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MetaCyc Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0008152 - metabolic process

Synonyms: metabolism

Definition: The chemical reactions and pathways, including anabolism and catabolism, by which living organisms transform chemical substances. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation.

Summary:
Note that metabolic processes do not include single functions or processes such as protein-protein interactions, protein-nucleic acids, nor receptor-ligand interactions.

Parent Classes:
GO:0008150 - biological_process

Child Classes:
GO:0006807 - nitrogen compound metabolic process (1109),
GO:0009056 - catabolic process (475),
GO:0009058 - biosynthetic process (926),
GO:0032259 - methylation (66),
GO:0042445 - hormone metabolic process (11),
GO:0044237 - cellular metabolic process (1788),
GO:0044238 - primary metabolic process (1484),
GO:0044710 - single-organism metabolic process (1447),
GO:0071704 - organic substance metabolic process (1740),
GO:0098754 - detoxification (11),
GO:1902421 - hydrogen metabolic process (5)

Parts:
GO:0019222 - regulation of metabolic process (122)

Term Members:
endochitinase (chiA),
cell shape; peptidoglycan synthetase; penicillin-binding protein 2 (mrdA),
essential cell division protein FtsI; penicillin-binding protein 3,
carbonic anhydrase 2 monomer (yadF),
GTP cyclohydrolase I monomer (folE),
GlmU,
NadR DNA-binding transcriptional repressor and NMN adenylyltransferase,
nicotinamidase / pyrazinamidase (pncA),
periplasmic trehalase (treA),
cytoplasmic trehalase (treF),
trehalose-6-phosphate hydrolase (treC),
phosphogluconate dehydratase (edd),
L-arabinose isomerase monomer (araA),
sulfate adenylyltransferase, CysD subunit,
β-D-glucuronidase (uidA),
mannitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase (mtlD),
SrlD,
glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase (nagB),
5-keto-D-gluconate 5-reductase (idnO),
D-mannonate oxidoreductase (uxuB),
2-oxo-3-deoxygalactonate 6-phosphate aldolase (dgoA),
D-galactonate dehydratase (dgoD),
propionyl-CoA synthetase (prpE),
2-methylisocitrate lyase (prpB),
γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (patD),
PheA,
TyrA,
indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase / phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase (trpC),
anthranilate synthase component II (trpD),
anthranilate synthase component I (trpE),
GDP pyrophosphokinase / GTP pyrophosphokinase (relA),
guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5'-triphosphate 3'-diphosphatase [multifunctional] (spoT),
α-galactosidase monomer (melA),
allulose-6-phosphate 3-epimerase (alsE),
phosphopentomutase (deoB),
α-D-glucose-1-phosphatase (yihX),
α-mannosidase (mngB),
ScpA,
MrcB,
MrcA,
NAD kinase monomer (nadK),
GlgC,
ArgE,
LysC,
ThrA,
MetL,
adenosylmethionine decarboxylase, proenzyme (speD),
allantoate amidohydrolase monomer (allC),
homoserine O-succinyltransferase (metA),
glutamate racemase (murI),
predicted adenosylcobalamin phosphatase/α-ribazole phosphatase (cobC),
CysG,
AnsA,
2,3-diketo-L-gulonate reductase monomer (yiaK),
3-keto-L-gulonate 6-phosphate decarboxylase (ulaD),
3-keto-L-gulonate 6-phosphate decarboxylase (sgbH),
Kbl,
IlvA,
MhpD,
2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrophenylpropionate dehydrogenase (hcaB),
GabD,
DeoA,
Amn,
L-Ala-D/L-Glu epimerase (ycjG),
malonyl-[acp] methyltransferase (bioC),
AtoB,
acetyl-CoA:acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, α subunit (atoD),
acetyl-CoA:acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, β subunit (atoA),
AICAR transformylase / IMP cyclohydrolase (purH),
1-deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate synthase (dxs),
GlpK,
Pta,
phosphate acetyltransferase monomer (eutD),
Upp,
EntA,
MenE,
o-succinylbenzoate synthase (menC),
MenB,
dihydromonapterin reductase / dihydrofolate reductase (folM),
pabC,
PabA,
CysH,
phosphoserine phosphatase (serB),
thymidine kinase / deoxyuridine kinase (tdk),
ribonucleoside hydrolase 1 (pyrimidine-specific) (rihA),
UMP kinase (pyrH),
pyruvate kinase II monomer (pykA),
pyruvate kinase I monomer (pykF),
2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase (gpmM),
triosephosphate isomerase monomer (tpiA),
fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase monomer (fbp),
