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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Polypeptide: 50S ribosomal subunit protein L36



Gene: rpmJ Accession Numbers: EG11232 (EcoCyc), b3299, ECK3286

Synonyms: secX, 50S ribosomal subunit protein B

Regulation Summary Diagram

Regulation summary diagram for rpmJ

Component of:
50S ribosomal subunit
ribosome (summary available)

Summary:
The L36 protein is a component of the 50S subunit of the ribosome [Wada87]. L36 is highly conserved in bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts, but not present in archaea and eukarya [Maeder05].

Ribosomes lacking L36 are correctly assembled. However, chemical protection experiments suggest that rRNA tertiary interactions are disrupted in ribosomes lacking L36, thus arguing that L36 plays a significant role in organizing 23S rRNA structure [Maeder05]. 2'-O-methylation of U2552 by 23S rRNA 2'-O-ribose U2552 methyltransferase promotes association between helices 92 and 71 of 23S rRNA; together with incorporation of L36, it promotes late steps of 50S ribosomal subunit assembly [Arai15].

L36 has ben shown to crosslink to 23S rRNA [Urlaub95].

Deletion of rpmJ causes a temperature-sensitive growth defect [Ikegami05, Maeder05] and increased sensitivity to hydroxyurea [Nakayashiki13]. rpmJ deletion led to decreased expression of secY, located immediately upstream of rpmJ. rpmJ does not appear to be essential for protein synthesis [Ikegami05]. A ΔrlmE ΔrpmJ double mutant exhibits a severe synthetic growth defect at 37°C and is unable to grow at 30 or 22°C [Arai15].

Citations: [Ueguchi89, WittmannLiebold95]

Gene Citations: [Cerretti83]

Locations: cytosol, ribosome

Map Position: [3,440,640 <- 3,440,756] (74.16 centisomes, 267°)
Length: 117 bp / 38 aa

Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 4.364 kD (from nucleotide sequence)

Unification Links: ASAP:ABE-0010812, CGSC:17599, EchoBASE:EB1214, EcoGene:EG11232, EcoliWiki:b3299, OU-Microarray:b3299, PortEco:rpmJ, PR:PRO_000023842, Protein Model Portal:P0A7Q6, RefSeq:NP_417758, RegulonDB:EG11232, SMR:P0A7Q6, String:511145.b3299, UniProt:P0A7Q6

Relationship Links: InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR000473, Panther:IN-FAMILY:PTHR18804, PDB:Structure:2J28, PDB:Structure:2RDO, PDB:Structure:3BBX, PDB:Structure:3J5L, PDB:Structure:3J7Z, PDB:Structure:3J9Y, PDB:Structure:4CSU, PDB:Structure:4U1U, PDB:Structure:4U1V, PDB:Structure:4U20, PDB:Structure:4U24, PDB:Structure:4U25, PDB:Structure:4U26, PDB:Structure:4U27, PDB:Structure:4UY8, PDB:Structure:4V6L, PDB:Structure:4V6M, PDB:Structure:4V6N, PDB:Structure:4V6O, PDB:Structure:4V6P, PDB:Structure:4V6Q, PDB:Structure:4V6R, PDB:Structure:4V6S, PDB:Structure:4V6T, PDB:Structure:4V6V, PDB:Structure:4V6Y, PDB:Structure:4V6Z, PDB:Structure:4V9C, PDB:Structure:4V9D, PDB:Structure:4V9O, PDB:Structure:4V9P, PDB:Structure:4V47, PDB:Structure:4V48, PDB:Structure:4V4H, PDB:Structure:4V4Q, PDB:Structure:4V50, PDB:Structure:4V52, PDB:Structure:4V53, PDB:Structure:4V54, PDB:Structure:4V55, PDB:Structure:4V56, PDB:Structure:4V57, PDB:Structure:4V5B, PDB:Structure:4V5H, PDB:Structure:4V5Y, PDB:Structure:4V64, PDB:Structure:4V65, PDB:Structure:4V66, PDB:Structure:4V69, PDB:Structure:4V6C, PDB:Structure:4V6D, PDB:Structure:4V6E, PDB:Structure:4V6K, PDB:Structure:4V70, PDB:Structure:4V71, PDB:Structure:4V72, PDB:Structure:4V73, PDB:Structure:4V74, PDB:Structure:4V75, PDB:Structure:4V76, PDB:Structure:4V77, PDB:Structure:4V78, PDB:Structure:4V79, PDB:Structure:4V7A, PDB:Structure:4V7B, PDB:Structure:4V7C, PDB:Structure:4V7D, PDB:Structure:4V7I, PDB:Structure:4V7S, PDB:Structure:4V7T, PDB:Structure:4V7U, PDB:Structure:4V7V, PDB:Structure:4V85, PDB:Structure:4V89, PDB:Structure:4WF1, PDB:Structure:4WWW, PDB:Structure:4YBB, PDB:Structure:5AFI, PDB:Structure:5AKA, Pfam:IN-FAMILY:PF00444, Prosite:IN-FAMILY:PS00828

