Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound: sulfate

Systematic Name: tetraoxosulfate(2-)

Synonyms: sulfuric acid, H2SO4, sulphate, SO4-2, SO42-, SO4--

Superclasses: an ion an anion

Component of:
manganese sulfate pentahydrate
copper sulfate pentahydrate
MnSO4
nickel sulphate
sodium sulfate
zinc sulfate heptahydrate
ferrous sulfate heptahydrate
zinc sulfate
potassium sulfate
magnesium sulfate
magnesium sulfate heptahydrate
iron sulfate
copper sulfate
ammonium sulfate

Chemical Formula: O4S

Molecular Weight: 96.058 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 97.96737924259999 Daltons

SMILES: O=S(=O)([O-])[O-]

InChI: InChI=1S/H2O4S/c1-5(2,3)4/h(H2,1,2,3,4)/p-2

InChIKey: InChIKey=QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Unification Links: CAS:14808-79-8 , ChEBI:16189 , ChemSpider:1085 , HMDB:HMDB01448 , KEGG:C00059 , MetaboLights:MTBLC16189 , PubChem:1117

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): -178

Reactions known to consume the compound:

sulfate activation for sulfonation :
sulfate + ATP + H+ → adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + diphosphate

Reactions known to produce the compound:

Not in pathways:
a phenol sulfate + H2O ↔ a phenol + sulfate + H+
sodium dodecyl sulfate + H2O → 1-dodecanol + sulfate + Na+ + H+

In Transport reactions:
sulfate[periplasmic space] + ATP + H2O → sulfate[cytosol] + ADP + phosphate + H+ ,
sulfate[periplasmic space] + x H+[periplasmic space]sulfate[cytosol] + x H+[cytosol]

Enzymes activated by sulfate, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase [Hines06]

Enzymes inhibited by sulfate, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: thiosulfate sulfurtransferase [Alexander87, Cheng08] , deoxyribose 1,5-phosphomutase [HammerJespersen70] , glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase [Ebner70, Helmward89, Comment 1]

