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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound Class: a siderophore

Superclasses: a secondary metabolite

Summary:
Siderophores are small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by microorganisms. Once outside the cell, siderophores bind Fe3+ with high affinity, and the iron-siderophore complexes are imported back into the cell by active-transport mechanisms.

Siderophores are very common in pathogenic bacteria, since iron in the host organism is usually tightly bound to proteins, resulting in an extremely low concentration of free iron in the blood.

Most siderophores belong to one of three major groups: the catechols, hydroxamates and thiazolines.

Some grasses are known to make siderophores as well. These phytosiderophores are also known as mugineic acids.

Child Classes: a carboxylate siderophore (0) , a catecholate siderophore (1) , a hydroxamate siderophore (3) , a phytosiderophore (0) , a thiazoline siderophore (0) , an Fe(II)-siderophore (0) , an Fe(III)-siderophore (5)

SMILES: [a siderophoreH]

Unification Links: ChEBI:26672 , Wikipedia:Siderophore

Reactions known to consume the compound:

Not in pathways:
2 Fe2+ + 2 a siderophore + NADP+ + H+ ← 2 an Fe(III)-siderophore + NADPH


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Mon Dec 22, 2014, biocyc14.