Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0055114 - oxidation-reduction process

Synonyms: oxidation reduction, oxidoreductase process

Definition: A metabolic process that results in the removal or addition of one or more electrons to or from a substance, with or without the concomitant removal or addition of a proton or protons.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044710 - single-organism metabolic process

Child Classes:
GO:0006069 - ethanol oxidation (1) ,
GO:0006150 - hypoxanthine oxidation (1) ,
GO:0006740 - NADPH regeneration (19) ,
GO:0015944 - formate oxidation (1) ,
GO:0015980 - energy derivation by oxidation of organic compounds (99) ,
GO:0019419 - sulfate reduction (2) ,
GO:0019480 - L-alanine oxidation to pyruvate via D-alanine (1) ,
GO:0019516 - lactate oxidation (2) ,
GO:0022900 - electron transport chain (47) ,
GO:0034440 - lipid oxidation (19) ,
GO:0070989 - oxidative demethylation (1)

Term Members:
aldehyde dehydrogenase ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbDreduced ,
thioredoxin 1 (trxA) ,
reduced thioredoxin 2 (trxC) ,
reduced glutaredoxin 1 (grxA) ,
reduced ferredoxin (fdx) ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase, Fe-S subunit (yagT) ,
flavorubredoxin (norV) ,
quinol monooxygenase (ygiN) ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbBreduced ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase: molybdenum cofactor-binding subunit (yagR) ,
flavin reductase (rutF) ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase, FAD-binding subunit (yagS) ,
fused predicted xanthine/hypoxanthine oxidase: molybdopterin-binding subunit and Fe-S binding subunit (xdhD) ,
Fcl ,
Ugd ,
L-galactonate oxidoreductase (lgoD) ,
LeuB ,
Asd ,
4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate reductase (dapB) ,
5-keto-D-gluconate 5-reductase (idnO) ,
L-idonate 5-dehydrogenase (idnD) ,
HisD ,
GdhA ,
glutamate synthase, small subunit (gltD) ,
glutamate synthase, large subunit (gltB) ,
dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, type 2 (pyrD) ,
2-octaprenyl-3-methyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone hydroxylase (ubiF) ,
2-octaprenyl-6-methoxyphenol hydroxylase (ubiH) ,
2-octaprenylphenol hydroxylase (ubiI) ,
3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase monomer (ubiD) ,
NADPH-dependent curcumin/dihydrocurcumin reductase subunit (curA) ,
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpsA) ,
choline dehydrogenase (betA) ,
BetB ,
2,3-diketo-L-gulonate reductase monomer (yiaK) ,
glycolate oxidase, predicted iron-sulfur subunit (glcF) ,
glycolate oxidase, predicted FAD-binding subunit (glcE) ,
glycolate oxidase, predicted FAD-linked subunit (glcD) ,
tartronate semialdehyde reductase 2 (glxR) ,
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (mhpF) ,
GlpD ,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit C (glpC) ,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit B (glpB) ,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit A (glpA) ,
altronate oxidoreductase (uxaB) ,
7-cyano-7-deazaguanine reductase (queF) ,
epoxyqueuosine reductase (queG) ,
TyrA ,
quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (gcd) ,
acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadE) ,
predicted enoyl-CoA reductase (ydiO) ,
FadJ monomer ,
α-galactosidase monomer (melA) ,
D-mannonate oxidoreductase (uxuB) ,
galactitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (gatD) ,
SrlD ,
mannitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase (mtlD) ,
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, α subunit (pntA) ,
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, β subunit (pntB) ,
HemA ,
predicted malonic semialdehyde reductase (rutE) ,
N-acetylglutamylphosphate reductase (argC) ,
ThrA ,
MetL ,
lipoate synthase monomer (lipA) ,
coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (hemF) ,
coproporphyrinogen III dehydrogenase (hemN) ,
HemG ,
CysG ,
Tdh ,
L-threonine dehydrogenase (yiaY) ,
Sad ,
GabD ,
FeaB ,
xanthine dehydrogenase, Fe-S subunit (xdhC) ,
xanthine dehydrogenase subunit, FAD-binding domain (xdhB) ,
xanthine dehydrogenase subunit (xdhA) ,
GuaB ,
malate dehydrogenase (mdh) ,