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Genetic Regulation Schematic

Genetic regulation schematic for rpmJ


GO Terms:
Biological Process:
Inferred by computational analysisGO:0006412 - translation [GOA06, GOA01a]
Inferred by computational analysisGO:0042254 - ribosome biogenesis [Gaudet10]
Molecular Function:
Inferred by computational analysisGO:0003735 - structural constituent of ribosome [GOA01a]
Cellular Component:
Inferred from experimentGO:0022625 - cytosolic large ribosomal subunit [Arai15]
Inferred by computational analysisGO:0005829 - cytosol [DiazMejia09]
Inferred by computational analysisGO:0005840 - ribosome [UniProtGOA11a, GOA01a]
Inferred by computational analysisGO:0030529 - ribonucleoprotein complex [UniProtGOA11a]

MultiFun Terms: cell structureribosomes
information transferprotein relatedribosomal proteins
information transferprotein relatedtranslation

Essentiality data for rpmJ knockouts:

Growth Medium Growth? T (°C) O2 pH Osm/L Growth Observations
LB LennoxYes 37 Aerobic 7   Yes [Baba06, Comment 1]
M9 medium with 1% glycerolYes 37 Aerobic 7.2 0.35 Yes [Joyce06, Comment 2]
MOPS medium with 0.4% glucoseYes 37 Aerobic 7.2 0.22 Yes [Baba06, Comment 1]

Credits:
Last-Curated 26-Aug-2015 by Keseler I, SRI International


Subunit of: 50S ribosomal subunit

Inferred from experiment

Synonyms: ribosome, large subunit

Subunit composition of 50S ribosomal subunit = [RrlA][RrfA][RplA][RplB][RplC][RplD][RplE][RplF][(RplJ)([RplL]2)2][RplI][RplK][RplM][RplN][RplO][RplP][RplQ][RplR][RplS][RplT][RplU][RplV][RplW][RplX][RplY][RpmA][RpmB][RpmC][RpmD][RpmE][RpmF][RpmG][RpmH][RpmI][RpmJ]
         23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) = RrlA (extended summary available)
         5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) = RrfA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 = RplA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 = RplB (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 = RplC (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 = RplD (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 = RplE (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 = RplF (summary available)
         50S ribosomal protein complex L8 = (RplJ)([RplL]2)2 (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 = RplJ (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L7/L12 dimer = (RplL)2
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 = RplL
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 = RplI (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 = RplK (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 = RplM (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 = RplN (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 = RplO (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 = RplP (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 = RplQ (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 = RplR (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 = RplS (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 = RplT (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 = RplU (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 = RplV (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 = RplW (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 = RplX (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 = RplY (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 = RpmA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 = RpmB (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 = RpmC (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 = RpmD (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 = RpmE (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 = RpmF (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 = RpmG (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 = RpmH (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 = RpmI (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 = RpmJ (extended summary available)

Component of: ribosome (summary available)

Relationship Links: PDB:Structure:1P85, PDB:Structure:1P86, PDB:Structure:2AW4, PDB:Structure:2AWB

