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MetaCyc Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0055114 - oxidation-reduction process

Synonyms: oxidation reduction, oxidoreductase process

Definition: A metabolic process that results in the removal or addition of one or more electrons to or from a substance, with or without the concomitant removal or addition of a proton or protons.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044710 - single-organism metabolic process

Child Classes:
GO:0006069 - ethanol oxidation (1),
GO:0006150 - hypoxanthine oxidation (1),
GO:0006740 - NADPH regeneration (3),
GO:0015944 - formate oxidation (9),
GO:0015980 - energy derivation by oxidation of organic compounds (106),
GO:0019419 - sulfate reduction (2),
GO:0019480 - L-alanine oxidation to pyruvate via D-alanine (1),
GO:0019516 - lactate oxidation (2),
GO:0022900 - electron transport chain (59),
GO:0034440 - lipid oxidation (21),
GO:0070989 - oxidative demethylation (1)

Term Members:
reduced thioredoxin 2 (trxC),
thioredoxin 1 (trxA),
cytochrome b561 (cybB),
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbBreduced,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbDreduced,
reduced glutaredoxin 2 (grxB),
reduced glutaredoxin 1 (grxA),
sulfite reductase, hemoprotein subunit (cysI),
flavin reductase (rutF),
fused predicted xanthine/hypoxanthine oxidase: molybdopterin-binding subunit and Fe-S binding subunit (xdhD),
flavorubredoxin (norV),
quinol monooxygenase (ygiN),
reduced ferredoxin (fdx),
L-lactate dehydrogenase (lldD),
choline dehydrogenase (betA),
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit C (glpC),
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit B (glpB),
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit A (glpA),
formate dehydrogenase N, γ subunit (fdnI),
formate dehydrogenase N, β subunit (fdnH),
formate dehydrogenase N, α subunit (fdnG),
formate dehydrogenase-O, γ subunit (fdoI),
formate dehydrogenase-O, β subunit (fdoH),
formate dehydrogenase-O, α subunit (fdoG),
taurine dioxygenase monomer (tauD),
NADPH-dependent FMN reductase (ssuE),
tartronate semialdehyde reductase (garR),
altronate oxidoreductase (uxaB),
mannitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase (mtlD),
L-galactitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase (gatD),
L-galactonate oxidoreductase (lgoD),
5-keto-D-gluconate 5-reductase (idnO),
L-idonate 5-dehydrogenase (idnD),
D-mannonate oxidoreductase (uxuB),
γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (patD),
γ-glutamylputrescine oxidase (puuB),
glycolate oxidase, predicted iron-sulfur subunit (glcF),
glycolate oxidase, predicted FAD-binding subunit (glcE),
glycolate oxidase, predicted FAD-linked subunit (glcD),
tartronate semialdehyde reductase 2 (glxR),
α-galactosidase monomer (melA),
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (mhpF),
quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (gcd),
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, α subunit (pntA),
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, β subunit (pntB),
N-acetylglutamylphosphate reductase (argC),
UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase (murB),
heme-containing peroxidase/deferrochelatase (efeB),
porphyrinogen peroxidase (yfeX),
coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (hemF),
coproporphyrinogen III dehydrogenase (hemN),
2,3-diketo-L-gulonate reductase monomer (yiaK),
L-threonine dehydrogenase (yiaY),
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, α subunit (hcaE),
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, β subunit (hcaF),
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, predicted ferredoxin reductase subunit (hcaD),
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, predicted ferredoxin subunit (hcaC),
3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propionate dioxygenase monomer (mhpB),
2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrophenylpropionate dehydrogenase (hcaB),
3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate 2-hydroxylase (mhpA),
L-1,2-propanediol oxidoreductase (fucO),
xanthine dehydrogenase, Fe-S subunit (xdhC),
xanthine dehydrogenase subunit, FAD-binding domain (xdhB),
xanthine dehydrogenase subunit (xdhA),
D-lactate dehydrogenase (dld),
methylglyoxal reductase (yeaE),
shikimate dehydrogenase (aroE),
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase (ispH),
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate synthase (ispG),
2-octaprenyl-3-methyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone hydroxylase (ubiF),
2-octaprenyl-6-methoxyphenol hydroxylase (ubiH),
2-octaprenylphenol hydroxylase (ubiI),
3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase monomer (ubiD),
dihydrofolate reductase,
dihydromonapterin reductase / dihydrofolate reductase (folM),
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-A monomer (gapA),
ureidoglycolate dehydrogenase (allD),
7-cyano-7-deazaguanine reductase (queF),
epoxyqueuosine reductase (queG),
glucose 6-phosphate-1-dehydrogenase (zwf),
malate dehydrogenase (mdh),
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, FAD binding protein (sdhA),
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, iron-sulfur cluster binding protein (sdhB),
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhC,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhD,
malate:quinone oxidoreductase (mqo),
3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NAD+) (paaH),
ring 1,2-phenylacetyl-CoA epoxidase, monooxygenase subunit (paaA),
ring 1,2-phenylacetyl-CoA epoxidase, reductase subunit (paaE),