Icd ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhC (sdhD) ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhC ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, iron-sulfur cluster binding protein (sdhB) ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, FAD binding protein (sdhA) ,
malate:quinone oxidoreductase (mqo) ,
CysH ,
PdxH ,
Epd ,
erythronate-4-phosphate dehydrogenase (pdxB) ,
PdxA ,
ureidoglycolate dehydrogenase (allD) ,
FrmA ,
UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase (murB) ,
glucose 6-phosphate-1-dehydrogenase (zwf) ,
Gnd ,
γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (patD) ,
γ-glutamylputrescine oxidase (puuB) ,
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-A monomer (gapA) ,
tartronate semialdehyde reductase (garR) ,
AldA ,
L-lactate dehydrogenase (lldD) ,
EntA ,
RffD ,
shikimate dehydrogenase (aroE) ,
3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabG) ,
dihydrofolate reductase ,
dihydromonapterin reductase / dihydrofolate reductase (folM) ,
3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NAD+) (paaH) ,
ring 1,2-phenylacetyl-CoA epoxidase, monooxygenase subunit (paaA) ,
ring 1,2-phenylacetyl-CoA epoxidase, reductase subunit (paaE) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, α subunit (hcaE) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, β subunit (hcaF) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, predicted ferredoxin reductase subunit (hcaD) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, predicted ferredoxin subunit (hcaC) ,
3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propionate dioxygenase monomer (mhpB) ,
2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrophenylpropionate dehydrogenase (hcaB) ,
3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate 2-hydroxylase (mhpA) ,
NAD(P)H-dependent FMN reductase (ssuE) ,
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (metF) ,
FolD ,
2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase (panE) ,
IlvC ,
Dxr ,
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase (ispH) ,
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate synthase (ispG) ,
malate dehydrogenase, NAD-requiring (maeA) ,
MaeB ,
arsenate reductase (arsC) ,
fused UDP-L-Ara4N formyltransferase and UDP-GlcA C-4''-decarboxylase (arnA) ,
E3 monomer (lpd) ,
subunit of E1(0) component of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (sucA) ,
glycine decarboxylase (gcvP) ,
AceF ,
subunit of E1p component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (aceE) ,
D-lactate dehydrogenase - fermentative (ldhA) ,
fumarate reductase iron-sulfur protein (frdB) ,
fumarate reductase flavoprotein (frdA) ,
thioredoxin reductase monomer (trxB) ,
glutathione reductase (NADPH) (gor) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit III (cyoC) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit I (cyoB) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit II (cyoA) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit IV (cyoD) ,
formate dehydrogenase N, γ subunit (fdnI) ,
formate dehydrogenase N, β subunit (fdnH) ,
formate dehydrogenase N, α subunit (fdnG) ,
formate dehydrogenase-O, γ subunit (fdoI) ,
formate dehydrogenase-O, β subunit (fdoH) ,
formate dehydrogenase-O, α subunit (fdoG) ,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase III, c-type cytochrome subunit (torY) ,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase III, TorZ subunit ,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, catalytic subunit (torA) ,
TorC trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, cytochrome c-type subunit ,
taurine dioxygenase monomer (tauD) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain C (dmsC) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain B (dmsB) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain A (dmsA) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain B (nuoB) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain CD (nuoC) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain I (nuoI) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain E (nuoE) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain F (nuoF) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain G (nuoG) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit N (nuoN) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit M (nuoM) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit L (nuoL) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit K (nuoK) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit J (nuoJ) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit H (nuoH) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit A (nuoA) ,