Credits:
Created 02-Jun-2006 by Keseler I, SRI International


Subunit of: ribosome

Subunit composition of ribosome = [(RrsA)(RpsA)(RpsB)(RpsC)(RpsD)(RpsE)(RpsF)(RpsG)(RpsH)(RpsI)(RpsJ)(RpsK)(RpsL)(RpsM)(RpsN)(RpsO)(RpsP)(RpsQ)(RpsR)(RpsS)(RpsT)(RpsU)(Sra)][(RrlA)(RrfA)(RplA)(RplB)(RplC)(RplD)(RplE)(RplF)([RplJ][(RplL)2]2)(RplI)(RplK)(RplM)(RplN)(RplO)(RplP)(RplQ)(RplR)(RplS)(RplT)(RplU)(RplV)(RplW)(RplX)(RplY)(RpmA)(RpmB)(RpmC)(RpmD)(RpmE)(RpmF)(RpmG)(RpmH)(RpmI)(RpmJ)]
         30S ribosomal subunit = (RrsA)(RpsA)(RpsB)(RpsC)(RpsD)(RpsE)(RpsF)(RpsG)(RpsH)(RpsI)(RpsJ)(RpsK)(RpsL)(RpsM)(RpsN)(RpsO)(RpsP)(RpsQ)(RpsR)(RpsS)(RpsT)(RpsU)(Sra) (summary available)
                 16S ribosomal RNA (rrsA) = RrsA (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S1 = RpsA (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S2 = RpsB (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S3 = RpsC (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S4 = RpsD (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S5 = RpsE (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S6 = RpsF (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S7 = RpsG (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S8 = RpsH (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S9 = RpsI (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S10 = RpsJ (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S11 = RpsK (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S12 = RpsL (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S13 = RpsM (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S14 = RpsN (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S15 = RpsO (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S16 = RpsP (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S17 = RpsQ (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S18 = RpsR (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S19 = RpsS (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S20 = RpsT (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S21 = RpsU (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S22 = Sra (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit = (RrlA)(RrfA)(RplA)(RplB)(RplC)(RplD)(RplE)(RplF)([RplJ][(RplL)2]2)(RplI)(RplK)(RplM)(RplN)(RplO)(RplP)(RplQ)(RplR)(RplS)(RplT)(RplU)(RplV)(RplW)(RplX)(RplY)(RpmA)(RpmB)(RpmC)(RpmD)(RpmE)(RpmF)(RpmG)(RpmH)(RpmI)(RpmJ)
                 23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) = RrlA (extended summary available)
                 5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) = RrfA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 = RplA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 = RplB (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 = RplC (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 = RplD (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 = RplE (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 = RplF (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal protein complex L8 = (RplJ)([RplL]2)2 (summary available)
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 = RplJ (extended summary available)
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L7/L12 dimer = (RplL)2
                                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 = RplL
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 = RplI (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 = RplK (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 = RplM (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 = RplN (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 = RplO (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 = RplP (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 = RplQ (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 = RplR (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 = RplS (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 = RplT (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 = RplU (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 = RplV (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 = RplW (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 = RplX (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 = RplY (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 = RpmA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 = RpmB (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 = RpmC (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 = RpmD (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 = RpmE (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 = RpmF (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 = RpmG (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 = RpmH (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 = RpmI (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 = RpmJ (extended summary available)

Summary:
The ribosome is a complex machinery that translates the genetic code.

A crystal structure of the E. coli ribosome has been determined at 3.5 Å resolution [Schuwirth05]. Additional crystal structures of the ribosome with tRNA bound in two functionally distinct states reveal how a ratchet-like motion of the small and large subunits contributes to translocation, termination of translation, and ribosome recycling [Zhang09b, Dunkle11].

Approximately eight molecules of Zn2+ are bound to the ribosome; therefore, it appears that a large fraction of intracellular Zn2+ is ribosome-associated [Hensley11].

Selected reviews: [Ramakrishnan02, Yonath05, Ogle05, Kaczanowska07]

Citations: [Kuhlenkoetter11, Goldman15]

Relationship Links: PDB:Structure:3R8N, PDB:Structure:3R8O, PDB:Structure:3R8S, PDB:Structure:3R8T

Enzymes activated by ribosome, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: ATPase [Becker12]

Credits:
Created 15-Jun-2006 by Keseler I, SRI International


Sequence Features

Protein sequence of 50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 with features indicated

Feature Class Location Citations Comment
Pfam PF00444 1 -> 38
Inferred by computational analysis[Finn14]
Ribosomal_L36 : Ribosomal protein L36
Acetylation-Modification 32
Inferred from experiment[Zhang09a]
 


Gene Local Context (not to scale -- see Genome Browser for correct scale)

Gene local context diagram

Transcription Unit

Transcription-unit diagram

Notes:

History:
10/20/97 Gene b3299 from Blattner lab Genbank (v. M52) entry merged into EcoCyc gene EG11232; confirmed by SwissProt match.