2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-dependent phosphoglycerate mutase monomer (gpmA),
transketolase I (tktA),
transketolase II (tktB),
ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase (rpe),
ArgI,
isocitrate lyase monomer (aceA),
citrate synthase monomer (gltA),
aconitate hydratase 1 (acnA),
bifunctional aconitate hydratase 2 and 2-methylisocitrate dehydratase (acnB),
fumarase C monomer (fumC),
succinyl-CoA synthetase, β subunit,
succinyl-CoA synthetase, α subunit (sucD),
β-ketoadipyl-CoA thiolase (paaJ),
molybdopterin synthase sulfurtransferase (ynjE),
porphobilinogen synthase (hemB),
N-succinyl-L-diaminopimelate desuccinylase subunit (dapE),
4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate synthase (dapA),
Dfp,
IlvE,
LeuD,
LeuC,
IlvD,
acetohydroxy acid synthase I, small subunit (ilvN),
IlvM,
IlvH,
phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (ATP) (pck),
MaeB,
trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (otsB),
fused UDP-L-Ara4N formyltransferase and UDP-GlcA C-4''-decarboxylase (arnA),
malonyl-CoA-ACP transacylase (fabD),
FabH,
3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabG),
FabF,
PyrF,
HisD,
HisC,
HisB,
imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase, HisF subunit,
N-(5'-phospho-L-ribosyl-formimino)-5-amino-1-(5'-phosphoribosyl)-4-imidazolecarboxamide isomerase (hisA),
phosphoribosyl-AMP cyclohydrolase / phosphoribosyl-ATP pyrophosphatase (hisI),
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase (wecB),
erythronate-4-phosphate dehydrogenase (pdxB),
3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate synthase (kdsA),
fused heptose 7-phosphate kinase/heptose 1-phosphate adenyltransferase (rfaE),
methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylase (scpB),
crotonobetainyl-CoA hydratase (caiD),
carnitine-CoA ligase (caiC),
2-ketobutyrate formate-lyase/pyruvate formate-lyase 4, inactive (tdcE),
PflB,
D-lactate dehydrogenase - fermentative (ldhA),
Ppc,
FolD,
bifunctional folylpolyglutamate synthetase / dihydrofolate synthetase (folC),
glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (plsB),
pantothenate kinase monomer (coaA),
ADP-heptose:LPS heptosyltransferase II (waaF),
lipopolysaccharide core heptosyltransferase III (waaQ),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain CD (nuoC),
6-phosphofructokinase-1 monomer (pfkA),
FadD,
short chain acyl-CoA synthetase (fadK),
acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadE),
predicted enoyl-CoA reductase (ydiO),
FadI monomer,
FadJ monomer,
bifunctional riboflavin kinase / FMN adenylyltransferase (ribF),
fused diaminohydroxyphosphoribosylaminopyrimidine deaminase / 5-amino-6-(5-phosphoribosylamino)uracil reductase (ribD),
Fcl,
galactokinase (galK),
fused PutA transcriptional repressor / proline dehydrogenase / 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase,
TdcB,
O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase A (cysK),
aldehyde dehydrogenase (astD),
succinylglutamate desuccinylase (astE),
ProA,
glutamate synthase, large subunit (gltB),
GlgP,
limit dextrin α-1,6-glucohydrolase (glgX),
thiosulfate sulfurtransferase (pspE),
β-D-glucoside glucohydrolase, periplasmic (bglX),
exonuclease VIII, ds DNA exonuclease, 5' --> 3' specific (recE),
KpLE2 phage-like element; 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-pentonate aldolase (yjhH),
CP4-6 prophage; probable 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate aldolase (yagE),
α-amylase (malS),
α-amylase (amyA),
tryptophan synthase, α subunit (trpA),
formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (mutM),
8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase monomer (bioF),
maltose O-acetyltransferase (maa),
formyl-CoA transferase monomer (frc),
16S rRNA 2'-O-ribose C1402 methyltransferase (rsmI),
uracil-DNA glycosylase (ung),
peptidase T,
5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)uracil phosphatase (yigB),
5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)uracil phosphatase (ybjI),
AdhE,
ribonucleoside hydrolase 2 (pyrimidine-specific) (rihB),
phosphoglycolate phosphatase (gph),
GhrB,
inorganic triphosphatase (ygiF),
phosphoethanolamine transferase EptA,
3-mercaptopyruvate:cyanide sulfurtransferase [multifunctional] (sseA),
ADP-sugar pyrophosphatase (nudF),
ADP-sugar pyrophosphorylase (nudE),
diguanylate cyclase (dgcP),
diguanylate cyclase (dgcT),
diguanylate cyclase (dgcZ),