L-1,2-propanediol oxidoreductase (fucO) ,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase - CydX subunit ,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit II (cydB) ,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit I (cydA) ,
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit II (appB) ,
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit I (appC) ,
D-lactate dehydrogenase (dld) ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase (astD) ,
fused PutA transcriptional repressor / proline dehydrogenase / 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase ,
SodA ,
SodB ,
superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn) (sodC) ,
RibC ,
fused diaminohydroxyphosphoribosylaminopyrimidine deaminase / 5-amino-6-(5-phosphoribosylamino)uracil reductase (ribD) ,
methylglyoxal reductase (yeaE) ,
pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase monomer (proC) ,
glutathione S-transferase (yfcF) ,
L-2-hydroxyglutarate oxidase (lhgO) ,
hybrid-cluster protein (hcp) ,
disulfide bond reductase (yfcG) ,
disulfide reductase / organic hydroperoxide reductase (yghU) ,
cryptic adenine deaminase monomer (adeD) ,
pyrimidine oxygenase (rutA) ,
sulfite reductase, flavoprotein subunit (cysJ) ,
L-aspartate oxidase (nadB) ,
NADPH nitroreductase (nfsA) ,
2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase (fadH) ,
oxepin-CoA hydrolase/3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase (paaZ) ,
AdhE ,
ethanol dehydrogenase / alcohol dehydrogenase (adhP) ,
GldA ,
AldB ,
AidB ,
NADPH quinone reductase monomer (mdaB) ,
NfsB monomer ,
nitric oxide dioxygenase (hmp) ,
N-ethylmaleimide reductase, FMN-linked (nemA) ,
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (wrbA) ,
regulator of KefC-mediated potassium transport and quinone oxidoreductase (kefF) ,
catalase II (katE) ,
pirin-like protein (yhhW) ,
L-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate reductase (yghZ) ,
nitrate reductase A, γ subunit (narI) ,
nitrate reductase A, β subunit (narH) ,
nitrate reductase A, α subunit (narG) ,
nitrate reductase Z, γ subunit (narV) ,
nitrate reductase Z, α subunit (narZ) ,
nitrate reductase Z, β subunit (narY) ,
acrylyl-CoA reductase (yhdH) ,
pyruvate oxidase monomer (poxB) ,
ProA ,
TynA ,
hydrogenase 2, large subunit (hybC) ,
hydrogenase 2, small subunit (hybO) ,
predicted hydrogenase 2 cytochrome b type component (hybB) ,
hydrogenase 2 4Fe-4S ferredoxin-type component (hybA) ,
hydrogenase 1, b-type cytochrome subunit (hyaC) ,
hydrogenase 1, large subunit (hyaB) ,
hydrogenase 1, small subunit (hyaA) ,
D-amino acid dehydrogenase (dadA) ,
ferritin iron storage protein (ftnA) ,
dTDP-4-dehydrorhamnose reductase (rfbD) ,
SerA ,
putative selenate reductase ,
oxidoreductase, predicted membrane anchor subunit (ynfH) ,
oxidoreductase, predicted Fe-S subunit (ynfG) ,
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfF) ,
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfE) ,
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, soluble (sthA) ,
large subunit of periplasmic nitrate reductase, molybdoprotein (napA) ,
ferredoxin-type protein (napG) ,
ferredoxin-type protein (napH) ,
periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c protein (napC) ,
subunit of periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c550 protein (napB) ,
N-methyltryptophan oxidase (solA) ,
chromate reductase monomer (yieF) ,
NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase (yqhD) ,
aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent (ahr) ,
dodecenoyl-CoA δ-isomerase, enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA epimerase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadB) ,
aldose sugar dehydrogenase (yliI) ,
fused 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase and FAD-dependent demodification enzyme (mnmC) ,
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase A (dusA) ,
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase B (dusB) ,
