|Superclasses:||all carbohydrates → a carbohydrate → a glycan → a polysaccharide → hemicellulose → xylan|
(1→4)-β-D-xylan is a polymer of β-D-xylopyranose residues connected by (1→4) links. It is found in the cell walls of plants and some green and red algae, and is the major constituent of hemicellulose. Pure xylan, consisting of only xylopyranosyl residues, is rare. Most forms of a (1→4)-β-D-xylan are decorated with other types of sugar.
Reactions known to consume the compound:
UDP-α-D-xylose + [(1->4)-β-D-xylan](n) → UDP + [(1->4)-β-D-xylan](n+1)
UDP-β-L-arabinopyranose + a (1→4)-β-D-xylan → an arabinoxylan + UDP
UDP-α-D-glucuronate + a (1→4)-β-D-xylan → a glucuronoxylan + UDP
Reactions known to produce the compound:
Carpita93: Carpita NC, Gibeaut DM (1993). "Structural models of primary cell walls in flowering plants: consistency of molecular structure with the physical properties of the walls during growth." Plant J 3(1);1-30. PMID: 8401598
Gordillo06: Gordillo F, Caputo V, Peirano A, Chavez R, Van Beeumen J, Vandenberghe I, Claeyssens M, Bull P, Ravanal MC, Eyzaguirre J (2006). "Penicillium purpurogenum produces a family 1 acetyl xylan esterase containing a carbohydrate-binding module: characterization of the protein and its gene." Mycol Res 110(Pt 10);1129-39. PMID: 17008082
Polizeli05: Polizeli ML, Rizzatti AC, Monti R, Terenzi HF, Jorge JA, Amorim DS (2005). "Xylanases from fungi: properties and industrial applications." Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 67(5);577-91. PMID: 15944805
Rao06: Rao RS, Muralikrishna G (2006). "Water soluble feruloyl arabinoxylans from rice and ragi: changes upon malting and their consequence on antioxidant activity." Phytochemistry 67(1);91-9. PMID: 16289622
Schadel10: Schadel C, Richter A, Blochl A, Hoch G (2010). "Hemicellulose concentration and composition in plant cell walls under extreme carbon source-sink imbalances." Physiol Plant 139(3);241-55. PMID: 20113432
SchooneveldBerg99: Schooneveld-Bergmans, M.E. F., Dignum, M. J. W., Grabber, J. H.., Beldman, G., Voragen, A. G. J. (1999). "Studies on the oxidative cross-linking of feruloylated arabinoxylans from wheat flour and wheat bran." Carbohydrate Polymers 38:309-317.
Vignon98: Vignon, M. R., Gey, C. (1998). "Isolation, 1H and 13C NMR studies of (4-O-methyl-D-glucurono)-D-xylans from luffa fruit fibres, jute bast fibres and mucilage of quince tree seeds." Carbohydrate Research 307(1-2):107-111.
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