In Growth Media: Gutnick minimal salts medium base + N-acetylneuraminate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetylneuraminate , PMA carbon source test + D-mannose , PMA carbon source test + D-fructose , MOPS medium with 2% glycerol , M63 medium with 2% glycerol , MOPS medium with 2% glucose , MOPS medium with 0.4% glucose , MOPS medium base , Neidhardt EZ rich defined medium , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + ethyl-4-aminobutyrate , PMA carbon source test + putrescine , Davis and Mingioli glucose minimal medium , Davis and Mingioli medium A , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + xanthosine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + xanthine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + putrescine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + orotate , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + trp , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + thr , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + L-ornithine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + glt , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + gln , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + asp , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + asn , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + arg , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + inosine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + gly , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + D-glucosamine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + D-alanine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + cyanate , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + 2'-deoxyinosine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base , trace metal solution , PMA nitrogen source test + L-2-aminopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + citramalate , AB medium with 0.4% acetate , AB medium with 0.2% glucose , M63 medium with 2% glucose , M9 medium with 2% glycerol , M9 medium with 1% glycerol , M9 medium with 0.4% glucose , LB enriched , PMA carbon source test + methyl-β -D-glucoside , M9 medium base , PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxybutanoate , PMA carbon source test + 2-hydroxybutyrate , ATCC medium 57 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 80 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 40 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 20 , PMA carbon source test + trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline , PMA carbon source test + gelatin , PMA carbon source test + L-galactono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + α-hydroxyglutarate-γ-lactone , PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D,L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + melezitose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + salicylate , PMA carbon source test + methyl-α-D-galactopyranoside , PMA nitrogen source test + D-mannosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-gln , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-asp , PMA nitrogen source test + D,L-lactamide , PMA carbon source test + methyl D-lactate , PMA carbon source test + bromosuccinate , PMA carbon source test + gly-asp , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-his , PMA nitrogen source test + L-Ala-L-Glu , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-thr , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-leu , PMA carbon source test + turanose , PMA carbon source test + ala-gly , PMA nitrogen source test + gln , PMA nitrogen source test + gly-asn , PMA carbon source test + diacetyl , PMA carbon source test + lactitol , PMA nitrogen source test + methionine-alanine dipeptide , PMA nitrogen source test + gly-met , PMA phosphorus source test + 1D-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-D-glycerate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phospho-D-glycerate , PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-AMP , PMA phosphorus source test + 3'-adenosine monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphinate , PMA sulfur source test + sulfate , PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + dTMP , PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + methylenediphosphonate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-aminoethylphosphonate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphonoacetate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-ethanolamine , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-choline , PMA phosphorus source test + creatine-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-L-tyrosine , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-tyrosine , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + UMP , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + L-threonine O-3-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-L-serine , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-serine , PMA phosphorus source test + N-phospho-L-arginine , PMA phosphorus source test + cysteamine S-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-mannose 6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3',5'-cyclic CMP , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + CMP , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine-3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 6-phospho-D-gluconate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucosamine-6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phosphoglycolate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoenolpyruvate , PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-GMP , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + GMP , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + carbamoyl-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + glycerol 2-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + dithiophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + thiophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + AMP , PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + triethyl phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + PPPi , PMA phosphorus source test + trimetaphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + diphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphate , PMA nitrogen source test + glycyl-L-glutamate , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-gly , PMA nitrogen source test + 5-aminopentanoate , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-aminocaprylate , PMA nitrogen source test + 6-aminohexanoate , PMA nitrogen source test + 4-aminobutyrate , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-aminobutyrate , PMA nitrogen source test + parabanate , PMA nitrogen source test + allantoin , PMA nitrogen source test + alloxan , PMA nitrogen source test + urate , PMA nitrogen source test + xanthosine , PMA nitrogen source test + xanthine , PMA nitrogen source test + inosine , PMA nitrogen source test + uridine , PMA nitrogen source test + uracil , PMA nitrogen source test + thymidine , PMA nitrogen source test + thymine , PMA nitrogen source test + guanosine , PMA nitrogen source test + guanine , PMA nitrogen source test + cytosine , PMA nitrogen source test + cytidine , PMA nitrogen source test + adenosine , PMA nitrogen source test + adenine , PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + galactosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-glucosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + glucuronamide , PMA nitrogen source test + formamide , PMA nitrogen source test + acetamide , PMA nitrogen source test + tyramine , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-phenylethylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + histamine , PMA nitrogen source test + agmatine , PMA nitrogen source test + putrescine , PMA nitrogen source test + ethylenediamine , PMA nitrogen source test + ethanolamine , PMA nitrogen source test + ethylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + butylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + n-amylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + methylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + hydroxylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + 5-oxoproline , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-phthalimidoglutarate , PMA nitrogen source test + L-ornithine , PMA nitrogen source test + L-homoserine , PMA nitrogen source test + L-citrulline , PMA nitrogen source test + D-valine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-serine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-lysine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-glutamate , PMA nitrogen source test + D-aspartate , PMA nitrogen source test + D-asparagine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-alanine , PMA nitrogen source test + val , PMA nitrogen source test + tyr , PMA nitrogen source test + trp , PMA nitrogen source test + thr , PMA nitrogen source test + ser , PMA nitrogen source test + pro , PMA nitrogen source test + phe , PMA nitrogen source test + met , PMA nitrogen source test + lys , PMA nitrogen source test + leu , PMA nitrogen source test + ile , PMA nitrogen source test + his , PMA nitrogen source test + gly , PMA nitrogen source test + gln , PMA nitrogen source test + glt , PMA nitrogen source test + cys , PMA nitrogen source test + asp , PMA nitrogen source test + asn , PMA nitrogen source test + arg , PMA nitrogen source test + ala , PMA nitrogen source test + biuret , PMA nitrogen source test + urea , PMA nitrogen source test + nitrate , PMA nitrogen source test + nitrite , PMA nitrogen source test + ammonia , PMA carbon source test + acetoin , PMA carbon source test + (R,R)-2,3-butanediol , PMA carbon source test + dihydroxyacetone , PMA carbon source test + 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-aminoethanol , PMA carbon source test + sec-butylamine , PMA carbon source test + a D,L-carnitine , PMA carbon source test + val , PMA carbon source test + 5-oxoproline , PMA carbon source test + phe , PMA carbon source test + L-ornithine , PMA carbon source test + met , PMA carbon source test + lys , PMA carbon source test + leu , PMA carbon source test + ile , PMA carbon source test + L-homoserine , PMA carbon source test + his , PMA carbon source test + gly , PMA carbon source test + arg , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + L-alanine amide , PMA carbon source test + acetamide , PMA carbon source test + L-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + D-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + succinamate , PMA carbon source test + sorbate , PMA carbon source test + sebacate , PMA carbon source test + L-quinate , PMA carbon source test + 3-oxalomalate , PMA carbon source test + oxalate , PMA carbon source test + melibionate , PMA carbon source test + malonate , PMA carbon source test + 5-dehydro-D-gluconate , PMA carbon source test + itaconate , PMA carbon source test + 2-ketopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybutyrate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybenzoate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucosamine , PMA carbon source test + citraconate , PMA carbon source test + hexanoate , PMA carbon source test + caprate , PMA carbon source test + 2-butanoate , PMA carbon source test + 5-aminopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + 4-aminobutyrate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl -D- glucosaminitol , PMA carbon source test + D-xylitol , PMA carbon source test + D-tagatose , PMA carbon source test + stachyose , PMA carbon source test + L-sorbose , PMA carbon source test + sedoheptulose anhydride , PMA carbon source test + salicin , PMA carbon source test + raffinose , PMA carbon source test + palatinose , PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-xylopyranose , PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-mannopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-glucuronate , PMA carbon source test + 3-O-methyl-d-glucose , PMA carbon source test + methyl-β-D-galactoside , PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-glucoside , PMA carbon source test + maltitol , PMA carbon source test + L-glucose , PMA carbon source test + β-gentiobiose , PMA carbon source test + 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-arabinose , PMA carbon source test + D-fucose , PMA carbon source test + erythritol , PMA carbon source test + 2'-deoxyribose , PMA carbon source test + hydroquinone-O-β-D-glucopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + L-arabitol , PMA carbon source test + D-arabitol , PMA carbon source test + D-arabinose , PMA carbon source test + (R)-amygdalin , PMA carbon source test + D-allose , PMA carbon source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine , PMA carbon source test + a pectin , PMA carbon source test + a mannan , PMA carbon source test + a laminaran , PMA carbon source test + an inulin , PMA carbon source test + glycogen , PMA carbon source test + a dextrin , PMA carbon source test + γ-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + β-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + α-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + chondroitin sulfate C , PMA carbon source test + ethanolamine , PMA carbon source test + 2-phenylethylamine , PMA carbon source test + D-galacturonate , PMA carbon source test + pyruvate , PMA carbon source test + glucuronamide , PMA carbon source test + β-L-lyxopyranose , PMA carbon source test + D-psicose , PMA carbon source test + tyramine , PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxyphenylacetate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxyphenylacetate , PMA carbon source test + glycylproline , PMA carbon source test + (S)-malate , PMA carbon source test + (R)-malate , PMA carbon source test + methyl pyruvate , PMA carbon source test + mono-methyl hydrogen succinate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine , PMA carbon source test + acetoacetate , PMA carbon source test + ala , PMA carbon source test + thr , PMA carbon source test + ser , PMA carbon source test + propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate , PMA carbon source test + glycyl-L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + inosine , PMA carbon source test + cellobiose , PMA carbon source test + glyoxylate , PMA carbon source test + glycolate , PMA carbon source test + D-galactarate , PMA carbon source test + propionate , PMA carbon source test + fumarate , PMA carbon source test + D-threonine , PMA carbon source test + myo-inositol , PMA carbon source test + citrate , PMA carbon source test + adenosine , PMA carbon source test + deoxyadenosine , PMA carbon source test + maltotriose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribitol , PMA carbon source test + D-fructose-6-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + meso-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + gln , PMA carbon source test + uridine , PMA carbon source test + sucrose , PMA carbon source test + lactulose , PMA carbon source test + lactose , PMA carbon source test + 2-oxobutanoate , PMA carbon source test + 2-oxoglutarate , PMA carbon source test + L-1,2-propanediol , PMA carbon source test + glucosaminate , PMA carbon source test + D-aspartate , PMA carbon source test + asn , PMA carbon source test + thymidine , PMA carbon source test + melibiose , PMA carbon source test + maltose , PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose , PMA carbon source test + acetate , PMA carbon source test + L-rhamnose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribose , PMA carbon source test + (RS)-malate , PMA carbon source test + D-galactono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + glt , PMA carbon source test + D-mannitol , PMA carbon source test + formate , PMA carbon source test + (S)-lactate , PMA carbon source test + D-xylose , PMA carbon source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + D-gluconate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucuronate , PMA carbon source test + L-fucose , PMA carbon source test + glycerol , PMA carbon source test + D-sorbitol , PMA carbon source test + D-serine , PMA carbon source test + D-galactitol , PMA carbon source test + trehalose , PMA carbon source test + D-alanine , PMA carbon source test + pro , PMA carbon source test + asp , PMA carbon source test + D-galactose , PMA carbon source test + succinate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucarate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , PMA carbon source test + L-arabinose , Bochner defined minimal medium without phosphorous , Bochner defined minimal medium without nitrogen , Bochner defined minimal medium without carbon , Bochner defined minimal medium , Davis and Mingioli Modified medium , M56 medium , AB medium base , M63 medium base , E.coli minimal growth on glucose (example) , E.coli minimal growth on acetate (example)