diguanylate cyclase (dgcM),
diguanylate cyclase (dgcC),
β-phosphoglucomutase (ycjU),
3-hydroxy acid dehydrogenase monomer (ydfG),
DLP12 prophage; lysozyme (rrrD),
cAMP phosphodiesterase (cpdA),
GDP-mannose hydrolase (nudK),
monoacetylchitobiose-6-phosphate hydrolase (chbF),
D-glucarate dehydratase (gudD),
Eda,
phosphoethanolamine transferase (opgE),
7-α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (hdhA),
phosphoglycerol transferase I (opgB),
RNA 2',3'-cyclic phosphodiesterase (thpR),
SucB,
AceF,
subunit of E1p component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (aceE),
subunit of E1(0) component of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (sucA),
glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase / glutamine synthetase deadenylase (glnE),
Ada DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator,
pyruvate:flavodoxin oxidoreductase (ydbK),
PII uridylyltransferase / uridylyl removing enzyme (glnD),
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase (plsC),
CheB,
phosphoprotein phosphatase 1 (pphA),
phosphoprotein phosphatase 2 (pphB),
2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamine acyltransferase / acyl-ACP synthetase (aas),
FabB,
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, α subunit (nrdA),
NrdE,
NAD(P)HX epimerase / NAD(P)HX dehydratase (yjeF),
fructose-1-phosphatase (yqaB),
6-phospho-β-glucosidase B; cryptic (bglB),
endo-1,4-D-glucanase (bcsZ),
acetyl-CoA:oxalate CoA-transferase (yfdE),
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (yghA),
peptidase D (pepD),
KpLE2 phage-like element; D-xylonate dehydratase (yjhG),
CP4-6 prophage; D-xylonate dehydratase (yagF),
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (ybbO),
arylsulfatase (aslA),
translation-dependent mRNA interferase, toxin of the HigB-HigA toxin-antitoxin system,
N-acetylneuraminate lyase (nanA),
acyl-CoA thioesterase (yciA),
phosphoethanolamine transferase EptC,
acetyl-CoA synthetase (AMP-forming) (acs),
pyridoxal phosphatase / fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (ybhA),
phosphodiesterase, c-di-GMP-specific (pdeL),
cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase (pdeR),
c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase (pdeH),
cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase (pdeF),
pyrimidine deoxynucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase (nudI),
fused 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase and FAD-dependent demodification enzyme (mnmC),
acylphosphatase (yccX),
3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (fadA),
dodecenoyl-CoA δ-isomerase, enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA epimerase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadB),
β-galactosidase monomer (lacZ),
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preA),
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preT),
AidB,
β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (nagZ),
p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate hydrolase subunit A (abgA),
acetyl esterase (aes),
predicted 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconate dehydrogenase (kduD),
Kdo2-lipid A phosphoethanolamine 7''-transferase (eptB),
stationary phase mismatch/uracil DNA glycosylase (mug),
sugar phosphatase (ybiV),
sugar phosphatase (yfbT),
sugar phosphatase (yidA),
phosphosugar phosphatase (yigL),
ADP-heptose:LPS heptosyltransferase I (waaC),
peroxyureidoacrylate / ureidoacrylate amido hydrolase (rutB),
6-phosphogluconate phosphatase (yieH),
maltodextrin glucosidase (malZ),
6-phospho-β-glucosidase; cryptic (ascB),
regulatory ATPase (ravA),
ribosome-binding ATPase, inhibitor of catalase activity (ychF),
alkyl sulfatase (yjcS),
SerA,
endonuclease III (nth),
oxepin-CoA hydrolase/3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase (paaZ),
NADH pyrophosphatase (nudC),
ribonucleoside hydrolase 3 (rihC),
pyrimidine nucleotidase (yjjG),
L-tartrate dehydratase, β subunit (ttdB),
L-tartrate dehydratase, α subunit (ttdA),
maltodextrin phosphorylase monomer (malP),
glycoside hydrolase (ygjK),
GTPase that interacts with methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (argK),
ribosome small subunit-dependent GTPase A (rsgA),
GTPase associated with the 50S subunit of the ribosome (hflX),
P-loop guanosine triphosphatase (yjiA),
AppA,
arylamine N-acetyltransferase (nhoA),