4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate reductase (dapB),
lipoyl synthase (lipA),
malate dehydrogenase, NAD-requiring (maeA),
superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn) (sodC),
fused UDP-L-Ara4N formyltransferase and UDP-GlcA C-4''-decarboxylase (arnA),
3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabG),
dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, type 2 (pyrD),
UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosamine dehydrogenase (wecC),
erythronate-4-phosphate dehydrogenase (pdxB),
NADPH-dependent curcumin/dihydrocurcumin reductase subunit (curA),
predicted malonic semialdehyde reductase (rutE),
D-lactate dehydrogenase - fermentative (ldhA),
fumarate reductase iron-sulfur protein (frdB),
fumarate reductase flavoprotein (frdA),
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (metF),
glycine decarboxylase (gcvP),
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpsA),
2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase (panE),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit III (cyoC),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit I (cyoB),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit II (cyoA),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit IV (cyoD),
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase - CydX subunit,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit II (cydB),
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit I (cydA),
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit II (appB),
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit I (appC),
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, c-type cytochrome subunit (torY),
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, TorZ subunit,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, catalytic subunit (torA),
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, cytochrome c-type subunit (torC),
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain C (dmsC),
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain B (dmsB),
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain A (dmsA),
hydrogenase 2, large subunit (hybC),
hydrogenase 2, small subunit (hybO),
hydrogenase 2 - integral membrane subunit HybB,
hydrogenase 2 - [Fe-S] binding, ferredoxin-type component HybA,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain B (nuoB),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain CD (nuoC),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain E (nuoE),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain F (nuoF),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain G (nuoG),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain I (nuoI),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit N (nuoN),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit M (nuoM),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit L (nuoL),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit K (nuoK),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit J (nuoJ),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit H (nuoH),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit A (nuoA),
acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadE),
predicted enoyl-CoA reductase (ydiO),
FadJ monomer,
thioredoxin reductase monomer (trxB),
glutathione reductase (NADPH) (gor),
fused diaminohydroxyphosphoribosylaminopyrimidine deaminase / 5-amino-6-(5-phosphoribosylamino)uracil reductase (ribD),
fused PutA transcriptional repressor / proline dehydrogenase / 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase,
aldehyde dehydrogenase (astD),
pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase monomer (proC),
glutamate synthase, small subunit (gltD),
glutamate synthase, large subunit (gltB),
methylglyoxal reductase (NADH-dependent) (ydjG),
catalase II (katE),
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase A (dusA),
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase B (dusB),
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase C (dusC),
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (ytfG),
sulfite reductase, flavoprotein subunit (cysJ),
nitrate reductase A, γ subunit (narI),
nitrate reductase A, β subunit (narH),
nitrate reductase A, α subunit (narG),
nitrate reductase Z, γ subunit (narV),
nitrate reductase Z, α subunit (narZ),
nitrate reductase Z, β subunit (narY),
hydrogenase 1, small subunit (hyaA),
hydrogenase 1, large subunit (hyaB),
hydrogenase 1, b-type cytochrome subunit (hyaC),
NADH:quinone oxidoreductase II (ndh),
S-glutathionyl-(chloro)hydroquinone reductase (yqjG),
ethanol dehydrogenase / alcohol dehydrogenase (adhP),
NADH:quinone oxidoreductase, FMN-dependent (azoR),
L-aspartate oxidase (nadB),
predicted oxidoreductase, NAD(P)-binding (ydbC),
glyoxylate reductase / hydroxypyruvate reductase (ghrA),
N-ethylmaleimide reductase, FMN-linked (nemA),
hydroperoxidase I (katG),
ribosomal protein-arginine oxygenase (roxA),
3-hydroxy acid dehydrogenase monomer (ydfG),
glutathione S-transferase (yfcF),
hybrid-cluster protein (hcp),
monoacetylchitobiose-6-phosphate hydrolase (chbF),
L-2-hydroxyglutarate oxidase (lhgO),
chromate reductase monomer (yieF),
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (wrbA),
regulator of KefC-mediated potassium transport and quinone oxidoreductase (kefF),
pyrimidine oxygenase (rutA),
7-α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (hdhA),
ferric reductase, NADPH-dependent (yqjH),
aldehyde dehydrogenase,
aldehyde dehydrogenase: molybdenum cofactor-binding subunit (paoC),
aldehyde dehydrogenase, FAD-binding subunit (paoB),
