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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0009252 - peptidoglycan biosynthetic process

Synonyms: GO:0009285, murein biosynthesis, murein biosynthetic process, peptidoglycan anabolism, peptidoglycan biosynthesis, peptidoglycan formation, peptidoglycan synthesis

Definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptidoglycans, any of a class of glycoconjugates found in bacterial cell walls.

Parent Classes:
GO:0000270 - peptidoglycan metabolic process,
GO:0006024 - glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic process,
GO:0044038 - cell wall macromolecule biosynthetic process,
GO:0044763 - single-organism cellular process

Part Of:
GO:0009273 - peptidoglycan-based cell wall biogenesis

Child Classes:
GO:0018104 - peptidoglycan-protein cross-linking (3)

Term Members:
predicted racemase (ygeA),
rod shape-determining membrane protein; sensitivity to radiation and drugs (mrdB),
L,D-transpeptidase YcfS (ldtC),
L,D-transpeptidase ErfK (ldtA),
L,D-transpeptidase YbiS (ldtB),
outer membrane lipoprotein - activator of MrcB activity (lpoB),
outer membrane lipoprotein - activator of MrcA activity (lpoA),
phosphatidylglycerophosphatase [multifunctional] (pgpB),
L,D-transpeptidase LdtE,
L,D-transpeptidase LdtD,
conserved protein (yafK),
lipid II flippase (murJ),
L,D-carboxypeptidase A (ldcA),
β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (nagZ),
undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (bacA),
subunit of undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase (ispU),
UDP-N-acetylmuramate:L-alanyl-γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminoheptanedioate-D-alanine ligase [multifunctional] (mpl),
DD-carboxypeptidase, penicillin-binding protein 6b (dacD),
meso-diaminopimelic acid-D-alanyl endopeptidase / D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase (dacB),
D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase, fraction A; penicillin-binding protein 5 (dacA),
essential cell division protein FtsW; lipid II flippase,
alanine racemase 1, PLP-binding, biosynthetic subunit (alr),
penicillin-binding protein 6 (dacC),
penicillin-binding protein 7 (pbpG),
peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase (pbpC),
D-alanyl-D-alanine-adding enzyme (murF),
UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase (murB),
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvoyl transferase (murA),
UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanyl-D-glutamate 2,6-diaminopimelate ligase (murE),
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine:D-glutamate ligase (murD),
UDP-N-acetylmuramate-alanine ligase (murC),
phospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide transferase (mraY),
N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase (murG),
glutamate racemase (murI),
biosynthetic peptidoglycan transglycosylase (mtgA),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase A (mltA),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase B (mltB),
scaffolding protein that interacts with murein polymerase and murein hydrolase (mipA),
D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptidase (ddpX),
undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (ybjG),
cell shape; peptidoglycan synthetase; penicillin-binding protein 2 (mrdA),
essential cell division protein FtsI; penicillin-binding protein 3,
D-alanine-D-alanine ligase B (ddlB),
D-alanine-D-alanine ligase A (ddlA)

Unification Links: GO:0009252

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Wed May 4, 2016, biocyc13.