purine nucleotidase (yrfG),
lipopolysaccharide core biosynthesis; heptosyl transferase IV; probably hexose transferase (waaU),
formyltetrahydrofolate deformylase (purU),
UDP-glucuronate:LPS(HepIII) glycosyltransferase (waaH),
AphA monomer,
6-phospho-β-glucosidase A (bglA),
ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase (nrdD),
nucleoside di- and triphosphate hydrolase [multifunctional] (nudJ),
pyridoxal phosphatase / HMP-PP hydrolase (cof),
Gss,
fused tRNA nucleotidyltransferase / 2',3'-cyclic phosphodiesterase / 2' nucleotidase and phosphatase (cca),
2-deoxyglucose-6-phosphatase (yniC),
α-xylosidase (yicI),
peptidase component of the HslVU protease,
2'3' cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase/3' nucleotidase (cpdB),
L-rhamnonate dehydratase (yfaW),
EntE,
apo-serine activating enzyme (entF),
EntB monomer,
ChpB toxin of the ChpB-ChpS toxin-antitoxin system,
peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase C (rotamase C) (ppiC),
PhoA,
poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine synthase - PgaC subunit,
chitobiose PTS permease - ChbA subunit,
xylose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (xylG),
taurine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (tauB),
ABC complex for formation and release of holoCcmE - ATP binding subunit (ccmA),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (dppF),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (dppD),
glutamate / aspartate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (gltL),
arabinose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (araG),
glutathione ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (gsiA),
phosphate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (pstB),
D-allose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (alsA),
glutamine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (glnQ),
Zn2+ ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (znuC),
glycine betaine ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (yehX),
branched chain amino acid transporter - ATP binding subunit (livG),
branched chain amino acid ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (livF),
molybdate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (modC),
L-arginine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (artP),
AI-2 ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (lsrA),
K+ transporting ATPase - ATP binding subunit (kdpB),
glycine betaine / proline ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (proV),
phosphonate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (phnC),
maltose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (malK),
aliphatic sulfonate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (ssuB),
glycerol-3-phosphate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (ugpC),
L-methionine / D-methionine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (metN),
L-cystine ABC transporter - predicted ATP binding subunit (tcyN),
galactose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (mglA),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (oppF),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (oppD),
nickel ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (nikE),
nickel ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (nikD),
sulfate / thiosulfate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (cysA),
putrescine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potG),
putrescine / spermidine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potA),
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydC subunit,
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydD subunit,
galactofuranose / galactopyranose ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (ytfR),
ATP-binding lipopolysaccharide transport protein (msbA),
ribose ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (rbsA),
vitamin B12 ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (btuD),
ferric dicitrate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (fecE),
ferric enterobactin ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (fepC),
iron (III) hydroxamate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (fhuC),
LptB,
2-hydroxy-3-keto-5-methylthiopentenyl-1-phosphate phosphatase (mtnX),
fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase TIGAR,
