|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
Supersedes EC numbers: 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Mass balance status: Marked as unbalanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: type I site-specific deoxyribonuclease
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: type I restriction enzyme, deoxyribonuclease (ATP- and S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent), restriction-modification system, deoxyribonuclease (adenosine triphosphate-hydrolyzing), adenosine triphosphate-dependent deoxyribonuclease, ATP-dependent DNase, type 1 site-specific deoxyribonuclease
Enzyme Commission Summary:
This enzyme catalyzes endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA to give random double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates; ATP is simultaneously hydrolysed.
This is a large group of enzymes which, together with those now listed as EC 184.108.40.206 (type II site-specific deoxyribonuclease) and EC 220.127.116.11 (type III site-specific deoxyribonuclease), were previously listed separately in sub-subclasses EC 3.1.23 and EC 3.1.24. They have an absolute requirement for ATP (or dATP) and S-adenosyl-L-methionine. They recognize specific short DNA sequences and cleave at sites remote from the recognition sequence. They are multifunctional proteins that also catalyse the reactions of EC 18.104.22.168 [site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (adenine-specific)] and EC 22.214.171.124.
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