References

Arai15: Arai T, Ishiguro K, Kimura S, Sakaguchi Y, Suzuki T (2015). "Single methylation of 23S rRNA triggers late steps of 50S ribosomal subunit assembly." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. PMID: 26261349

Baba06: Baba T, Ara T, Hasegawa M, Takai Y, Okumura Y, Baba M, Datsenko KA, Tomita M, Wanner BL, Mori H (2006). "Construction of Escherichia coli K-12 in-frame, single-gene knockout mutants: the Keio collection." Mol Syst Biol 2;2006.0008. PMID: 16738554

Becker12: Becker M, Gzyl KE, Altamirano AM, Vuong A, Urban K, Wieden HJ (2012). "The 70S ribosome modulates the ATPase activity of Escherichia coli YchF." RNA Biol 9(10);1288-301. PMID: 22995830

Cerretti83: Cerretti DP, Dean D, Davis GR, Bedwell DM, Nomura M (1983). "The spc ribosomal protein operon of Escherichia coli: sequence and cotranscription of the ribosomal protein genes and a protein export gene." Nucleic Acids Res 1983;11(9);2599-616. PMID: 6222285

DiazMejia09: Diaz-Mejia JJ, Babu M, Emili A (2009). "Computational and experimental approaches to chart the Escherichia coli cell-envelope-associated proteome and interactome." FEMS Microbiol Rev 33(1);66-97. PMID: 19054114

Dunkle11: Dunkle JA, Wang L, Feldman MB, Pulk A, Chen VB, Kapral GJ, Noeske J, Richardson JS, Blanchard SC, Cate JH (2011). "Structures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA binding." Science 332(6032);981-4. PMID: 21596992

Finn14: Finn RD, Bateman A, Clements J, Coggill P, Eberhardt RY, Eddy SR, Heger A, Hetherington K, Holm L, Mistry J, Sonnhammer EL, Tate J, Punta M (2014). "Pfam: the protein families database." Nucleic Acids Res 42(Database issue);D222-30. PMID: 24288371

Gaudet10: Gaudet P, Livstone M, Thomas P (2010). "Annotation inferences using phylogenetic trees." PMID: 19578431

GOA01a: GOA, DDB, FB, MGI, ZFIN (2001). "Gene Ontology annotation through association of InterPro records with GO terms."

GOA06: GOA, SIB (2006). "Electronic Gene Ontology annotations created by transferring manual GO annotations between orthologous microbial proteins."

Goldman15: Goldman DH, Kaiser CM, Milin A, Righini M, Tinoco I, Bustamante C (2015). "Ribosome. Mechanical force releases nascent chain-mediated ribosome arrest in vitro and in vivo." Science 348(6233);457-60. PMID: 25908824

Hensley11: Hensley MP, Tierney DL, Crowder MW (2011). "Zn(II) binding to Escherichia coli 70S ribosomes." Biochemistry 50(46);9937-9. PMID: 22026583

Ikegami05: Ikegami A, Nishiyama K, Matsuyama S, Tokuda H (2005). "Disruption of rpmJ encoding ribosomal protein L36 decreases the expression of secY upstream of the spc operon and inhibits protein translocation in Escherichia coli." Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 69(8);1595-602. PMID: 16116291

Joyce06: Joyce AR, Reed JL, White A, Edwards R, Osterman A, Baba T, Mori H, Lesely SA, Palsson BO, Agarwalla S (2006). "Experimental and computational assessment of conditionally essential genes in Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 188(23);8259-71. PMID: 17012394

Kaczanowska07: Kaczanowska M, Ryden-Aulin M (2007). "Ribosome biogenesis and the translation process in Escherichia coli." Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71(3);477-94. PMID: 17804668

Kuhlenkoetter11: Kuhlenkoetter S, Wintermeyer W, Rodnina MV (2011). "Different substrate-dependent transition states in the active site of the ribosome." Nature 476(7360);351-4. PMID: 21804565

Maeder05: Maeder C, Draper DE (2005). "A small protein unique to bacteria organizes rRNA tertiary structure over an extensive region of the 50 S ribosomal subunit." J Mol Biol 354(2);436-46. PMID: 16246363

Nakayashiki13: Nakayashiki T, Mori H (2013). "Genome-wide screening with hydroxyurea reveals a link between nonessential ribosomal proteins and reactive oxygen species production." J Bacteriol 195(6);1226-35. PMID: 23292777