References

Alexander87: Alexander K, Volini M (1987). "Properties of an Escherichia coli rhodanese." J Biol Chem 262(14);6595-604. PMID: 3553189

Cheng08: Cheng H, Donahue JL, Battle SE, Ray WK, Larson TJ (2008). "Biochemical and Genetic Characterization of PspE and GlpE, Two Single-domain Sulfurtransferases of Escherichia coli." Open Microbiol J 2;18-28. PMID: 19088907

Ebner70: Ebner E, Gancedo C, Holzer H "ATP:Glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase (Escherichia coli B)." Methods in Enzymology 1970; 17A:922-927.

Ebner70a: Ebner E, Wolf D, Gancedo C, Elsasser S, Holzer H (1970). "ATP: glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase from Escherichia coli B. Purification and properties." Eur J Biochem 1970;14(3);535-44. PMID: 4920894

HammerJespersen70: Hammer-Jespersen K, Munch-Petersen A (1970). "Phosphodeoxyribomutase from Escherichia coli. Purification and some properties." Eur J Biochem 1970;17(3);397-407. PMID: 4992818

Helmward89: Helmward Z "Handbook of Enzyme Inhibitors. 2nd, revised and enlarged edition." Weinheim, Federal Republic of Germany ; New York, NY, USA , 1989.

Hines06: Hines JK, Fromm HJ, Honzatko RB (2006). "Novel allosteric activation site in Escherichia coli fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase." J Biol Chem 281(27);18386-93. PMID: 16670087


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Wed Dec 17, 2014, biocyc13.