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MetaCyc Compound Class: a disaccharide

Superclasses: all carbohydratesa carbohydratea glycanan oligosaccharide

Child Classes: a 4-deoxy-α-L-erythro-hex-4-enopyranuronate-uronate disccharide (2), a glycoprotein-α-L-fucosyl-(1,2)-D-galactose (0), an α-D-aldosyl-β-D-fructoside (0), chitobiose (2), chondroitin sulfate disaccharide (0), D-cellobiose (2), dermatan sulfate disaccharide (0), gentiobiose (2), isomaltose (2), kojibiose (2), lactose (2), maltose (2), mannobiose (2), N,N'-diacetylchitobiose (0), N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-D-glucosamine (0), trehalose (2)

Instances:
α-D,α-D-digalacturonate,
α-D-glucosyl-(1->3)-L-rhamnose,
α-D-mannopyranosyl-(1,3)-α-D-mannopyranose,
α-L-galactopyranose-6-sulfate-(1,3)-β-D-galactose,
β-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->6)-D-glucose,
β-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-L-rhamnose,
β-D-galactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosyl-R,
β-D-glucosyl-(1→4)-D-mannose,
β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose,
β-D-xylosyl-L-rhamnopyranose 3-sulfate,
β-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1→2)-β-L-arabinofuranose,
β-leucrose,
β-maltulose,
β-palatinose,
β-turanose,
(1→3)-β-D-galactobiose,
(1,3)-β-xylobiose,
(1,4)-β-xylobiose,
(1,6)-β-galactobiose,
(1->5)-α-L-arabinobiose,
1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-D-mannitol,
2-O-(4-deoxy-β-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranose,
2-O-sulfo-α,α-trehalose,
2-acetamido-4-O-(2-amino-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-2-deoxy-D-glucose,
2-phenylethyl 6-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside,
3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-arabinose,
4-(4-deoxy-α-D-galact-4-enuronosyl)-D-galacturonate,
4-deoxy-β-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl--D-galactosamine 6-sulfate,
4-deoxy-β-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl--D-glucosamine 6-sulfate,
4-deoxy-β-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine,
4-deoxy-β-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,4)-N-acetyl--D-galactosamine 6-sulfate,
4-deoxy-β-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-2-sulfate-(1,3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosamine,
4-deoxy-β-L-erythro-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl-(1,4)-D-N-sulfoglucosamine,
4-deoxy-β-L-erythro-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl-(1,4)-D-N-sulfoglucosamine 6-O-sulfate,
4-deoxy-2-O-sulfo-β-L-erythro-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl-(1,4)-D-N-sulfoglucosamine,
4-deoxy-2-O-sulfo-β-L-erythro-hex-4-enopyranuronosyl-(1,4)-D-N-sulfoglucosamine 6-O-sulfate,
4-deoxy-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosiduronate-α-L-rhamnopyranose 3-sulfate,
4-O-β-D-mannopyranosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine,
acarviosin,
agarobiose,
allolactose,
benzyl 6-O-β-D-apiofuranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside,
benzyl alcohol 6-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside,
eugenyl 6-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside,
fagopyritol A2,
fagopyritol B2,
furcatin,
geranyl 6-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside,
hyaluronate,
isoprimeverose,
lactulose,
mannosylfructose,
melibionate,
melibiose,
neo-λ-carrabiose,
primeverose,
sucralose,
sucrose,
trehalulose,
ulvanobiouronic acid 3-sulfate A,
ulvanobiouronic acid 3-sulfate B

Reactions known to produce the compound:

Not in pathways:
keratan sulfate + H2O → n an oligosaccharide
blood group substance B + H2O → n an oligosaccharide
blood group substance A + H2O → n an oligosaccharide
a sialyloligosaccharide + H2O → an oligosaccharide + N-acetylneuraminate
a 1,2-β-D-glucan + H2O → n an oligosaccharide
a fucoidan + H2O → fucose + a fucose sulfate + an oligosaccharide

In Transport reactions:
an oligosaccharide[extracellular space] + ATP + H2O ↔ an oligosaccharide[cytosol] + ADP + phosphate


References

Aso53: Aso, K, Shibasaki, K (1953). "Unfermentable sugars. I. II. III." Tohoku Journal of Agricultural Research 3(2):337-358.

Goldstein74: Goldstein IJ, Cifonelli JA, Duke J (1974). "Interaction of concanavalin A with the capsular polysaccharide of pneumococcus type XII and isolation of kojibiose from the polysaccharide." Biochemistry 13(5);867-70. PMID: 4149796

Matsuda61: Matsuda K, Watanabe H, Fujimoto K, Aso K (1961). "Isolation of nigerose and kojibiose from dextrans." Nature 191;278. PMID: 13768213

Sato57: Sato A, Aso K (1957). "Kojibiose (2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucose): isolation and structure." Nature 180(4593);984-5. PMID: 13483572

Sugisawa66: Sugisawa H, Edo H (1966). "The Thermal Degradation of Sugars I. Thermal Polymerization of Glucose." Journal of Food Science 31(4);561-565.

Tilly01: Tilly K, Elias AF, Errett J, Fischer E, Iyer R, Schwartz I, Bono JL, Rosa P (2001). "Genetics and regulation of chitobiose utilization in Borrelia burgdorferi." J Bacteriol 183(19);5544-53. PMID: 11544216

Watanabe59: Watanabe T, Aso K (1959). "Isolation of kojibiose from honey." Nature 183(4677);1740. PMID: 13666886

Yamauchi61: Yamauchi F, Aso K (1961). "Crystalline alpha-kojibiose." Nature 189;753. PMID: 13787188


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.5 on Sat Feb 13, 2016, BIOCYC11A.