Ogle05: Ogle JM, Ramakrishnan V (2005). "Structural insights into translational fidelity." Annu Rev Biochem 74;129-77. PMID: 15952884

Ramakrishnan02: Ramakrishnan V (2002). "Ribosome structure and the mechanism of translation." Cell 108(4);557-72. PMID: 11909526

Schuwirth05: Schuwirth BS, Borovinskaya MA, Hau CW, Zhang W, Vila-Sanjurjo A, Holton JM, Cate JH (2005). "Structures of the bacterial ribosome at 3.5 A resolution." Science 310(5749);827-34. PMID: 16272117

Ueguchi89: Ueguchi C, Wittekind M, Nomura M, Akiyama Y, Ito K (1989). "The secY-rpmJ region of the spc ribosomal protein operon in Escherichia coli: structural alterations affecting secY expression." Mol Gen Genet 217(1);1-5. PMID: 2671645

UniProtGOA11a: UniProt-GOA (2011). "Gene Ontology annotation based on manual assignment of UniProtKB keywords in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries."

Urlaub95: Urlaub H, Kruft V, Bischof O, Muller EC, Wittmann-Liebold B (1995). "Protein-rRNA binding features and their structural and functional implications in ribosomes as determined by cross-linking studies." EMBO J 14(18);4578-88. PMID: 7556101

Wada87: Wada A, Sako T (1987). "Primary structures of and genes for new ribosomal proteins A and B in Escherichia coli." J Biochem 101(3);817-20. PMID: 3298224

WittmannLiebold95: Wittmann-Liebold B, Uhlein M, Urlaub H, Muller EC, Otto A, Bischof O (1995). "Structural and functional implications in the eubacterial ribosome as revealed by protein-rRNA and antibiotic contact sites." Biochem Cell Biol 73(11-12);1187-97. PMID: 8722036

Yonath05: Yonath A (2005). "Antibiotics targeting ribosomes: resistance, selectivity, synergism and cellular regulation." Annu Rev Biochem 74;649-79. PMID: 16180279

Zhang09a: Zhang J, Sprung R, Pei J, Tan X, Kim S, Zhu H, Liu CF, Grishin NV, Zhao Y (2009). "Lysine acetylation is a highly abundant and evolutionarily conserved modification in Escherichia coli." Mol Cell Proteomics 8(2);215-25. PMID: 18723842

Zhang09b: Zhang W, Dunkle JA, Cate JH (2009). "Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting." Science 325(5943);1014-7. PMID: 19696352

Other References Related to Gene Regulation

Cerretti88: Cerretti DP, Mattheakis LC, Kearney KR, Vu L, Nomura M (1988). "Translational regulation of the spc operon in Escherichia coli. Identification and structural analysis of the target site for S8 repressor protein." J Mol Biol 204(2);309-29. PMID: 2464692

Dean81: Dean D, Yates JL, Nomura M (1981). "Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S8 feedback regulates part of spc operon." Nature 289(5793);89-91. PMID: 6450328

Lemke11: Lemke JJ, Sanchez-Vazquez P, Burgos HL, Hedberg G, Ross W, Gourse RL (2011). "Direct regulation of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein promoters by the transcription factors ppGpp and DksA." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(14);5712-7. PMID: 21402902

Mattheakis88: Mattheakis LC, Nomura M (1988). "Feedback regulation of the spc operon in Escherichia coli: translational coupling and mRNA processing." J Bacteriol 170(10);4484-92. PMID: 3049533

Mattheakis89: Mattheakis L, Vu L, Sor F, Nomura M (1989). "Retroregulation of the synthesis of ribosomal proteins L14 and L24 by feedback repressor S8 in Escherichia coli." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 86(2);448-52. PMID: 2643112

Post78: Post LE, Arfsten AE, Reusser F, Nomura M (1978). "DNA sequences of promoter regions for the str and spc ribosomal protein operons in E. coli." Cell 15(1);215-29. PMID: 151587

Post78a: Post LE, Arfsten AE, Nomura M, Jaskunas SR (1978). "Isolation and characterization of a promoter mutant in the str ribosomal protein operon in E. coli." Cell 1978;15(1);231-6. PMID: 359165

Yates80: Yates JL, Arfsten AE, Nomura M (1980). "In vitro expression of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein genes: autogenous inhibition of translation." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 77(4);1837-41. PMID: 6445562


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Sun Feb 7, 2016, biocyc12.