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase C (dusC) ,
Qor ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbAreduced ,
DsbC monomer ,
DsbGreduced ,
methylglyoxal reductase [multifunctional] (dkgB) ,
pyruvate:flavodoxin oxidoreductase (ydbK) ,
NADH oxidoreductase (hcr) ,
enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabI) ,
EF-P-Lys34 hydroxylase (epmC) ,
ribosomal protein-arginine oxygenase (roxA) ,
formate dependent nitrite reductase - NrfA subunit ,
formate-dependent nitrite reductase - penta-heme cytochrome c (nrfB) ,
formate-dependent nitrite reductase, 4Fe-4S subunit (nrfC) ,
methylglyoxal reductase (NADH-dependent) (ydjG) ,
nitrite reductase, large subunit (nirB) ,
nitrite reductase, small subunit (nirD) ,
7-α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (hdhA) ,
lipid hydroperoxide peroxidase (tpx) ,
thiol peroxidase (bcp) ,
predicted 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconate dehydrogenase (kduD) ,
flavodoxin NADP+ reductase (fpr) ,
NrdG ,
ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase (nrdD) ,
AlkB repair system for alkylated DNA and RNA ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase II (ndh) ,
multicopper oxidase with role in copper homeostasis (cueO) ,
free methionine-(R)-sulfoxide reductase (msrC) ,
methionine sulfoxide reductase B (msrB) ,
riboflavin reductase / FMN reductase (fre) ,
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (ytfG) ,
S-glutathionyl-(chloro)hydroquinone reductase (yqjG) ,
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, β subunit, ferritin-like (nrdB) ,
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, α subunit (nrdA) ,
NrdF ,
NrdE ,
methionine sulfoxide reductase A (msrA) ,
biotin sulfoxide reductase (bisC) ,
AhpF component ,
alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, AhpC component ,
D-malate / 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) (dmlA) ,
GhrB ,
glyoxylate reductase / hydroxypyruvate reductase (ghrA) ,
formate dehydrogenase H (fdhF) ,
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycD) ,
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycC) ,
formate hydrogenlyase complex iron-sulfur protein (hycF) ,
hydrogenase 3 and formate hydrogenlyase complex, HycG subunit ,
hydrogenase 3, Fe-S subunit (hycB) ,
hydrogenase 3, large subunit (hycE) ,
thioredoxin/glutathione peroxidase (btuE) ,
GuaC ,
γ-glutamyl-γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (puuC) ,
hydroperoxidase I (katG) ,
methylglyoxal reductase [multifunctional] (dkgA) ,
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (ybbO) ,
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (yghA) ,
3-hydroxy acid dehydrogenase monomer (ydfG) ,
alkanesulfonate monooxygenase, FMNH2-dependent (ssuD) ,
aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent (yahK) ,
YdiB ,
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preA) ,
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preT) ,
3-sulfolactaldehyde reductase (yihU) ,
monoacetylchitobiose-6-phosphate hydrolase (chbF) ,
PhoA ,
ferric reductase, NADPH-dependent (yqjH) ,
NADH:quinone oxidoreductase, FMN-dependent (azoR) ,
cytochrome b561 (cybB) ,
reduced glutaredoxin 2 (grxB) ,
bifunctional L-rhamnulose 1-phosphate aldolase/lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (rhaEW) ,
sulfite reductase, hemoprotein subunit (cysI) ,
glucose-6-phosphate 3-dehydrogenase (ntdC) ,
glucitol dehydrogenase monomer (gutB) ,
scyllo-inositol dehydrogenase (NADP+) (iolW) ,
(methyl)malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase monomer (mmsA) ,
inositol 2-dehydrogenase monomer (iolG) ,
scyllo-inositol 2-dehydrogenase (NAD+) (iolX) ,
pulcherriminic acid synthase (cypX) ,
pimeloyl-[acp] synthase (bioI) ,
enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase III (fabL) ,
protoporphyrinogen oxidase (hemY) ,
glycine oxidase monomer (thiO) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit II) (qoxA) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit I) (qoxB) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit III) (qoxC) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit IV) (qoxD)

Unification Links: GO:0055114


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Mon Nov 24, 2014, BIOCYC14B.