6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 2 (PFKFB2),
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB4),
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB3),
3,2-trans-enoyl-CoA isomerase 2 (PECI),
bifunctional L-rhamnulose 1-phosphate aldolase/lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (rhaEW),
Fumarylacetoacetase (FAH),
Corticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 1 (HSD11B1),
ATP-citrate synthase (ACLY),
malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase (MCAT),
Biotin carboxylase (ACC2),
Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, mitochondrial,
Propionyl-CoA carboxylase alpha chain, mitochondrial (PCCA),
amiloride-sensitive amine oxidase [copper-containing] (ABP1),
succinyl-CoA-glutarate CoA-transferase (C7orf10),
tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 2 (TPH2),
kanosamine-6-phosphate phosphatase (ntdB),
glucose-6-phosphate 3-dehydrogenase (ntdC),
3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase (KDSR),
Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI1),
phosphoglycerate mutase 2 (PGAM2),
pyruvate carboxylase, mitochondrial (PC),
Isocitrate dehydrogenase [NAD] subunit gamma, mitochondrial (IDH3G),
glucitol dehydrogenase monomer (gutB),
scyllo-inositol dehydrogenase (NADP+) (iolW),
(methyl)malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase monomer (mmsA),
2-deoxy-5-keto-D-gluconate 6-phosphate aldolase (iolJ),
5-deoxy-D-glucuronate isomerase (iolB),
inositol 2-dehydrogenase monomer (iolG),
scyllo-inositol 2-dehydrogenase (NAD+) (iolX),
phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (PGAM1),
thymidine phosphorylase monomer (TYMP),
long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 3 (ACSL3),
long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 5 (ACSL5),
long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase ACSBG1,
long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 8 ACSBG2,
peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 2 (HSD17B4),
α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR),
fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH3A2),
peroxisomal trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (PECR),
very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (SLC27A2),
sphingoliid fatty acid 2-hydroxylase (FA2H),
enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase III (fabL),
protoporphyrinogen oxidase (hemY),
arabinogalactan endo-1,4-β-galactosidase (ganB),
lipoyl synthase (lipoic acid synthetase) (lipA),
Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit alpha, testis-specific form, mitochondrial (PDHA2),
pyruvate dehydrogenase protein E3 component, mitochondrial (PDHX),
pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 component (DLAT),
pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component α subunit (somatic) (PDHA1),
3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase α subunit (MCCC1),
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8 (UGT1A8),
thiamine phosphate synthase (thiE),
1-deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate synthase (dxs),
thiazole synthase (thiG),
cysteine desulfurase monomer (iscS),
[sulfur-carrier protein ThiS] adenylyltransferase (thiF),
N-formyl-4-amino-5-aminomethyl-2- methylpyrimidine deformylase (thiQ),
thiazole tautomerase (tenI),
retinol dehydrogenase 12 (RDH12),
retinol dehydrogenase 9 (DHRS9),
liver carboxylesterase 1 monomer (CES1),
epidermal retinol dehydrogenase 2 (SDR16C5),
11-cis retinol dehydrogenase monomer (RDH5),
retinal dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH1A2),
retinol dehydrogenase 8 (RDH8),
retinol dehydrogenase 11 (RDH11),
retinol dehydrogenase 3 (DHRS3),
testosterone 17-beta-dehydrogenase 3 (HSD17B3),
glucuronoarabinoxylan endo-1,4-β-xylanase (xynC),
α-L-arabinofuranosidase 2 (xsa),
α-L-arabinofuranosidase 1 (abfA),
arabinan-endo 1,5-α-L-arabinanase (abnA),
succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid-coenzyme A transferase 1, mitochondrial (OXCT1),
mitochondrial D-β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (BDH1),
3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase type 2 (BDH2),
long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 1 (ACSL1)

Unification Links: GO:0008152

Relationship Links: Wikipedia:RELATED-TO:Metabolism


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Fri Feb 12, 2016, biocyc14.