aldehyde dehydrogenase, Fe-S subunit (paoA),
D-amino acid dehydrogenase (dadA),
dTDP-4-dehydrorhamnose reductase (rfbD),
large subunit of periplasmic nitrate reductase, molybdoprotein (napA),
ferredoxin-type protein (napG),
ferredoxin-type protein (napH),
periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c protein (napC),
subunit of periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c550 protein (napB),
ferritin iron storage protein (ftnA),
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbAreduced,
enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabI),
E3 monomer (lpd),
subunit of E1p component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (aceE),
subunit of E1(0) component of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (sucA),
free methionine-(R)-sulfoxide reductase (msrC),
pyruvate:flavodoxin oxidoreductase (ydbK),
lipid hydroperoxide peroxidase (tpx),
thiol peroxidase (bcp),
osmotically inducible peroxiredoxin (osmC),
biotin sulfoxide reductase (bisC),
thioredoxin/glutathione peroxidase (btuE),
NADH oxidoreductase (hcr),
formate dependent nitrite reductase - NrfA subunit,
formate-dependent nitrite reductase - penta-heme cytochrome c (nrfB),
formate-dependent nitrite reductase, 4Fe-4S subunit (nrfC),
methionine sulfoxide reductase B (msrB),
methionine sulfoxide reductase A (msrA),
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, β subunit, ferritin-like (nrdB),
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, α subunit (nrdA),
γ-glutamyl-γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (puuC),
alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, AhpF component,
alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, AhpC component,
acrylyl-CoA reductase (yhdH),
methylglyoxal reductase [multifunctional] (dkgA),
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (yghA),
aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent (yahK),
aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent (ahr),
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (ybbO),
2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase (fadH),
novel 1-deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate synthase (yajO),
DsbC monomer,
3-sulfolactaldehyde reductase (yihU),
fused 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase and FAD-dependent demodification enzyme (mnmC),
dodecenoyl-CoA δ-isomerase, enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA epimerase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadB),
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preA),
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preT),
pirin-like protein (yhhW),
NADPH quinone reductase monomer (mdaB),
nitrite reductase, large subunit (nirB),
nitrite reductase, small subunit (nirD),
cryptic adenine deaminase monomer (adeD),
predicted 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconate dehydrogenase (kduD),
NAD(P)H nitroreductase NfsB,
NADPH nitroreductase (nfsA),
AlkB repair system for alkylated DNA and RNA,
pyruvate oxidase monomer (poxB),
oxepin-CoA hydrolase/3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase (paaZ),
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycD),
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycC),
formate hydrogenlyase complex iron-sulfur protein (hycF),
hydrogenase 3 and formate hydrogenlyase complex, HycG subunit,
hydrogenase 3, Fe-S subunit (hycB),
hydrogenase 3, large subunit (hycE),
formate dehydrogenase H (fdhF),
aldose sugar dehydrogenase (yliI),
glutathione S-transferase B (gstB),
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, soluble (sthA),
nitric oxide dioxygenase (hmp),
riboflavin reductase / FMN reductase / FAD reductase (fre),
D-malate / 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) (dmlA),
multicopper oxidase with role in copper homeostasis (cueO),
alkanesulfonate monooxygenase, FMNH2-dependent (ssuD),
flavodoxin NADP+ reductase (fpr),
ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase (nrdD),
NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase (yqhD),
putative selenate reductase,
oxidoreductase, predicted membrane anchor subunit (ynfH),
oxidoreductase, predicted Fe-S subunit (ynfG),
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfF),
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfE),
N-methyltryptophan oxidase (solA),
methylglyoxal reductase [multifunctional] (dkgB),
L-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate reductase (yghZ),
disulfide bond reductase (yfcG),
disulfide reductase / organic hydroperoxide reductase (yghU),
EF-P-Lys34 hydroxylase (epmC),
bifunctional L-rhamnulose 1-phosphate aldolase/lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (rhaEW),
glucose-6-phosphate 3-dehydrogenase (ntdC),
glucitol dehydrogenase monomer (gutB),
scyllo-inositol dehydrogenase (NADP+) (iolW),
(methyl)malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase monomer (mmsA),
inositol 2-dehydrogenase monomer (iolG),
scyllo-inositol 2-dehydrogenase (NAD+) (iolX),
pulcherriminic acid synthase (cypX),
pimeloyl-[acp] synthase (bioI),
enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase III (fabL),
protoporphyrinogen oxidase (hemY),
glycine oxidase monomer (thiO),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit II) (qoxA),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit I) (qoxB),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit III) (qoxC),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit IV) (qoxD)

Unification Links: GO:0055114

Relationship Links: Wikipedia:RELATED-TO:Redox

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Wed May 4, 2016, biocyc13.