|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 18.104.22.168
In Pathway: anhydromuropeptides recycling
Supersedes EC numbers: 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase, N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase, N-acylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase, acetylmuramoyl-alanine amidase, N-acetylmuramic acid L-alanine amidase, acetylmuramyl-alanine amidase, N-acetylmuramylalanine amidase, murein hydrolase, N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase type I, N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase type II
Enzyme Commission Summary:
The enzyme hydrolyses the link between N-acetylmuramoyl residues and L-amino acid residues in certain cell-wall glycopeptides.
Ghuysen69: Ghuysen JM, Dierickx L, Coyette J, Leyh-Bouille M, Guinand M, Campbell JN (1969). "An improved technique for the preparation of Streptomyces peptidases and N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanine amidase active on bacterial wall peptidoglycans." Biochemistry 8(1);213-22. PMID: 5777325
Ward82: Ward JB, Curtis CA, Taylor C, Buxton RS (1982). "Purification and characterization of two phage PBSX-induced lytic enzymes of Bacillus subtilis 168: an N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase and an N-acetylmuramidase." J Gen Microbiol 128(6);1171-8. PMID: 6126517
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