Synonyms: an alcohol, alcohol, ROH
Alcohols are organic compounds in which the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. Alcohols are classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary, based upon the number of carbon atoms connected to the carbon atom that bears the hydroxyl group. The primary alcohols have general formulas RCH2OH; secondary alcohols are RR'CHOH; and tertiary ones are RR'R"COH, where R, R', and R" stand for alkyl groups.
Alcohols are also classified based on the length of the alkyl groups.
Short-chain alcohols have alkyl chains with fewer than six carbons.
Medium-chain alcohols have alkyl chains of 6-12 carbons.
Long-chain alcohols (also known as fatty alcohols) have alkyl chains of 13-22 carbons.
Very long-chain alcohols have alkyl chains of 23 carbons or longer.
Child Classes: a cyclic alcohol (110), a diol (80), a galactinol-type-disaccharide-sugar-alcohol (1), a long-chain alcohol (10), a medium-chain alcohol (8), a monoterpenol (51), a primary alcohol (28), a secondary alcohol (4), a sesquiterpenol (4), a short-chain alcohol (6), a sugar alcohol (31), a tertiary alcohol (0), a very long chain alcohol (10), an amino alcohol (19)
Reactions known to produce the compound:
Not in pathways:
a 2-deoxy-α-D-glucoside + H2O → 2-deoxy-D-glucose + an alcohol
α-L-fucoside + H2O → L-fucopyranose + an alcohol
an N5-acyl-L-ornithine-ester + H2O → an N5-acyl-L-ornithine + an alcohol
an organic molecule + H2O + 2 oxygen → an alcohol + 2 superoxide + 2 H+
a 6-O-(β-D-xylopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside + H2O → primeverose + an alcohol
a reduced thioredoxin + an organic hydroperoxide → an oxidized thioredoxin + an alcohol + H2O
an acetic ester + H2O → an alcohol + acetate + H+
a carboxylic ester + H2O → an alcohol + a carboxylate + H+
an N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminide + H2O → an N-acetyl-β-D-hexosamine + an alcohol
an oligosaccharide with β-L-arabinopyranose at the non-reducing end + H2O → β-L-arabinopyranose + an alcohol
RH + a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + oxygen → ROH + an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
a phosphate monoester + H2O → an alcohol + phosphate
an α amino acid ester + H2O → an alcohol + an α amino acid + H+
an α-D-glucuronoside + H2O → D-glucopyranuronate + an alcohol
a 6-phospho-β-D-galactoside + H2O → D-galactopyranose 6-phosphate + an alcohol
an organic hydroperoxide + NADH + H+ → an alcohol + NAD+ + H2O
In Reactions of unknown directionality:
Not in pathways:
an organic molecule + hydrogen peroxide = an alcohol + H2O
an organic molecule + an organic hydroperoxide = 2 an alcohol
2 protein cysteines + an organic hydroperoxide = a protein disulfide + an alcohol + H2O
trans-cinnamoyl-β-D-glucoside + an alcohol = alkyl cinnamate + D-glucopyranose
an alcohol + acetyl-CoA = an acetic ester + coenzyme A
an alcohol + NADP+ = an aldehyde + NADPH + H+
an alcohol + NAD(P)+ = an aldehyde + NAD(P)H + H+
an alcohol + 3'-phosphoadenylyl-sulfate = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an organosulfate + H+
Enzymes activated by an alcohol, sorted by the type of activation, are:Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase [Izui83]
Fiehn08: Fiehn O, Wohlgemuth G, Scholz M, Kind T, Lee do Y, Lu Y, Moon S, Nikolau B (2008). "Quality control for plant metabolomics: reporting MSI-compliant studies." Plant J 53(4);691-704. PMID: 18269577
Izui83: Izui K, Matsuda Y, Kameshita I, Katsuki H, Woods AE (1983). "Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase of Escherichia coli. Inhibition by various analogs and homologs of phosphoenolpyruvate." J Biochem (Tokyo) 1983;94(6);1789-95. PMID: 6368527
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