide + H+


Goudsmit65: Goudsmit, E.M., Ashwell, G. (1965). "Enzymatic synthesis of galactogen in the snail Helix pomatia." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 19;417-22. PMID: 14338985

Goudsmit89: Goudsmit EM, Ketchum PA, Grossens MK, Blake DA (1989). "Biosynthesis of galactogen: identification of a beta-(1----6)-D-galactosyltransferase in Helix pomatia albumen glands." Biochim Biophys Acta 992(3);289-97. PMID: 2505854

Grainger52: Grainger, JN, Shilitoe, AJ (1952). "Histochemical observations on galactogen." Stain Technol 27(2);81-5. PMID: 14931082

Kotting09: Kotting O, Santelia D, Edner C, Eicke S, Marthaler T, Gentry MS, Comparot-Moss S, Chen J, Smith AM, Steup M, Ritte G, Zeeman SC (2009). "STARCH-EXCESS4 is a laforin-like Phosphoglucan phosphatase required for starch degradation in Arabidopsis thaliana." Plant Cell 21(1);334-46. PMID: 19141707

Lahaye07: Lahaye M, Robic A (2007). "Structure and functional properties of ulvan, a polysaccharide from green seaweeds." Biomacromolecules 8(6);1765-74. PMID: 17458931

Lahaye96: Lahaye M, Ray B (1996). "Cell-wall polysaccharides from the marine green alga Ulva "rigida" (Ulvales, Chlorophyta)--NMR analysis of ulvan oligosaccharides." Carbohydr Res 283;161-73. PMID: 8901268

Lahaye97: Lahaye M, Brunel M, Bonnin E (1997). "Fine chemical structure analysis of oligosaccharides produced by an ulvan-lyase degradation of the water-soluble cell-wall polysaccharides from Ulva sp, (Ulvales, Chlorophyta)." Carbohydr Res 304(3-4);325-33. PMID: 9468631

Lerouge02: Lerouge I, Vanderleyden J (2002). "O-antigen structural variation: mechanisms and possible roles in animal/plant-microbe interactions." FEMS Microbiol Rev 26(1);17-47. PMID: 12007641

Quemener97: Quemener B, Lahaye M, Bobin-Dubigeon C (1997). "Sugar determination in ulvans by a chemical-enzymatic method coupled to high performance anion exchange chromatography." Journal of Applied Phycology 9(2);179-188.

Reid95: Reid, J.S.G., Edwards, M.E. (1995). "Galactomannans and other cell wall storage polysaccharides in seeds." In: Stephen AM (ed), Food polysaccharides and their applications. Marcel Dekker, New York, p. 155-186.

Robic08: Robic A, Sassi J F, Lahaye M (2008). "Impact of stabilization treatments of the green seaweed Ulva rotundata (Chlorophyta) on the extraction yield, the physico-chemical and rheological properties of ulvan." Carbohydrate Polymers 74(3);344-352.

Robic09: Robic A, Rondeau-Mouro C, Sassi J F, Lerat Y, Lahaye M (2009). "Structure and interactions of ulvan in the cell wall of the marine green algae Ulva rotundata (Ulvales, Chlorophyceae)." Carbohydrate Polymers 77(2);206-216.

Robic09a: Robic A, Sassi JF, Dion P, Lerat Y, Lahaye M (2009). "Seasonal variability of physicochemical and rheological properties of ulvan in two ulva species (chlorophyta) from the brittany coast." Journal of Phycology 45(4);962-973.

Truus06: Truus, K., Tuvikene, R., Vaher, M., Kailas, T., Toomik, P., Pehk, T. (2006). "Structural and compositional characteristics of gelling galactan from the red alga Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis (Ahnfeltiales, the Sea of Japan)." Carbohydrate Polymers 63:130-135.

Zeeman10: Zeeman SC, Kossmann J, Smith AM (2010). "Starch: its metabolism, evolution, and biotechnological modification in plants." Annu Rev Plant Biol 61;209-34. PMID: 20192737

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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