|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Transport Reactions → Transport Energised by the Membrane Electrochemical Gradient|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
Reaction Locations: inner membrane (sensu Gram-negative Bacteria)
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3, and some reactions have been computationally balanced for hydrogen by adding free protons. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balance undetermined; a substrate lacks a chemical formula
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